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In Aztec mythology, Huēhuehcoyōtl ([weːweʔˈkojoːt͡ɬ]) (from huēhueh [ˈweːweʔ] "very old" (literally, "old old") and coyōtl [ˈkojoːt͡ɬ] "coyote" in Nahuatl) is the auspicious Pre-Columbian god of music, dance, mischief, and song. He is the patron of uninhibited sexuality and rules over the day sign in the Aztec calendar named cuetzpallin (lizard) and the fourth trecena Xochitl ("flower" in Nahuatl).[2][3]

God of the arts, lord of music and ceremonial dance, guide of adulthood and adolescence
Member of the Nauhtzonteteo
Huehuecoyotl as depicted in the Codex Borgia[1]
Other namesUeuecoyotl
Ethnic groupAztec (Nahoa)
Personal information
ParentsOmecihuatl (Emerged by Tecpatl)
Siblingsthe Nauhtzonteteo (1,600 gods)

History edit

Stories derived from the Codex Telleriano-Remensis characterized Huehuecóyotl as a benign prankster, whose tricks were often played on other gods or even humans, but tended to backfire and cause more trouble for himself than for the intended victims. A great party-giver, he also was alleged to create wars among humans to relieve his boredom. He was a part of the Tezcatlipoca (Smoky Mirror) family of the Mexica gods and inherited their shapeshifting powers.

Those who had indications of evil fates from other gods would sometimes appeal to Huehuecóyotl to mitigate or reverse their fates. Huehuecóyotl shares many characteristics with the trickster Coyote of the North American tribes, including storytelling and choral singing.[4]

Like all Aztec deities, Huehuecóyotl was dualistic in his exercise of good and evil and was perceived as a balanced god. Depictions of his dark side include a coyote appearance (non-human) with black or yellow feathers, as opposed to the customary green feathers.

He is also the god of deception.[2]

About edit

Day sign Xochitl

Huehuecóyotl (or Ueuecoyotl) is a Mexican mythology deity. He is depicted in the Codex Borbonicus as a dancing coyote with human hands and feet, accompanied by a human drummer. The name "very old coyote" conveyed positive meanings to the Aztecs; coyotes were a symbol of astuteness, worldly wisdom, pragmatism, male beauty, and youthfulness. The prefix "huehue", which in Nahuatl means "very old", was attached to gods in Aztec mythology that were revered for their old age, wisdom, philosophical insights, and connections to the divine. Although Huehuecóyotl often appears in stories as male, he can change gender much like many of the offspring of Tezcatlipoca can. He also can be associated with indulgence, male sexuality, good luck and story-telling. One of his prominent female lovers was Temazcalteci (also Temaxcaltechi), the goddess of bathing and sweat baths (temazcalli), also known as Mexican sauna. Another was Xochiquetzal, the goddess of love, beauty, female sexuality, prostitutes, flowers, and young mothers.

In most depictions of Huehuecóyotl, he is followed by a human drummer or groups of humans that appear to be friendly to him (as opposed to worshiping), which is exceptional in Mesoamerican culture.

The fourth day of the twenty-day calendar cycle belonged to Huehuecóyotl.

References edit

  1. ^ Bodo Spranz (1975). Fondo de Cultura Económica México (ed.). Los Dioses en los Códices Mexicanos del Grupo Borgia: Una Investigación Iconográfica (in Spanish). María Martínez Peñaloza (translator). México. ISBN 968-16-1029-6.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ a b "Article". Aztec Calendar.
  3. ^ "Huehuecóyotl, the Erotic God Worshipped by Mexican Antiquities". The Yucatan Times. 12 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  4. ^ "HUEHUECOYOTL". GodChecker.

External links edit