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Huitaca or Xubchasgagua was a rebelling goddess in the religion of the Muisca.[1] The Muisca and their confederation were one of the four advanced civilizations of the Americas who inhabited the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Andes. Huitaca has been described by the chroniclers Juan de Castellanos in his Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias,[2] Lucas Fernández de Piedrahita[3] and Pedro Simón.[4]

Huitaca
Witchcraft, sexual liberation,
arts, dance, music and Moon
Member of Muisca religion
Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769).jpg
Huitaca was cursed by Bochica
and turned into an owl
Other names Xubchasgagua
Affiliation Chía
Bachué
Nencatacoa
Chaquén
Animals Owl
Region Altiplano Cundiboyacense
 Colombia
Ethnic group Muisca

Contents

Spellings and namesEdit

DescriptionEdit

Huitaca was the goddess of arts, dance and music,[5][6] witchcraft, sexual liberation and the Moon.[7] According to the Muisca legends Huitaca was a goddess of extreme beauty who praised a life full of joy, games, pleasure and drunkenness who was rebelling against Bochica upon which he turned her into an owl.[1]

Some chroniclers state Huitaca was another name for Moon goddess Chía[8][9] or Bachué, mother goddess of the Muisca.[7]

Huitaca in modern artEdit

Sculptor Julia Merizalde Price has made a sculpture honouring Huitaca, picturing her after the curse of Bochica.[10]
Photographer Carlos Saavedra has made a exposition showing different indigenous women of Colombia in his search for Huitaca.[11]

Named after HuitacaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.45
  2. ^ a b Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.46
  3. ^ a b c Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.47
  4. ^ a b Ocampo López, 2013, Ch. 6, p.48
  5. ^ Ocampo López, 2007, Ch.V, p.221
  6. ^ (in Spanish) 2012 - Huitaca, la diosa muisca en el Palacio Liévano - El Tiempo - accessed 28-04-2016
  7. ^ a b (in Spanish) 2015 - Huitaca y el arquetipo de la diosa rebelde desde la antiguedad hasta nuestros días - accessed 28-04-2016
  8. ^ (in Spanish) Chía: Moon goddess - Pueblos Originarios - accessed 28-04-2016
  9. ^ (in Spanish) Chía: mitos y leyendas - accessed 28-04-2016
  10. ^ (in Spanish) Sculpture Huitaca - accessed 28-04-2016
  11. ^ (in Spanish) 2012 - Las hijas de la diosa chibcha 'Huitaca' - accessed 28-04-2016
  12. ^   Data related to Huitaca at Wikispecies

BibliographyEdit

  • Ocampo López, Javier. 2013. Mitos y leyendas indígenas de Colombia - Indigenous myths and legends of Colombia, 1-219. Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A..
  • Ocampo López, Javier. 2007. Grandes culturas indígenas de América - Great indigenous cultures of the Americas, 1–238. Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A..