Humla District

Humla District (Nepali: हुम्ला जिल्ला), a part of Karnali Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Simikot as its district headquarters, covers an area of 5,655 km2 (2,183 sq mi) and has population of 50,858 as per the census of 2011.[1] Humla is the 2nd largest district (by area) of Nepal. The Southern part and middle of Humla District is inhabited by Khas people, originating from Sinja valley, whereas the North border is mostly inhabited by Tibetans. Northern part of this district is administered by China since border skirmishes with India in 2020.

Humla District
Saatpokhari lake in Humla
Saatpokhari lake in Humla
Location of Humla District (dark yellow) in Karnali
Location of Humla District (dark yellow) in Karnali
Administrative divisions of Humla District
Administrative divisions of Humla District
Country   Nepal
ProvinceKarnali Province
Admin HQ.Simikot
 • Total5,655 km2 (2,183 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
 • Total50,858
 • Density9.0/km2 (23/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)

Geography and climateEdit

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters 10.7%


Wild yaks were once thought to be regionally extinct in Nepal, but was rediscovered in Humla in 2014.[3]


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Humla District had a population of 50,858. Of these, 89.8% spoke Nepali or Jumli khas and 7.5% Tamang as their first language.[4] The largest ethnic group is khas/chhetri make 74% of total district population, other khas tribes suce as Thakuri/Bahun/Sannyasi giri/Bishwakarma/Damai/ Badi make 19% of total dist population. and Tibetan tribes such as Tamang, Sherpa, Bhotiya, and Tibetan makes 7% of total dist population.


The district consists of 7 Municipalities, all of which are rural municipalities. These are as follows:[5]

Former Village Development CommitteesEdit

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Humla District consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees:

Map of the VDC/s in Humla District

Health careEdit

  • Central/regional/zonal hospitals: 0
  • District hospitals: 1
  • Primary healthcare centres: 0
  • Health posts: 10
  • Sub-health posts: 16
  • Number of doctors: 6
  • Number of nurses: 35

Although there is a district hospital as well as primary health care centers, these are not enough for providing health services. The small health centers in many VDCs are often without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and often resort to local practices before seeking allopathic treatment.

The Nepal Trust, which has been working in Humla since 1996,[6] was one of the first NGOs in the district to address development (especially healthcare) issues at the grass-roots level. PHASE Nepal is a non profit organization which coordinates with the District Health Office in Simikot to provide comprehensive primary health services to the communities of Maila and Melchham, two of the most isolated VDCs of the district; as well as the neighboring villages who also received these services.[7] The Trust was the only organization allowed to continue its development work throughout the district during the Maoist insurgency. The Torpa clinic was built by the trust almost 15 years ago to address the immediate need for health services. To date, the Trust has expanded services throughout the district including improvements made to the district hospital. Currently, Trust initiatives are related to ante/post natal care and infant mortality reduction programs. With its head office in Kathmandu, the Nepal Trust has its own satellite office and guest house in its Simikot office, which acts as a social enterprise (the first built in West Nepal) and along with healthcare works in education, renewable energy, heritage preservation, WASH, food security and agriculture, sustainable tourism development and income generation. Nepal Trust has been managing the Great Himalaya Trail Development Program since 2008.


Simikot-headquarter of Humla

Humla lies in the far west of Nepal, on the border between Nepal and China, and is used as the starting point for trekking and mountaineering, accessible from Simikot Airport. The trekking route to Tibet also starts from Simikot.


The road descending from Nara La (pass) 4535 m Humla district, Nepal to the border of Tibet at Hilsa on the bank of Karnali River. The road is connected from Lake Manasarovar close by Mount Kailash in Tibet.

The Nepal section of The Great Himalaya Trail ends in Humla at Hilsa at the border with Tibet. The Humla district is a historic part of the Tibetan Buddhist religious tradition, with several points of interest for the history, culture and values of a typical Buddhist life. It has eleven small villages of Tibetan origin. The Nyin Community and the Limi Valley are inhabited by Buddhist communities.[8]

The border crossing at Hilsa is a main entry point for treks going to and coming from Mount Kailash. The normal route to this point is via a 4-5 day walk to Simikot.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series, No. 110, 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ Extinct Wild Yak found in Nepal
  4. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  5. ^ "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 29°58′N 81°50′E / 29.967°N 81.833°E / 29.967; 81.833