Hualien City (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Huālián Shì; Hokkien POJ: Hoa-lian-chhī or Hoa-liân-chhī) is a county-administered city and the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 106,368 inhabitants.
|• Type||County-controlled city|
|• Mayor||Wei Chia-hsien (KMT)|
|• Total||29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (CST)|
Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was called "Kiray" (Chinese: 奇萊; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi) until the early twentieth century. This name refers to the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement.
After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change the name because "Kiray" is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い kirai). The name was eventually changed to Karen Harbour (Japanese: 花蓮港 Hepburn: Karenkō). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang-led Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling but shortened the name to just Karen (花蓮), or Hualien via Chinese romanization.
The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan.
Settlements in the area remained small by the start of Japanese rule. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua (國華) and Guoan (國安) Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港街). In 1920, Karenkō Town (花蓮港街) was established, and around 1923 it was extended to Riran Port (鯉浪港), today known as "New Port" (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1940, the town was upgraded to Karenkō City, Karenkō Prefecture.
On 25 October 1945, Taiwan was handed over from Japan to the Republic of China under Kuomintang government. In January 1946, the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien City a county-controlled city of Hualien County and to be the county seat, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).
Hualien experiences a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with frequent cyclones so not equatorial. It closely borders on a humid subtropical climate. The city experiences significant rainfall year round and the temperature there averages 23.4 °C (74.1 °F). Precipitation in the city averages 2,177 mm (85.7 in). January is the city's driest month, while September tends to be the wettest.
|Climate data for Hualien (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||29.6
|Average high °C (°F)||21.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.0
|Average low °C (°F)||15.4
|Record low °C (°F)||4.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||62.2
|Average rainy days||13.7||15.7||15.1||14.5||15.5||12.6||8.2||10.1||14.3||13.0||11.7||9.9||154.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76.0||78.3||78.8||79.6||80.3||81.2||77.9||78.2||79.2||76.2||74.8||73.2||77.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||70.2||64.5||82.4||92.6||119.5||162.7||246.5||224.3||152.0||120.8||90.5||77.9||1,503.9|
|Source: Central Weather Bureau|
The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)
- The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minde (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
- The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
- The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
- The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
- The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
- The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)
The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.
Hualien City has 9,000 aboriginal people, making it the city with the largest aboriginal population in Taiwan. The majority of the aborigines that reside in Hualien include the Amis, Atayal, Truku and Bunun. Hualien City is also the most densely populated area in Hualien county.
There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools.
- National Dong Hwa University, Meilun campus
- Tzu Chi University
- Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology
Hualien City is the center of politics, economy and transportation of Hualien County. Hualien City is the center of import and export trading due to its strategic location within the county and its proximity to airport and major harbor. It also has rich tourism industries, ranging from tourist objects, accommodations etc. One of its ingenious industry is the local stone art cultural industry.
- Hualien Tzu Chi Medical Center (First Medical Center in Eastern Taiwan)
- Mennonite Christian Hospital
- Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Execusive Yuan
- Dongdamen Night Market
- Hualien Baseball Stadium
- Hualien County Stone Sculptural Museum
- Hualien Cultural and Creative Industries Park
- Hualien Martyrs' Shrine
- Hualien Railway Culture Park
- Pine Garden
- North Beach Park (Beibin Park)
- South Beach Park and Night Market (Nanbin Park)
- Meilun Mountain Park
- Hualien Fish Market
- Old Railroad Cultural Shopping Street
- Rock Street
- Jing Si Hall (Meditation Hall) of the Tzu Chi Foundation
- Al-Falah Hualien Mosque
- Gong Tian Temple
- Ulsan, South Korea (1982)
- Yonaguni, Okinawa, Japan (1982)
- Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States (1983)
- Bellevue, Washington, United States (1984)
- Oudtshoorn, South Africa (1985)
- Takachiho, Miyazaki, Japan (2005)
- Santa Maria, Laguna, Philippines (2006)
- Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands, United States (2007)
- Kashipur, Uttarakhand, India (2016)
- "KMT's Wei wins Hualien by-election - Taipei Times".
- 撒奇萊雅族_認識本族. TAIWAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CULTURE PARK (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- 台灣旅遊景點地圖 - 花蓮縣花蓮市旅遊景點介紹. 旅遊資訊王TravelKing. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- Stanisław Kałużyński, ed. (1996). Przegląd orientalistyczny. Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne. 177-184: 202. ISSN 0033-2283. Missing or empty