Hugh, Earl of Ross

Hugh [probably Gaelic: Aodh], was the third successor of Ferchar mac in tSagairt as Mormaer of Ross (1323–1333).

Hugh de Ross
MormaerdomRoss
SuccessorWilliam III
Bornbef. 1297[1]
Died19 July 1333
Halidon Hill
FamilyRoss
Wives
  • Matilda Bruce
  • Margaret de Graham
FatherWilliam II, Earl of Ross
MotherEuphemia de Berkeley

BiographyEdit

Hugh de Ross was the eldest son and heir of William II, Earl of Ross by his wife Euphemia de Berkeley, or Barclay.

Hugh was a favorite of King Robert I of Scotland, who endowed him with many lands. Hugh even married Robert's sister, Matilda/Maud Bruce (c. 1287 - aft. September 1323), in 1308 in the Orkney Isles. Hugh's young brother, John, married Margaret Comyn, heiress of Buchan (although he died childless).

Marriages and issueEdit

Hugh de Ross married twice:

(1) Matilda (Maud) de Brus, sister of Robert I "the Bruce", King of Scots, and daughter of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale and his wife Marjorie, Countess of Carrick; married in 1308. [2] Hugh and Matilda had several children:

(2) Margaret de Graham, daughter of Sir John de Graham of Abercorn;[6] married by Papal dispensation dated 24 November 1329. [7] Hugh and Margaret had two known children:

  • Hugh de Ross of Rarichies, first of Balnagown; declared heir to the earldom of Ross in 1350; was a hostage for the return of David II King of Scotland from the English in 1351.[8][9]
  • Euphemia de Ross, married (1) John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray and (2) by dispensation (due to affinity) Robert Stewart, Earl of Strathearn, subsequently Robert II, King of Scots (1371–1390) as his second wife. Euphemia is sometimes incorrectly assigned as a daughter of Matilda, but this would have involved consanguinity in the 2nd and 3rd degrees which was not stated in the dispensation for her marriage to Robert Stewart.[10]

Hugh and Margaret are often also assigned a daughter Janet, wife of Sir John de Monymusk.[11] This has been found to be erroneous, as Janet was actually Janet de Barclay, daughter of Margaret de Graham by her 2nd husband, John de Barclay of Gartley.[12] All received prestigious marriage partners, including to the earls of Buchan and Moray, to Maol Íosa IV, Earl of Strathearn and the future king Robert II.

DeathEdit

He was killed along many other Scottish nobles at the Battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333, and was succeeded by his son and successor, William.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Scots Peerage VII:234, cites a reference to a safe-conduct agreement that allowed Hugh to visit his father in prison in 1297.
  2. ^ Scots Peerage VII, p. 236 "He married, first, in 1308, Lady Maud Bruce, sister of the King."
  3. ^ Paul, James Balfour (1910). The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh: David Douglas. p. 7:236-27. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  4. ^ Foundation for Medieval Genealogy https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER.htm#WilliamRossdied1372
  5. ^ Kalendar of Fearn 1364 https://digital.nls.uk/scottish-history-society-publications/browse/archive/127352313?mode=transcription
  6. ^ John P. Ravilious, Queen Euphemia and her ancestry, The Scottish Genealogist, June 2017, vol. LXIV(2) pp. 49-52. Prior publications including J. Balfour Paul's Scots Peerage identify Margaret de Graham in error as a daughter of Sir David Graham of Montrose.
  7. ^ Foundation for Medieval Genealogy https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER.htm#HughRossdied1333B
  8. ^ Paul. Scots Peerage.
  9. ^ Foundation for Medieval Genealogy https://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER.htm#_ftnref40
  10. ^ Robert and Euphemia were related in the 3rd degree of affinity, and 4th degree of consanguinity: Andrew Stuart, Genealogical History of the Stewarts, pp. 420–421
  11. ^ Scots Peerage VII:237, cites Anderson's Dip. Scot., p. lix, and Earldom of Strathern, Nicolas
  12. ^ John P. Ravilious, The Ancestry of Euphemia, Countess of Ross: Heraldry as Genealogical Evidence, The Scottish Genealogist, Vol. LV, No. 1 (March 2008), pp. 33–38

BibliographyEdit

  • Barrow, G.W.S., Robert Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland, (Edinburgh, 1988)
  • Sir James Balfour Paul, Scots Peerage, Vol. VII:234-237
  • John P. Ravilious, The Ancestry of Euphemia, Countess of Ross: Heraldry as Genealogical Evidence, The Scottish Genealogist Vol. LV, No. 1 (March 2008), pp. 33–38
Preceded by Mormaer of Ross
1323–1333
Succeeded by