Hung Hom station
Hung Hom (Chinese: 紅磡; Cantonese Yale: Hùngham), referred to by China Railway as Hong Kong Hung Hom (Chinese: 香港紅磡; pinyin: Xiānggǎng Hóngkàn) since 1 April 2019, is an interchange station of the East Rail Line and West Rail Line in Hong Kong. It is Hong Kong's first station serving cross-border trains to Mainland China (The other station being West Kowloon Station, serving Guangzhou South, Beijing West and many other destinations in Mainland China). Cross-border services to Beijing West (Beijing–Kowloon line), Shanghai (Shanghai–Kowloon line), and Guangzhou East (Guangzhou–Kowloon line) terminate here.
|Literal meaning||Red, dangerous sea cliff|
|Other names||Hong Kong Hung Hom (China Railway, from 1 April 2019) |
Kowloon / Jiulong (China Railway, before 31 March 2019)
|Location||Cheong Wan Road, Hung Hom|
Yau Tsim Mong District, Hong Kong
|Owned by||Kowloon–Canton Railway Corporation|
|Operated by||MTR Corporation|
|Platforms||7 (3 island platforms and 1 side platform)|
|Connections||Bus, public light bus|
The station is located in Yau Tsim Mong District, Kowloon, next to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel's northern entrance. Hung Hom is one of the three Hong Kong ports of entry on the MTR network; the others are Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau.
Former Hung Hom stationEdit
An old Hung Hom station existed on Chatham Road South before the relocation of then-Kowloon station in 1975. It was situated next to the former coastline of Hung Hom Bay, at the southeastern corner of the Gun Club Hill Barracks (between the current-day Chung Sze Yuen Building A of Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the Hong Kong History Museum).
Relocation of Kowloon stationEdit
The old Kowloon station in Tsim Sha Tsui began operation in 1910. After decades of economic growth in Hong Kong, the station, situated at the seafront of Victoria Harbour, became too small and had no room for expansion. A new Kowloon station (the current Hung Hom station), situated to the east, was officially inaugurated by Chief Secretary Denys Roberts on 24 November 1975 as the new terminus of the Kowloon–Canton Railway. However, it did not start operating until a few days later. The old terminal at Tsim Sha Tsui was closed on 29 November 1975. The first passenger train pulled out of the new station the following morning at 8:26 am. On 5 May 1975, Queen Elizabeth II unveiled a plaque commemorating the opening of the new terminal. The new station cost HK$150 million and offered modern new facilities including a spacious waiting hall, a restaurant, a bar, a bookstore, a bank, escalators, and closed circuit television. It was built along with a bus terminus and a multi-storey car park.
The controversial demolition of the old station commenced on 7 June 1978; a new complex of a concert hall and museums were built on Kowloon Station's original site, but the clock tower was preserved as a Declared Monument.
Renaming and expansionEdit
The new station was renamed Hung Hom Station around February or March 1996. The Kowloon-Canton Railway was renamed KCR East Rail in 1996, and subsequently the East Rail line upon the merger of MTRC (metro services) and KCRC (suburban train services) in December 2007.
A HK$1.3 billion expansion of Hung Hom Station began on 16 March 1995, which included a new concourse designed by Foster and Partners. The expansion was completed in 1998. The passenger terminal now hosts ticket offices, waiting areas, shops and restaurants.
After decades of being the terminus station of the East Rail Line, Hung Hom temporarily became an intermediate station when the East Rail was extended to East Tsim Sha Tsui station in 2004. This symbolic return to Tsim Sha Tsui of the then-Kowloon–Canton railway was followed by the inauguration of a westward Kowloon Southern Link to complete the West Rail line. On 16 August 2009, East Tsim Sha Tsui was transferred to the West Rail line. Hung Hom regained its status of terminus station, now of both railways.
To minimise confusion after the opening of Hong Kong West Kowloon, China Railway renamed the station on its systems to Hong Kong Hung Hom (previously Jiulong / Kowloon) on 1 April 2019.
As of September 4 2019 Hung Hom station and its cross-border services cannot be found at China Railways official website, as opposed to West Kowloon station high speed services.
Sha Tin to Central Link expansionEdit
Currently an interchange station between the West Rail line and East Rail line, Hung Hom station will become an intermediate stop on the Sha Tin to Central Link, a suburban railway line connecting Sha Tin to Hong Kong Island.
Under the North South Corridor concept, the East Rail line is currently being extended to Hong Kong Island via a new immersed tube tunnel south of the station. At the same time, the West Rail line is being extended to connect with the Ma On Shan line via East Kowloon, forming a new "Tuen Ma line".
To facilitate this expansion, new metro platforms are being built underneath the Hung Hom Station Exit C concourse. The Tuen Ma Line platforms will sit above the East Rail Line platforms. New approach tracks have also been built north and south of the station.
Construction safety scandalEdit
In 2018, a major scandal emerged regarding construction malpractice at the Hung Hom Station construction site. In 2015, contractors building the concrete slab forming the Tuen Ma Line platform level reportedly cut off the ends of reinforcing bars that were supposed to be screwed into couplers within the diaphragm wall forming the side of the underground station box. The contractor then poured the concrete even though the bars were not connected to the couplers. As a result, engineers have cast doubt on the long-term structural safety of the slab.
The government has demanded that MTR Corporation submit a report on the safety of the station. An independent engineer, C M Wong & Associates Ltd., will conduct safety tests. On 12 June 2018, Chief Executive Carrie Lam announced that she will appoint a commission on inquiry, headed by Hong Kong judge Michael Hartmann, to investigate the scandal.
Exit C Concourse
|Exit C, a transport interchange|
|ticketing office, Customer Service Centre, toilets, Hong Kong Immigration Department|
and Customs and Excise Department checkpoints (for intercity train passengers)
|MTRShops, vending machines|
|U2||Exit A & B
|Exit A, B, footbridge, public transport interchange|
|Exit D Concourse||Exit D, footbridge, Customer Service|
|Footbridges||to Cross-Harbour Tunnel, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, |
Tsim Sha Tsui East, Hong Kong Museum of History,
Hong Kong Science Museum, Hung Hom
|Platform 1||East Rail line towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Mong Kok East) →|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Platform 2||← West Rail line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Platform 3||← West Rail line towards Tuen Mun (East Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the right|
|Platform 4||East Rail line towards Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau (Mong Kok East) →|
|Platform 5||Guangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, or Beijing →Intercity Through Train towards|
|Platform 6||Guangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, or Beijing →Intercity Through Train towards|
|Platform 7||Disused freight platform|
|Side platform, restricted access|
An interchange for buses (lower level) and public light buses and taxis (upper level) is located outside the station building. The lower-level bus station is situated at the Kowloon entrance of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel. Elevated walkways connect the station to the Hong Kong Coliseum; Hong Kong Polytechnic University; the residential area of Hung Hom; and tourist attractions in eastern Tsim Sha Tsui, such as the Science Museum and the Avenue of Stars along Victoria Harbour.
- A1 – Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- A2 – Bus terminus on On Wan Road
- A3 – Northeast side of station
- B1 – Walkway to Hung Hom, Royal Peninsula, Harbour Place, Whampoa Garden
- B2 – Walkway to Exit C Concourse
- C1 – Bus Terminal; cross-harbour taxi stand
- C2 – Airport Express shuttle stand; walkway to Harbour Plaza Metropolis, Fortune Metropolis, Metropolis Residence, Metropolis Tower
- C3 – Taxi stand on Cheong Wan Road; Hong Kong Coliseum
- D1 – Walkway to Tsim Sha Tsui East and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
- D2, D3, D4 – Hong Kong Coliseum
- D5 – Tsim Sha Tsui Promenade
- D6 – Walkway to Exit C Concourse
- "Yau Tsim Mong District" (PDF). Electoral Affairs Commission. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- Kowloon–Canton railway 1910 Annual Report.
- The HK Daily Press of 16 Sep 1921 shows the KCR timetable (taking effect on 16 Sep 1921) (Gazette no. s 260) without Hung Hom Station for the first time, whereas the timetable (Gazette no. s 205) the day before also on the HK Daily Press still showed the Station.
- Annual Departmental Report by the General Manager, Railway and Chief Resident Engineer for the Financial Year 1975-76. Hong Kong: Government Information Services. 1976.
- Hong Kong Kung Sheung Daily, 8 June 1978.
- KCRC documents[vague]; the exact date of name change is subject to further research
- Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Annual Report 1995. Hong Kong: Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation. 1996.
- Cheng, Kris (5 June 2018). "Gov't highly concerned about corner-cutting scandal at Hung Hom MTR station, says Chief Exec. Carrie Lam". Hong Kong Free Press.
- Cheng, Kris (6 June 2018). "MTRC top official unsure why contractors cut corners during Hung Hom MTR station expansion". Hong Kong Free Press.
- Cheng, Kris (12 June 2018). "Retired judge to lead investigation into corner-cutting scandal at the MTRC's Hung Hom station expansion". Hong Kong Free Press.
- "Hung Hom Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Hung Hom Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 October 2016.