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The House of Silva (English pron.: /ˈSill-vah'/) is a Royal aristocratic family of Spanish and Portuguese origin.

House of Silva
Silva.JPG
Origin
Region of originPortugal, Spain
Other names
Variant(s)House of Silva
House of Alba
House of Savoy


Contents

HistoryEdit

Juan de Mena's Memorias de algunos linages antiguos e nobles de Castilla, a work of the first half of the 15th century that is much prone to giving families mythical ancestries, would make the Silva "very old and noble knights and noblemen of high rank," while some writings claimed for them descent from the mythical Latin kings of Alba Longa (and hence from Aeneas of Troy). Mena also claims that a member of the family fought with Pelagius of Asturias.[1] Luis de Salazar y Castro repeated these and other similar traditions of ancient Italian origin in his Historia genealógica de la Casa de Silva, published in 1685, as well as another equally unfounded derivation from the royal house of Asturias.[2]

In Portugal, one branch of the family came to hold Vagos, Tentugal and Boarceos. One of this line, Diego Gomes de Silva, was appointed alfarez mayor in 1416.[3] Of his line came Ruy Gómez de Silva, one of the nobles of the court of Philip II of Spain, making Ruy Silva the Prince of Éboli, Duke of Pastrana, Duke of Estremera, and Count of Melito.

A branch of the family became established in the Crown of Castile, after Arias Gomes de Silva was named Prince of Córdoba. His son Alfonso Tenorio Silva intermarried with the city's gentry to establish his family as one of the most powerful in the city, as well as serving in the courts of successive Trastámara monarchs.[4] His son Juan Silva was made Count of Cifuentes, while younger branches of the Silva family were lords of Montemayor and Corral.

Although the House of Silva branches out into several title-held families, the reigning Silva family resides in Córdoba, Spain, entitled to the royal peerage.

Royal branchesEdit

  • Juan de Silva y de Meneses, (1399 - 27 de septiembre de 1464), I Count of Cifuentes in April 1456.
  • Alfonso de Silva y Acuña (o Vasques da Cunha), II Count of Cifuentes, h. 1430.
  • Juan de Silva y (Rodríguez) de Castañeda, III Count of Cifuentes, born h. 1450.
  • Fernando de Silva y Álvarez de Toledo, IV Count of Cifuentes, h. 1480 - 1546.
  • Juan de Silva y Andrade, (h. 1510 - 27 of April in 1556), V Count of Cifuentes.
  • Fernando de Silva y de Monroy (154_ - 21 of May inb 1590), VI Count of Cifuentes.
  • Juan Baltasar de Silva y de la Cerda, of a second marriage, (6 of January 1581 - 21 of January 1602) VII Count of Cifuentes. Married twice, without succession.

Succession via female branch:

  • Ana de Silva y de La Cerda, VIII Countess of Cifuentes, sister of Juan Baltasar, VII Count of Cifuentes, born in Milan, (Italy), in 1587, married in 1603 with Juan de Padilla y Acuña, II conde de Santa Gadea but died 29 of March 1606. Without succession.
  • Pedro de Silva, called under the name of Pedro Ruiz-Girón y Pacheco de Silva, died in 1625, IX Count of Cifuentes, married twice, had children:
  • Alonso José de Silva y Girón, died in November 1644, considered the X Count of Cifuentes.

Silva Descendants

Dukes of HíjarEdit

 
Doña María del Rosario Silva, Duchess of Alba de Tormes, 9th Marquise of San Vicente del Barco, Grandee of Spain (Madrid, Spain; 4 April 1900 – 11 January 1934)

The Marquess of Santa Cruz

 
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
24 January 1822 – 30 January 1822
MonarchFerdinand VI
Personal details
Born
José Gabriel Silva y Waldstein
NationalitySpanish
Titular Periodo
Creación por Fernando "El Católico"
I Juan Fernández de Híjar y Cabrera 1483-1493
II Luis Fernández de Híjar y Beaumont 1493-1517
III Juan Francisco Fernández de Híjar 1599-1614
IV Isabel Margarita Fernández de Híjar y Castro-Pinós 1614-1642
V Jaime Francisco Sarmiento de Silva 1642-1700
VI Juana Petronila Silva y Aragón 1700-1710
VII Isidro Francisco Fernández Silva de Híjar y Portugal 1710-1749
VIII Joaquín Diego Silva y Moncada 1749-1758
IX Pedro de Alcántara Fernández de Híjar y Abarca de Bolea 1758-1808
X Agustín Pedro Silva y Palafox 1808-1817
XI Francisca Javiera Silva y Fitz-James Stuart 1817-1818
XII José Rafael Silva Fernández de Híjar y Portugal 1818-1863
XIII Cayetano Silva y Fernández de Córdoba 1863-1865
XIV Agustín Silva y Bernu 1865-1872
XV Alfonso Silva y Campbell 1872-1929
XVI Alfonso Silva y Fernández de Córdoba 1929-1956
XVII María del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva 1956-2013
XVIII Alfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart 2013-Actual holder of the Title

Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva had 2 children. One of them, Alfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 16th Duke of Aliaga, 19th duke of Hijar (born 22 October 1950, Madrid), married Princess María de la Santísima Trinidad of Hohenlohe-Langenburg on July 4, 1977, who he later divorced.

SuccessorsEdit

  • Juan de Silva y de Meneses, (1399 - 27 de septiembre de 1464), I Count of Cifuentes in April 1456.
  • Alfonso de Silva y Acuña (o Vasques da Cunha), II Count of Cifuentes, h. 1430.
  • Juan de Silva y (Rodríguez) de Castañeda, III Count of Cifuentes, born h. 1450.
  • Fernando de Silva y Álvarez de Toledo, IV Count of Cifuentes, h. 1480 - 1546.
  • Juan de Silva y Andrade, (h. 1510 - 27 of April in 1556), V Count of Cifuentes.
  • Fernando de Silva y de Monroy (154_ - 21 of May inb 1590), VI Count of Cifuentes.
  • Juan Baltasar de Silva y de la Cerda, of a second marriage, (6 of January 1581 - 21 of January 1602) VII Count of Cifuentes. Married twice, without succession.
  • Ana de Silva y de La Cerda, VIII Countess of Cifuentes, sister of Juan Baltasar, VII Count of Cifuentes, born in Milan, (Italy), in 1587, married in 1603 with Juan de Padilla y Acuña, II conde de Santa Gadea but died 29 of March 1606. Without succession.
  • Pedro de Silva, called under the name of Pedro Ruiz-Girón y Pacheco de Silva, died in 1625, IX Count of Cifuentes, married twice.
  • Alonso José de Silva y Girón, died in November 1644, considered the X Count of Cifuentes.

The family owns the Ducal Palace of Pastrana, where Ruy Gómez de Silva, the first Prince of Éboli, resided.

List of Princes RoyalEdit

Name Lifespan Tenure Notes Parents Image Heir To
João 13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826 16 December 1815 – 20 March 1816 Later:
King João VI of Portugal and the Algarves
Maria I of Portugal
Pedro III of Portugal
  Maria I of Portugal
Pedro 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834 20 March 1816 – 10 March 1826 Later:
King Pedro IV of Portugal and the Algarves
João VI of Portugal
Carlota Joaquina of Spain
  João VI of Portugal
Pedro 16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861 16 September 1837 – 15 November 1853 Later:
King Pedro V of Portugal and the Algarves
Maria II of Portugal
Fernando II of Portugal
  Maria II of Portugal
Carlos 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908 28 September 1863 – 19 October 1889 Later:
King Carlos I of Portugal and the Algarves
Luís I of Portugal
Maria Pia of Savoy
  Luís I of Portugal
Luís Filipe 21 March 1887 – 1 February 1908 19 October 1889 – 1 February 1908 Premature death Carlos I of Portugal
Amélie of Orléans
  Carlos I of Portugal
Afonso 31 July 1865 – 21 February 1920 1 February 1908 – 5 October 1910 Luís I of Portugal
Maria Pia of Savoy
  Manuel II of Portugal

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert Folger, «Generations y Semblanzas»: Memory and Genealogy in Medieval Iberian Historiography, Gunter Narr Varlag Tübingen, 2003, pp. 221-222.
  2. ^ Luis de Salazar y Castro, Historia genealogica de la Casa de Silva, Malchor Alvarez y Mateo, Madrid, 1685, vol. 1, chapters 7,8.
  3. ^ James M. Boyden, The Courtier and the King: Ruy Gómez de Silva, Philip II, and the Court of Spain, University of California Press, 1995, p. 8-9
  4. ^ Candelaria, Lorenzo (2008). The Rosary Cantoral: ritual and social design in a chantbook from early Renaissance Toledo. University Rochester Press. pp. 24–. ISBN 9781580462051. Retrieved 14 May 2013.

Boyden, James M. (1995). The Courtier and the King: Ruy Gómez de Silva, Phillip II, and the Court of Spain. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-08622-8 ISBN 978-0520086227

árbol genealógico parcial de la Casa de Silva Fernández de Ixar Portugal, rama española/portuguesa y italiana

https://www.ceeh.es/en/publicacion/la-casa-de-silva-y-los-duques-de-pastrana/ This book tells the turbulent story of a family – that of Silva – and of its leading House in the 17th century – put together from the problematical life-stories of some of its lords. The narrative analyses the virtually unexplored subject of nobiliary litigation between members of the same family in the modern era: this is conceived as the juridical setting in which, in the dynastic ethos of the House of Silva-Pastrana – based on membership and fidelity to the family and loyalty to the senior kinsman – there took place a confrontation between the essential interests of some of its members, who found themselves obliged to litigate against others, nearly always very close relations, to try to obtain parts of the family inheritance that were denied to them by the laws of entail, the wishes of the founders of lordships, and the rigours of primogeniture. We have here the story of a noble and royal family, and the narrative of the lives of some of its title-holders and members, all of it also seen as an expression of the contradictions inherent in the structure, nature and composition of the Habsburg kingdom of Spain.