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The Hudson County Park System owns and operates several county parks in Hudson County, New Jersey. It has its roots in the City Beautiful movement around the turn-of-the-twentieth century.[1] The system comprises eight parks[2][3] (the extension of one which includes a golf course) comprising 716.52 acres (290.0 ha). Additionally, the county owns acreage in preservation areas in the New Jersey Meadowlands [4]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
Flag of Hudson County, New Jersey

The City Beautiful movement at the turn of the twentieth century was conceived to revitalize industrialized urban communities and to provide them with public space for recreational activities.[5]

The Hudson County Park Commission was created in 1892 to plan a park and boulevard system like those provided in other cities such as Boston and Newark. (There had been discussions of building a county long road as early as the 1870s.[6]) The first feature the commission initiated was a boulevard that would connect the future parks called Hudson Boulevard (renamed John F. Kennedy Boulevard in the 1960s). It was constructed from 1892 to 1897, under Chief Engineer Edlow W. Harrison, in some places incorporating existing roads and became the county's principal north-south corridor. From Bayonne it wound north 14 miles to the Bergen County line. It was finished a few years later when it turned east in a loop and went south again as (Hudson) Boulevard East along the top edge of the Bergen Hill cliff to end at King's Bluff in Weehawken. In 1908 the State of New Jersey reconstructed the road to "improve and beautify it".[7]

The architects Daniel W. Langton and Charles N. Lowrie were active in the City Beautiful movement of architecture and were founding members of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Lowrie succeeded Langton as Landscape Architect for the Hudson County Park Commission, a position he held for thirty years.[5]

James J. Braddock—North Hudson ParkEdit

 
Woodcliff Lake

The park is in North Hudson (40°47′58″N 73°59′46″W / 40.7995°N 73.9962°W / 40.7995; -73.9962); the collection of municipalities in the northern part of the county; specifically the Woodcliff Section of North Bergen.[8] Its name refers to its location and to honor of James J. Braddock, World Heavy Weight Boxing Champion from 1935 to 1937 and inducted in hall of fame in 2001.[9] who was a lifelong resident of North Bergen.[10] It is roughly bounded by 79th Street to the south, Bergenline Avenue on the west, and Boulevard East to the east and north. The park was created in 1910 and encompasses an area of 167 acres (67.6 ha).[11][12][13] including Woodcliff Lake, the 16 acres (6.5 ha) body of water that is the largest lake in the county.[11] The North Hudson Park UFO sightings occurred on January 12, 1975.[14]

Columbus ParkEdit

Columbus Park is near Hoboken High School on west side of Clinton Street between 9th and 10th Streets (40°44′53″N 74°01′57″W / 40.74809°N 74.032439°W / 40.74809; -74.032439).[15] It is 2.6 acres[3][16] Originally designed by Charles N. Lowrie, who was landscape architect for the Hudson County Parks Department. There is a statue of Christopher Columbus in the center of the park. There is also a memorial dedicated to John A. Sacci, a beloved high school history teacher, who was tragically shot on February 12, 1998. The monument was facilitated by students and to this day, the word "remembrance" is misspelled on the marble monument.

Stephen R. Gregg Park—Bayonne ParkEdit

Stephen R. Gregg Park (40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228), also known as Bayonne Park, is located west of Kennedy Boulevard on Newark Bay in Bayonne. Comprising 97.5 acres,[3] it was originally designed by Charles N. Lowrie, landscape architect for the Hudson County Parks Department. Named for Stephen Raymond Gregg Sr. (September 1, 1914 – February 4, 2005), a Bayonne native and United States Army soldier who received the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.[17] It is a component of he Hackensack RiverWalk.

Laurel HillEdit

Laurel Hill (40°45′33″N 74°05′13″W / 40.759204°N 74.086819°W / 40.759204; -74.086819), better known as Snake Hill, is the newest county park, along the Hackensack River southwest of Secaucus Junction in Secaucus and is part of the New Jersey Meadowlands. Visible from the eastern spur of the New Jersey Turnpike, the rock rises 150 feet (46 m) from the surrounding Meadowlands.[18] It comprises 104.5 acres with potential 100 adjacent acres for expansion.[3]

Lincoln ParkEdit

Lincoln Park (40°43′29″N 74°04′51″W / 40.724640°N 74.080939°W / 40.724640; -74.080939), started in 1905, is in the Bergen Section of Jersey City, New Jersey. The eastern part of the park has an area of 150.4 acres (60.9 ha).[19] Its main entrance is adorned with Lincoln the Mystic.

Lincoln Park West—Skyway Golf CourseEdit

 
Skyway from Lincoln Park

Lincoln Park West comprises 123 acres.[3] The Skyway Golf Course is the only public golf facility in the county.[20] The nine-hole course is along the Hackensack River west of New Jersey Route 440 between Communipaw and Duncan Avenues. The 55 acres (22.3 ha) course was created on a larger site and raised the about 1.2 million cubic yards of soil to an average 25 feet with hills as high as 45 feet.[21][22] It opened in June 2015.[23] Its name is inspired by the Pulaski Skyway.

Mercer ParkEdit

Mercer Park (40°41′21″N 74°05′44″W / 40.689028°N 74.095556°W / 40.689028; -74.095556) was created from the remnants of Curries Woods at the border of Greenville, Jersey City and Bayonne north of the National Docks Secondary rail line. It was named after General Hugh Mercer, a famous American Revolution figure. It was developed during the Works Progress Administration (WPA) era under the New Deal. The park lost much of its land to the city's largest housing authority project in 1959, except a small tract in Bayonne[24] of 6.4 acres.[3]

 
Washington Park

Washington ParkEdit

Washington Park (40°45′10″N 74°02′41″W / 40.752811°N 74.044714°W / 40.752811; -74.044714) straddles Jersey City Heights and Union City along their border on Paterson Plank Road. It comprises 21 acres (8.5 ha)west of Palisade Avenue. Much of the park was laid-out during the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s.[25]

West Hudson ParkEdit

 
West Hudson Park

West Hudson Park (40°45′35″N 74°08′43″W / 40.7597°N 74.1454°W / 40.7597; -74.1454) is located in the West Hudson communities of Harrison and Kearny. It was originally designed by Charles N. Lowrie. It comprises 43.4 acres.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Muirheid, Walter G. (1 March 1910). "The Park System of Hudson County, New Jersey, The Park System of Hudson County, New Jersey". The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 35 (2): 57–63. doi:10.1177/000271621003500208.
  2. ^ "A Path Through Hudson County, New Jersey Parks". Myhudsoncounty.com. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Hudson County Park Master Plan". Hudson County. November 1998. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  4. ^ https://meri.njmeadowlands.gov/mesic/title-page-2/
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2018-07-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "The old and the New - The Opposition and the Proposed Route" (PDF). The New York Times. August 12, 1873. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
  7. ^ A. G. Lichtenstein & Associates, Inc. for NJDOT and FHWA (2001). "Historic Bridge Survey (1991–1994)". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  8. ^ https://www.nj.gov/dep/greenacres/pdf/NBergen_Full_Appendix.pdf
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "James J. Braddock North Hudson Park". Vegahasclass.wordpress.com. 12 December 2014.
  11. ^ a b "North Bergen's famous lake is receiving a makeover". Eu.northjersey.com.
  12. ^ "Hudson County Maps Huge Park Project". Nytimes.com.
  13. ^ "UFOs piranhas trains and odd ducks Two hours in the life of North Hudson Braddock Park - James J. Braddock Park in North Bergen has seen some unusual occurrences since it was established in 1910 – from a famous UFO sighting in 1975 to people findi." Hudsonreporter.com. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Want to see a UFO? Try North Bergen". Nj.com.
  15. ^ "Columbus Park - Formerly Hudson County Park, Hoboken. Covers the block from Ninth to Tenth Streets and Willow to beyond Clinton St. which is interrupted by the park. Once commonly called Tenth Street Park on maps and in publications". Hoboken.pastperfectonline.com. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  16. ^ [2][dead link]
  17. ^ "Bayonne pond work part of Hudson's $1.7M parks upgrades". Nj.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  18. ^ Laurel Hill Park, Secaucus, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed July 15, 2018.
  19. ^ "Lincoln Park". Njcu.edu. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  20. ^ "The Skyway Golf Course at Lincoln Park West – Golf Jersey City, NJ". Skywaygolfcourse.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  21. ^ "Not rich? Hudson County building affordable public golf course in Jersey City". Nj.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Construction of new nine-hole course in Jersey City close to completion". Golfcoursearchitecture.net. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  23. ^ Heinis, John (12 June 2015). "Hudson County officials gather in Jersey City for public golf course ribbon cutting - Hudson County View". Hudsoncountyview.com. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  24. ^ Curries Woods Archived 2009-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Washington Park". Njcu.edu. Retrieved 29 June 2018.