Howard Thurston (July 20, 1869 – April 13, 1936) was a stage magician from Columbus, Ohio, United States. His childhood was unhappy, and he ran away to join the circus, where his future partner Harry Kellar also performed. Thurston was deeply impressed after he attended magician Alexander Herrmann's magic show and was determined to equal his work. He eventually became the most famous magician of his time. Thurston's traveling magic show was the biggest one of all; it was so large that it needed eight train cars to transport his road show.
1914 promotional poster
July 20, 1869|
Columbus, Ohio, United States
|Died||April 13, 1936
Miami, Florida, United States
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
Howard Thurston was born July 20, 1869, in Columbus, Ohio. He was the middle son of William and Margaret Thurston. His father William Henry Thurston was a wheelwright and carriage maker who served briefly as a private during the Civil War in the Third Ohio Regiment. His mother Margaret (Cloude), was the daughter of an Ohio farmer. He attended Mount Hermon School for Boys in Northfield, Massachusetts, class of 1893. Among his fellow students were Lee de Forest, "The Father of American Radio," and musical humorist Charles Ross Taggart, "The Old Country Fiddler."
The King of CardsEdit
He is still famous for his work with playing cards. According to legend, a Mexican magician appeared at a magic shop owned by Otto Maurer in New York City. The enigmatic magician demonstrated how he could make cards disappear, one by one, at his fingertips.
Maurer showed Thurston the move, which he would later feature in his act. He added the "Rising Cards" trick from Professor Hoffman’s Modern Magic, the book from which Thurston had learned the rudiments of magic. For this trick, he would walk into the audience and ask several people to choose cards from a deck of cards. The deck was shuffled and placed into a clear glass. Thurston would then call for the chosen cards. One by one the cards would rise up to the top of the deck.
Thurston arranged an impromptu audition with Leon Herrmann, nephew of Alexander Herrmann. His performance fooled Leon. From that point on he called himself "The man that fooled Herrmann" and used the publicity to get booked into top vaudeville houses in the U.S. and Europe, billing himself as the King of Cards.
Thurston became well known for performing a floating lady illusion known as the "Levitation of Princess Karnac". The illusion was originally performed by John Nevil Maskelyne and most famously by Harry Kellar.
Magic historian Jim Steinmeyer has written that "In Thurston's hands, the Levitation of Princess Karnac became a masterpiece. The beautiful trick was perfectly suited to Thurston's lyrical baritone." By 1908, the levitation illusion was sought by famous magicians. It was duplicated by Charles Joseph Carter on a world tour and had interested the magician Chung Ling Soo.
Thurston continued presenting the Thurston–Kellar Show following the retirement of Kellar. He continued presenting for about thirty-five years until, on March 30, 1936, he suffered a stroke from a cerebral hemorrhage. He died on April 13 at his Oceanside apartment in Miami Beach, Florida. His death was attributed to pneumonia. He is entombed at Green Lawn Abbey, a mausoleum in Columbus, Ohio.
In the history of magic, perhaps Thurston's greatest legacy is his inclusion in a line of magicians dubbed the "Royal Dynasty" of magicians. This Royal Dynasty has maintained continuity since Harry Kellar by the ceremoniously passing of the "Mantle of Magic". In order, they include Harry Kellar, Thurston (1908-1936), Dante (1936-1955), Lee Grabel (1955-1994) and Lance Burton (1994-Present). Thurston is quoted as a subject matter expert in Dale Carnegie's book How to Win Friends and Influence People. He appears in Part Two, Chapter One ("Do This and You'll Be Welcome Anywhere"), on pages 67-68 of the original text.
- Revealing the Mysteries of Magic, an exposure of the methods of the Egyptian conjuror Tahra Bey. The Day (January, 1926)
- Thurston, Howard. The Truth About Indian Magic. Popular Mechanics (April, 1927)
- Thurston, Howard. Magic and How It Is Made. Popular Mechanics (October, 1927)
- Sevilla, Julio. "Howard Thurston (1869-1936)". All about magicians.com. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Steinmeyer, Jim (2011). "The Last Great Magician in the World: Howard Thurston versus Houdini & the battles of the American wizards". New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, a member of Penguin Group.
- Boyce, Adam R. The Man from Vermont: Charlie Taggart, the Old Country Fiddler. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2013. ISBN 9781626192119. Google Books. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Steinmeyer, Jim (2004). Hiding the Elephant. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-7867-1401-8.
- "Howard Thurston (1869-1936)." Archived 2014-03-18 at the Wayback Machine. www.all-about-magicians.com. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Pritchard, William Thomas. (1958). This is Magic: Secrets of the Conjurer's Craft. Citadel Press. p. 98 "In America, the Maskelyne Levitation was staged by Harry Kellar, who entitled it "The Levitation of Princess Karnac." Later, the illusion passed to Howard Thurston, who brought it back to England when he toured this country."
- Price, David. (1985). Magic: A Pictorial History of Conjurers in the Theater. Cornwall Books. p. 147. ISBN 978-0845347386
- Steinmeyer, Jim. (2006). The Glorious Deception: The Double Life of William Robinson, aka Chung Ling Soo, the Marvelous Chinese Conjurer. Da Capo Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0786717705
- "Leading American Illusionist Had Vast Repertoire, but Liked Card Tricks Best. Headed Last Big Show of Kind Played Before Royalty. Studied for Ministry". New York Times. April 14, 1936. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
Howard Thurston, the magician, died here today at the age of 66. Pneumonia, following a cerebral hemorrhage suffered on March 30, caused his death
- "Thurston Dies Of Pneumonia At Miami Beach". Washington Post. April 14, 1936. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
Howard Thurston, the man who produced living things from nowhere and made them disappear again in thin air, passed through the curtain of death here today.
- "Thurston, Peer of Magic, Dies in Miami". Chicago Tribune. April 14, 1936. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
Howard Thurston, the magician, who died yesterday in Miami Beach, Fla., ...
- Myers, David; Walker, Elise Meyers. (2015). Wicked Columbus, Ohio. The History Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-1626199224
- 1888-1955., Carnegie, Dale, (2015-01-01). How to win friends and influence people. Magdalene Press. ISBN 9781897384558. OCLC 936559159.
- Steinmeyer, Jim (2011). The Last Greatest Magician in the World: Howard Thurston Versus Houdini & the Battles of the American Wizards. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, a member of Penguin Group. ISBN 978-1-58542-845-8. OCLC 646111788.
- Thurston, Grace; William L. Rhode; Charles Holzmueller (2006). My Magic Husband: Howard Thurston Unmasked. [United States]: Phil Temple Publication. OCLC 70700027.
- Worthington, Thomas Chew. (1938). Recollections of Howard Thurston: Conjurer, Illusionist and Author. (With an introduction by Henry Ridgely Evans). Baltimore.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Howard Thurston.|
- "Howard Thurston". Magician. Find a Grave. Apr 22, 1999. Retrieved Aug 17, 2011.
- "ThurstonMasterMagician.com - The #1 Source For Howard Thurston Information."
- on YouTube
- Howard Thurston Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Digital Howard" Classic Schemes
- Howard Thurston on IMDb
- Howard Thurston posters, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts