Hulu Perak District

The Hulu Perak District is a district in Perak, Malaysia. As the largest district in Perak, there are border to the east of the district is the state of Kelantan, to the west is Kedah, to the south is the district of Kuala Kangsar while to the south-west is the district of Larut, Matang and Selama. Hulu Perak also shares a border with Betong District of Thailand. The seat of the district is Gerik, which is also the largest town of the district.

Hulu Perak District
Daerah Hulu Perak
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese上霹雳县
 • Tamilஉலு பேராக்
Location of Hulu Perak District in Perak
Location of Hulu Perak District in Perak
Hulu Perak District is located in Malaysia District
Hulu Perak District
Hulu Perak District
Location of Hulu Perak District in Malaysia
Coordinates: 5°20′N 101°15′E / 5.333°N 101.250°E / 5.333; 101.250Coordinates: 5°20′N 101°15′E / 5.333°N 101.250°E / 5.333; 101.250
Country Malaysia
State Perak
Local area government(s)Gerik District Council
Lenggong District Council
Pengkalan Hulu District Council
(Pengkalan Hulu)
 • District officern/a[1]
 • Total6,560.43 km2 (2,533.00 sq mi)
 • Total89,067
 • Estimate 
 • Density14/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
33100 (Pengkalan Hulu)
33300 (Gerik)
33400 (Lenggong)
Calling code+6-05
Vehicle registration platesA

The highest point of the district is located at Titiwangsa Mountains, with 1,533 m high Ulu Titi Basah peak near the Thai/Malaysian border, and Temenggor Lake.[5]


In 1511, after the fall of the Malacca Sultanate to the Portuguese, Sultan Mahmud Shah retreated and established his government in Bentan. In 1526 the Portuguese attacked his domain again and forced him to retreat to Kampar and to establish his rule there.[citation needed]

At that time, Tun Saban had moved to Upper Patani and stayed at Beredung Budi. He then moved to Belum Forest in Hulu Perak, founded a village at a place called Relap Hati, and became the chief of the peoples in Belum Forest.[citation needed]

For sometime until the 19th century, a good part of this district was under the sovereignty of Siam, as part of the old Malay kingdom of Reman. The area then under Thai control included what is today Gerik, Pengkalan Hulu (Kroh), Kerunai, the Belum forest and the Temenggor Lakes. The capital of Reman was near Pengkalan Hulu.[6]

In 1882, the border between the then-British protected state of Perak and the Siamese vassal state of Reman was delimited at Bukit Nasha, some 5 km south of Gerik town.[citation needed]

An adjustment in 1899 transferred Gerik town and the surrounding commune to the Federated Malay States, which Perak was then part of.[citation needed]

The present-day border, part of the longer Malaysia-Thailand border, was finalised in 1909, when the districts of Pengkalan Hulu, Kerunai, Belukar Semang, Belum and the present-day Temenggor Lakes were transferred to the FMS. The British also gained control of Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu.[citation needed]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map of Hulu Perak District

Hulu Perak District is divided into 10 mukims and three district councils, which are:[7]

The municipalities of Pengkalan Hulu and Lenggong are autonomous subdistricts (daerah kecil).


The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[3]

Ethnic groups in Hulu Perak , 2010 census
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Bumiputera 77,386 86.9%
Chinese 8,628 9.6%
Indian 1,658 1.9%
Others 1,395 1.6%
Total 89,067 100%

Federal Parliament and State Assembly SeatsEdit

List of Hulu Perak district representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

Parliament Seat Name Member of Parliament Party
P54 Gerik VAC
P55 Lenggong Shamsul Anuar Nasarah Barisan Nasional (UMNO)

List of Hulu Perak district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly

Parliament State Seat Name State Assemblyman Party
P54 N01 Pengkalan Hulu Aznel Ibrahim Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
P54 N02 Temengor Salbiah Mohamed Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
P55 N03 Kenering Mohd Tarmizi Idris Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
P55 N04 Kota Tampan Saarani Mohamad Barisan Nasional (UMNO)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah Hulu Perak, Gerik - Pegawai Daerah".
  2. ^ "Rancangan Tempatan Daerah Hulu Perak 2030 (Jilid 1)" (PDF) (in Malay). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Rancangan Struktur Negeri Perak 2040" (PDF). p. 316. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  5. ^ "Gunong Ulu Titi Basah: Thailand". 1994-04-06. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  6. ^ "Perang saudara di Hulu Perak". Utusan Online. Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah Hulu Perak, Gerik - Geografi Daerah".

External linksEdit