House of Representatives (Ceylon)
The House of Representatives was the lower chamber of the parliament of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) established in 1947 by the Soulbury Constitution. The House was housed in the old State Council building in Galle Face Green, Colombo and met for the first time on 14 October 1947. The First Republican Constitution of Sri Lanka, adopted on 22 May 1972, replaced the House of Representatives (and Parliament of Ceylon) with the unicameral National State Assembly.
House of Representatives
|Dominion of Ceylon|
|Preceded by||State Council of Ceylon|
|Succeeded by||National State Assembly|
|1970 Ceylonese parliamentary election|
|The State Council building in Galle Face Green, Colombo. The building was used by the State Council's successors (the House of Representatives, National State Assembly, and Parliament of Sri Lanka) until 1982. Today it is known as the Old Parliament Building and houses the Presidential Secretariat.|
The House of Representatives initially consisted of 101 members, of whom 95 were elected by the electors of the 89 electoral districts and six appointed by the Governor-General, on the advice of the Prime Minister. The members were known as "Members of Parliament". The six appointed members represented important interests which were not represented or inadequately represented in the House, they were usually from the European and Burgher communities and on occasions from the Indian Tamils and Muslim ( Moors or Malays) groups. On a few occasions caste groups from within the Sinhalese and Tamils also obtained representation in Parliament as appointed members.
The fourth amendment to the Soulbury Constitution increased the number of members to 157 (151 elected from 145 electoral districts and six appointed).
The initial 89 electoral districts consisted of 84 single-member districts, four two-member districts (Ambalangoda-Balapitiya, Badulla, Balangoda and Kadugannawa) and one three-member district (Colombo Central). From March 1960 there were 145 electoral districts consisting of 140 single-member districts, four two-member districts (Akurana, Batticaloa, Colombo South and Mutur) and one three-member district (Colombo Central).
Deputy Speaker and Chairman of CommitteesEdit
- R. A. de Mel (1947–48)
- H. W. Amarasuriya (1948)
- Albert F. Peries (1948–51)
- H. S. Ismail (1951–56)
- Piyasena Tennakoon (1956–58)
- R. S. Pelpola (1958–60)
- Hugh Fernando (1960–64)
- D. A. Rajapaksa (1964)
- Shirley Corea (1965–67)
- Razik Fareed (1967–68)
- Murugesu Sivasithamparam (1968–70)
- I. A. Cader (1970–72)
- Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam (2016). Politics in Sri Lanka, the Republic of Ceylon: A Study in the Making of a New Nation. Springer. p. 206. ISBN 9781349015443.
- "Speakers". Handbook of Parliament. Parliament of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 2009-07-25.
- "Deputy Speaker and Chairman of Committees". Handbook of Parliament. Parliament of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 2010-11-26.
- "CEYLON (CONSTITUTION) ORDER IN COUNCIL". LawNet, Government of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 2010-07-16.
- "CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS SINCE INDEPENDENCE". The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka.
- Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 11: On the threshold of freedom". SRI LANKA: THE UNTOLD STORY.
- "First election on party basis". Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 4 March 2007.