Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff Sr. (a.k.a. Hubert Wolfstern, Hubert B. Wolfe + 666 Sr., Hubert Blaine Wolfe+585 Sr., and Hubert Blaine Wolfe+590 Sr., among others) is the abbreviated name of a German-born American typesetter who has held the record for the longest personal name ever used. Hubert's name is made up from 27 names. Each of his 26 given names starts with a different letter of the English alphabet in alphabetical order; these are followed by an enormously long single-word surname. The exact length and spelling of his name has been a subject of considerable confusion due in part to its various renderings over the years, many of which are plagued by typographical errors. One of the longest and most reliable published versions, with a 666-letter surname, is as follows:
Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff Sr.
|Died||24 October 1997 (aged 83)|
|Children||Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff Jr., Timothy Wayne Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff|
Adolph Blaine Charles David Earl Frederick Gerald Hubert Irvin John Kenneth Lloyd Martin Nero Oliver Paul Quincy Randolph Sherman Thomas Uncas Victor William Xerxes Yancy Zeus Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorffwelchevoralternwarengewissenhaftschaferswessenschafewarenwohlgepflegeundsorgfaltigkeitbeschutzenvorangreifendurchihrraubgierigfeindewelchevoralternzwolfhunderttausendjahresvorandieerscheinenvonderersteerdemenschderraumschiffgenachtmittungsteinundsiebeniridiumelektrischmotorsgebrauchlichtalsseinursprungvonkraftgestartseinlangefahrthinzwischensternartigraumaufdersuchennachbarschaftdersternwelchegehabtbewohnbarplanetenkreisedrehensichundwohinderneuerassevonverstandigmenschlichkeitkonntefortpflanzenundsicherfreuenanlebenslanglichfreudeundruhemitnichteinfurchtvorangreifenvorandererintelligentgeschopfsvonhinzwischensternartigraum Sr.
Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff was born in Bergedorf (now part of Hamburg), Germany, and later emigrated to the United States, settling in Philadelphia. His birthdate has been given as February 29, 1904, but he was also reported to be age 47 in a 1964 wire story, and Philadelphia County death records list a birthdate of August 4, 1914. He became a typesetter according to Bennett Cerf.
His name first attracted attention when it appeared in the 1938 Philadelphia telephone directory on page 1292, column 3, line 17,: 140 and in a court order of judge John Boyle of May 25, 1938: "Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff, Jr., etc., vs. Yellow Cab Co., petition for compromise settlement granted"—with speculation that the case was settled because "they couldn't pronounce it".: 150
A son, Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff Jr., was born in Philadelphia in 1952, and was able to pronounce his surname by age three. Family letterhead used the form "Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff".
When Inquirer journalist Frank Brookhouser omitted the letter "u" in reporting a 1952 Philadelphia voter registration under the 35-letter version of the surname, Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff's prompt correction was carried by Time and passed on to other outlets. Philadelphia's business computers used an abbreviated form on the city's voting registration books; the utility company, however, when told he would not pay his bill unless his name was right, began spelling it properly, on three lines. Brookhouser later responded by tributing the correctly spelled Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff as the exemplar Philadelphian named in the first sentence of his Our Philadelphia, comparing him to another local typesetter, Benjamin Franklin:
Philadelphia, home of Hubert B. Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff, Sr.—like Benjamin Franklin a typesetter—and 2,071,604 other residents according to the last official census in 1950, is the third largest city in the United States of America and the biggest small town in the world.
The executive secretary-treasurer of the American Name Society also provided a 163-letter spelling of the surname: "Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorffvoralternwarengewissenhaftschaferswessenschaftswarenwohlgefutternundsorgfaltigkeitbeschutzenvorangreifendurchihrraubgierigfiends", stating that this was his "full name as given ... at birth on the envelope". This spelling was reproduced verbatim by the Maryland and Delaware Genealogist.
In 1964, a widely reprinted Associated Press wire story reported that the IBM 7074 computer at the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. could process one million policies but refused to handle that of Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff, which was specially processed by hand. He explained to reporter Norman Goldstein, "When somebody calls my name, I don't have any trouble finding out who they mean ... I don't like being part of the common herd." The article includes a 666-letter version of the surname, though individual newspapers which ran it made numerous typographical errors, making it difficult to ascertain which renderings (if any) are correct.
Logologist Dmitri Borgmann devoted several pages to the unusually long name in his 1965 book Language on Vacation. According to Borgmann, the name had never before appeared correctly and in full in any book, and its bearer himself usually signed his name as "Hubert B. Wolfe + 666, Sr.". The long-form version reproduced in Language on Vacation is said to have come from Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff's 1963 Christmas card, and to be the form in which it was submitted to the Associated Press for publication.
Onomastician Elsdon C. Smith, writing in Treasury of Name Lore, provides a 161-letter version of the surname, "Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorffvoralternwarengewissenhaftschaferswessenschafswarenwohlgefutternundsorgfalugkeitbeschutzenvorangreifendurchihrraubgierigfeinds", but noted that its holder used only the 35-letter version in correspondence with him. Smith affirmed the personal name was the longest in the United States but implied that Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff was a publicity seeker for adopting it.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff appeared in the Guinness Book of World Records as having the longest personal name, and was photographed for the book in front of a New York City marquee displaying his name, once again misspelled. He also made personal appearances in television shows based on the Guinness Book. By 1983, only the 35-letter form of the name appeared in the book. Various editions claimed he had recently shortened his surname to "Wolfe+585, Senior" or to "Wolfe+590, Senior". By the 1990 edition, the "longest name" category had disappeared altogether.
Origin and translation of surnameEdit
Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff claimed that his great-grandfather composed the surname in the 19th century, when German Jews were obliged to take a second name. In some printings of the above-noted AP wire story, Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff himself provided the following explanation of his prodigious surname:
It tells a story of a wolf-killer, a resident of a stonehouse in a village, whose ancestors were conscientious shepherds whose sheep were well fed and carefully guarded against attack by ferocious enemies and whose ancestors 1,200,000 years before the first earth man, in a space ship made with tungsten and seven iridium motors and using light as a source of power, started a long journey across interstellar space, searching for a star around which was an inhabitable planet where they could establish a new race of intelligent mankind and where they would live long, happy lives and be free from attack by other intelligentsia from the outer space from whence they came.
Dmitri Borgmann, a fellow emigrant from Germany, held that the 666-letter version of the surname was untranslatable due to its numerous grammatical and spelling errors, but offered his own paraphrase:
Ages ago, there were conscientious shepherds whose sheep were well tended and carefully protected against attack by their rapacious enemies. Twelve hundred thousand years ago there appeared before these first earthmen, at night, a spaceship powered by seven stone and iridium electric motors. It had originally been launched on its long trip into stellar space in the search for neighboring stars that might have planets revolving about them that were inhabitable and on which planets a new race of intelligent humanity might propagate itself and rejoice for life, without fear of attack by other intelligent beings from interstellar space.
The New Dictionary of American Family Names translates the 35-letter form as "a descendant of Wolfeschlegelstein (one who prepared wool for manufacture on a stone), of the house of Bergerdorf (mountain village)"; the Fairleigh Dickinson University Names Institute gives "wolf slayer who lives in the stone house in the mountain village".
- Donaudampfschiffahrtselektrizitätenhauptbetriebswerkbauunterbeamtengesellschaft, the name of a supposed suborganization of the Donaudampfschiffahrtsgesellschaft, in Vienna, Austria, that the Guinness Book of World Records of 1999 said was the longest published word found in the German language
- Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, the name of a large village and community on the island of Anglesey in Wales that is the longest place name in Europe and the second longest official one-word place name in the world.
- Rinderkennzeichnungs- und Rindfleischetikettierungsüberwachungsaufgabenübertragungsgesetz, the name of a state law in Germany (passed in 1999, repealed in 2013) that exhibited an extreme degree of the type of compounding of nouns that can occur in Germanic languages
- Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu, the Māori name for a hill in New Zealand
- Mary Abigail Kawenaʻulaokalaniahiʻiakaikapoliopelekawahineʻaihonuaināleilehuaapele Wiggin Pukui, a Hawaiian scholar, author, composer, hula expert and educator
- Jugemu, Japanese folk-tale about a boy with a ridiculously long given name
- John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt, a U.S. and Canada traditional children's song about a person with a long Germanic name
- Johann Gambolputty de von Ausfern-schplenden-schiltter-crasscrenbon-fried-digger-dingle-dangle-dongle-dungle-burstein-von-knacker-thrasher-apple-banger-horowitz-ticolensic-grander-knotty-spelltinkle-grandlich-grumblemeyer-spelterwasser-kurstlich-himbleeisen-bahnwagen-gutenabend-bitte-ein-nürnburger-bratwustle-gerspurten-mitz-weimache-luber-hundsfut-gumeraber-shönendanker-kalbsfleisch-mittler-aucher von Hautkopft of Ulm, a character in a sketch from the Monty Python's Flying Circus episode "It's the Arts".
- Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache
- Goldstein, Norman (June 25, 1964). "What's in A Name? 666 Letters". The Free-Lance Star.
- "The Record Breakers". Radio Times. London: BBC Magazines. 208 (2701). 1975-08-14. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
- Borgmann, Dmitri A. (1965). Language on Vacation: An Olio of Orthographical Oddities. Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 150–151.
- McWhirter, Norris (1984). Guinness Book of World Records 1985. Bantam Books. p. 197. ISBN 0-553-24805-7.
- Lutz, Bobbie (1969-05-21). "What's in a Name? Maybe a Problem—If the Moniker's Bolivar Shagnasty". The Amarillo Globe-Times. p. 9. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
- Hook, J.N. (1991). All Those Wonderful Names: A Potpourri of People, Places, and Things. John Wiley & Sons. p. 151.
- "Hubert Wolfstern Death Record". MooseRoots. Graphiq. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- Cerf, Bennett (1959-10-19). "Try and Stop Me". Delta Democrat-Times. Archived from the original on 2019-09-24. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Wiedersheim, William A. (1938). "The Shingle - Google Books". The Shingle. Philadelphia Bar Association.
- "Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergderorff". Gettysburg Times. 1955-07-23. Archived from the original on 2019-09-24. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- "Typo". Time. 1952-09-01. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Vaughn, Bill (1954-01-18). "Target Practice". Marion Star. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- "Article". Albuquerque Journal. 1955-06-03. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Brookhouser, Frank (1957). Our Philadelphia: A Candid and Colorful Portrait of a Great City. Doubleday. pp. 3, 224.
- Kramer, Fritz L. (1960). "Names Not Brief". Names: A Journal of Onomastics. American Name Society: 87–88.
- Clark, Raymond B (1959). The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist. p. 73.
- Borgmann, Dmitri A. (February 1968). "The Longest Word". Word Ways: The Journal of Recreational Linguistics. Greenwood Periodicals. 1 (1): 33–35. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- Smith, Elsdon Coles (1967). Treasury of Name Lore. New York: Harper & Row. p. 112. LCCN 67-11352.
This must be the longest name in the United States and will likely remain so until the next seeker after publicity adopts a longer one.
- McWhirter, Norris (1980-11-01). Guinness Book of World Records 1981. Sterling Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 0-8069-0196-9.
- "Frost Presents World Records". Florence Morning News. 1974-07-26. p. 60. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
- McWhirter, Norris (1989). Guinness Book of World Records 1990.
- Brandreth, Gyles Daubeney (1980). The Joy of Lex: How to Have Fun with 860,341,500 Words. William Morrow and Company. p. 240.
- Botham, Noel (2006). The Book of Useless Information. Perigee Books. p. 65.
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- "What's in A Name? Ask Him". The Tuscaloosa. June 25, 1964.
- Smith, Elsdon Coles (1973). New Dictionary of American Family Names. Harper & Row. p. 558. ISBN 9780060139339.
- McMullen, Edwin Wallace (2002). Names New and Old: Papers of the Names Institute. Fairleigh Dickinson University Names Institute. pp. 263–264.
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