Autumn Harvest Uprising

  (Redirected from Hunan Soviet)

The Autumn Harvest Uprising (simplified Chinese: 秋收起义; traditional Chinese: 秋收起義; pinyin: Qīushōu Qǐyì) was an insurrection that took place in Hunan and Jiangxi provinces, China, on September 7, 1927, led by Mao Zedong, who established a short-lived Hunan Soviet.

Autumn Harvest Uprising
Part of Chinese Civil War
China Soviet Zones.png
The location of Autumn Harvest Uprising.
DateSeptember 7, 1927
Location
Result Uprising defeated, communists forced to retreat to the Jinggang Mountains
Belligerents

Nationalist government

Soviet Zone

Commanders and leaders
Mao Zedong
Li Zhen

After initial success, the uprising was put down. Mao continued to believe in the rural strategy but concluded that it would be necessary to form a party army.[1]

BackgroundEdit

In support of the Northern Expedition, Mao was sent to survey conditions in his home province of Hunan. His Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan urged support for rural revolution.[2]

The uprisingEdit

Initially, Mao struggled to garner forces for an uprising, but Li Zhen rallied the peasantry and members of her local communist troop to join.[3] Mao then led a small peasant army against the Kuomintang and the landlords of Hunan. The Soviet government he established there lasted two months. The uprising was eventually defeated by Kuomintang forces within two months after the Soviet was established and Mao and the others were forced to retreat to the Jinggang Mountains on the border between Hunan and Jiangxi provinces, where emerged an army of miners which would help him in later battles. This was one of the early armed uprisings by the Communists, and it marked a significant change in their strategy. Mao and Red Army founder Zhu De went on to develop a rural-based strategy that centered on guerrilla tactics. This paved the way for the Long March of 1934 (the first Long March in 1918 not accountable).

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Li, Xiaobing. China at War: An Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2012) pp 5–8.
  2. ^ Hofheinz, Jr. (1977).
  3. ^ Wu 吴, Zhife 志菲 (2003). "Li Zhen: cong tongyangxi dao kaiguo jiangjun 李贞:从童养媳到开国将军". Renmin Wang. Retrieved 27 November 2011.

References and further readingEdit