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Huaral is a town in central Peru, capital of the Huaral Province in the Department of Lima.

Huaral
Huaral Plaza Principal 2012.jpg
Julio Lores Colan.jpg
Municipalidad Peru Lima Huaral.jpg
VirgenMercedes Jesus del Valle.jpg
SanJuanBautistaHuaral20110001.jpg
Antigua Hacienda Huando en Huaral 01.jpg
Flag of Huaral
Flag
Official seal of Huaral
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Capital de la Agricultura" (Capital of the Agriculture)
Huaral is located in Peru
Huaral
Huaral
Coordinates: 11°30′S 77°12′W / 11.500°S 77.200°W / -11.500; -77.200
Country Peru
RegionLima
ProvinceHuaral
DistrictHuaral
Government
 • MayorJaime Uribe Ochoa
(2019-2022)
Elevation
188 m (617 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Total99,915
Demonym(s)Huaralino/a
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)
Websitewww.munihuaral.gob.pe

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Regarding the origin of the word huaral, there are two hypotheses:

  • The first corresponds to historian Jesus Elias Ipinze, who affirms that the word huaral, comes from the name of a main cacique of the town called Martín Guaral Paico, in the middle of the 16th century. From what it follows, guaral would have subsequently derived in huaral.
  • The second hypothesis corresponds to archaeologist Julio C. Tello, who visited Huaral, for reasons of carrying out archaeological investigations. Tello affirms that the name of Huaral comes from the corruption of the Aymara words huaralí, huararo, huararí or huallalí.[2]

GeographyEdit

Huaral is a geographical territory which lies north of the capital of Peru, located 80 km (50 mi) north of Lima, but starting its territory by the coast side at kilometer 58 of the North Panamerican Highway, in the middle of the "Serpentín de Pasamayo".

The territory of the city includes the coastal strip comprising all the Chancay valley to the high peaks of Vichaycocha, the source of the Chackal or Pasacmayo "Moon River".

HistoryEdit

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the town was a community of ayllus, that the Spanish called "Guaral Viejo".

Huaral was founded on March 21, 1551 by the Spanish, being Viceroy of Peru Antonio de Mendoza[3], as "Settlement of the Indies". By then, the name of the town was "San Juan de Guaral". After the establishment, its hegemony became more solid and dedicated from then to agriculture, achieving in the course of the colony commercial development.

However, it was dependent as an annex of Chancay but as time passed, its natural progress placed the town in the capacity to become independent from Chancay, a situation that was recognized by President Remigio Morales Bermúdez who decrees the creation of San Juan de Huaral on October 31, 1890. Nevertheless, the installation of the first municipality took place on April 1, 1893, three years after the town's creation.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
  2. ^ "Origin of the name Huaral". joveneshuaral.blogspot.com (in Spanish). Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  3. ^ "History of Huaral". munihuaral.gob.pe (in Spanish). Provincial Municipality of Huaral. 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "Huaral District celebrates 123th anniversary of political creation today". lajornada-huacho.blogspot.com (in Spanish). October 31, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2019.

Coordinates: 11°30′S 77°12′W / 11.500°S 77.200°W / -11.500; -77.200