Humphrey I de Bohun

Humphrey I de Bohun (died c.1123), of Trowbridge Castle in Wiltshire, jure uxoris 3rd[1] feudal baron of Trowbridge,[2] was an Anglo-Norman nobleman who by his lucrative marriage became "the founder of the fortunes of his family",[3] later prominent in England as Earls of Hereford and Earls of Essex. He is usually enumerated "Humphrey I" even though following his father he was the second "Humphrey de Bohun" settled in England.[4] He has even been called Humphrey the Great.[5]

Map of Normandy showing location of the manor of Bohun (now Bohon), origin of the English de Bohun family

OriginsEdit

He was the youngest son of Humphrey de Bohun ("With the Beard") (Cum Barba[6]), who had taken part in the Norman Conquest of England of 1066, lord of the manor of Bohun (now Bohon) in Manche, Normandy (in the 12th century split into two separate parishes of Saint-Georges-de-Bohon and Saint-André-de-Bohon[7]), 26 km north-east of Coutances and 18 km north-west of Saint-Lô.

Marriage and childrenEdit

He married Maud of Salisbury, a daughter of Edward of Salisbury (died 1130),[8] feudal baron of Trowbridge[9] and of Chitterne,[10] both in Wiltshire. Maud brought as her dowry the feudal barony of Trowbridge, whilst Chitterne was inherited by her brother Walter of Salisbury (died 1147). By his wife he had issue including:

SourcesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1st post-Conquest baron was Brictric; 2nd was Edward of Salisbury (Sanders)
  2. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, p.91
  3. ^ Planché
  4. ^ J. R. Planché, The Conqueror and his Companions (London, 1874), II, 65.
  5. ^ Melville M. Bigelow, "The Bohun Wills," American Historical Review, 1:3 (1896), 415.
  6. ^ Sanders
  7. ^ René Gautier, 601 communes et lieux de vie de la Manche, éditions du patrimoine normand, p. 499
  8. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, p.112
  9. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, p.91
  10. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, p.112