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Huedin (Hungarian: Bánffyhunyad, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbaːnfihuɲɒd] (About this soundlisten); German: Heynod; Yiddish: הוניוד or הוניאד‎) is a town in Cluj County, Romania.

Huedin

Bánffyhunyad
Skyline of Huedin
Flag of Huedin
Flag
Coat of arms of Huedin
Coat of arms
Huedin is located in Romania
Huedin
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°52′12″N 23°1′48″E / 46.87000°N 23.03000°E / 46.87000; 23.03000Coordinates: 46°52′12″N 23°1′48″E / 46.87000°N 23.03000°E / 46.87000; 23.03000
Country Romania
County Cluj County
StatusTown (oraș)
Government
 • MayorNicolae Chiş (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total61 km2 (24 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total9,346
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.primariahuedin.ro

Huedin is located at the northern edge of the Apuseni Mountains. It is surrounded by the villages of Nearșova, Domoșu, Horlacea and others. The town administers one village, Bicălatu (Magyarbikal). Lately, Huedin has started to be known for its ecotourism initiatives.

Contents

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1930 5,401—    
1948 5,134−4.9%
1966 7,834+52.6%
1977 8,378+6.9%
1992 9,961+18.9%
2002 9,955−0.1%
2011 9,346−6.1%
Source: Census data

The 2011 (census data) of the town's population counted 9346 people, of which 59.32% were ethnic Romanians, 28.88% ethnic Hungarians and 11.45% ethnic Roma.[1]

HistoryEdit

The town of Huedin was founded in the Middle Ages. From 1330 up until 1848, the landlords of the town were the Bánffy family (see the town's Hungarian name of Bánffyhunyad). The town was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1526, Huedin became part of the Principality of Transylvania and, until 1867, of the Grand Duchy of Transylvania.

The town boasts a strong historical Hungarian heritage. On September 26, 1895, Emperor Franz Joseph visited Bánffyhunyad following the end of Hungarian Army manoeuvres in Transylvania and was given an enthusiastic welcome by the townspeople, who built an arch decorated with the region's flowers and plants for the occasion.[2] In 1910, the town's population was 5194, of whom 90.5% spoke Hungarian. At that time, 57.5% were Calvinist, 20.7% Jewish, and 10% Roman Catholic. From 1918 to 1940, the town was part of Romania. From 1940-44, it was again part of Hungary, due to the Second Vienna Award. The town is home to a 13th-century Gothic Reformed Church.

AccessibilityEdit

The town is accessible by CFR trains from Cluj-Napoca and other cities, such as Oradea, Timișoara, Satu Mare, Brașov, Ploiești, Bucharest, and Budapest. Huedin also lies on the line connecting Budapest to Oradea and Cluj-Napoca.

ImagesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Populaţia stabilă după etnie - judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune, National Institute of Statistics; accessed July 15, 2015
  2. ^ Hubmann, Franz, & Wheatcroft, Andrew (editor) (1972). The Habsburg Empire, 1840–1916. London: Routledge & Paul. pp. 292–3. ISBN 0-7100-7230-9.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

External linksEdit