Humaydah (also transliterated as Humaidah, Arabic: حميضة), is an Arab tribe, a subgroup of the Bariq tribe of the Qahtanite people. They were a powerful house which governed the city of Bareq until the Ibn Saud invasion and lived peacefully beside al-Ali.
|Regions with significant populations|
Kinahan Cornwallis Said (1916):" Humeidah. Live in the western part of the district along the Muhail-Qunfudah road from Dhahab to 'Aqabet es-Suhul and extend down the 'Aqabah to Ghar el- Hindi. numbering 7,000 men, of whom 4,000 are nomads٫Their Chief Sheikh is Mohammed Ibn Haiazah.»
Naval Intelligence Handbooks (1916): "The most important tribe is the Humeidah, numbering 7,000 men, of whom 4,000 are nomads. They occupy the western part of the district, and the Muha'il- Qunfudah road from Dhahab to Ghar el-Hindi is in their territory. They quarrel with the Al Isba'i and are divided amongst themselves, the villagers favouring the Turks, the nomads Idrisi. Taken as a whole the tribes support Idrisi, with the exception of the settled Humeidah, and pay him taxes. They are peaceful and pleasure-loving, and by no means fond of war. At the same time they are not above harrying small Turkish convoys.»
Wilfred Thesiger (1946): "This desolate country continued until we reached the wadi khat and the cultivated lands of the Humaidha tribe at barik who resemble the 'Amara and live in well-built, flat-roofed, stone houses. These sedentary tribes own a few camels, some cattle, and fair-sized herds of sheep and goats. They are however essentially cultivators who grow dhurra or "dukhn" (bull-rush millet), either on small plains irrigated by the floods or on the silt of the stream beds.»
Banu Humaydah trace their origin to Humaydah b. al-Harith b. Awf b. Amr b. Sa'd b. Thailbh b. Kinanah b. Bariq . They lived in Bareq with the other Bariq tribes, Al-Musa ibn Ali, Al- Isb'ai and Al-Jabali.
Influential people of BariqEdit
- Bariqi, Aḥmad ibn Marīf. Qabā'il Bāriq al-mu'āṣirah min al-'aṣr al-Jāhilī ilá al-'aṣr al-ḥadīth.
- Ibn Durayd, Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan (1988). Kitāb Jamharat al-lughah. Bayrūt, Lubnān: Dār al-ʻIlm lil-Malāyīn. OCLC 20489173.
- al-Bariqi, Mahmood Aal-Shobaily. Al-Shariq: fi tarikh wa jughrāfīat bilād Bāriq. Maktabat al-Malik Fahd al-Wataniyah. p. 279. ISBN 9960-39969-9.
- Subcontractor's monograph on Saudi Arabia page 60 ،
- Gazetteer of Arabia: a geographical and tribal history of the Arabian Peninsula ،
- A Handbook of Arabia: Volume I. General p416 ،