The House of Leo or the Leonid Dynasty ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from 457 to 518 (and varying parts of the Western Roman Empire from 474 to 480).[1]

Leonid dynasty
Chronology
Leo I 457–474
Leo II 474
Zeno 474–491
Usurpation of Basiliscus 475–476
Anastasius I 491–518
Succession
Preceded by
Theodosian dynasty
Followed by
Justinian dynasty

Julius Nepos ruled a Roman rump state of Dalmatia after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.[1]

List of Leonid rulers of the Byzantine EmpireEdit

The emperors of the House of Leo were:[2]

  1. Leo I the Thracian (Valerius Leo) (401–474, ruled 457–474) – soldier
  2. Leo II (467–474, ruled 474) – grandson of Leo I, son of Zeno
  3. Zeno (425–491, ruled 474–475) – son-in-law of Leo I; orig. Tarasicodissa, an Isaurian
  4. Basiliscus ( ? – c. 477, ruled 475–476) – usurper; brother-in-law of Leo I
    • Zeno (ruled 476–491) – restored
  5. Anastasius I (430–518, ruled 491–518) – silentiarius; son-in-law of Leo I, elevated by selection by Zeno's widow Ariadne

List of other notable members of the dynastyEdit

Other members of the House of Leo were:

  • Aelia Verina, wife of Leo I and sister of Basiliscus
  • Armatus, general, nephew of Basiliscus and Verina
  • Ariadne, daughter of Leo I, mother of Leo II and wife of Zeno and then Anastasius I
  • Julius Nepos, Western Roman Emperor, husband of a niece of Leo I.[1]
  • Hypatius, a nephew of Anastasius I and an influential Greens senator, was placed as the candidate to the purple during the Nika riots against the later emperor Justinian I. May be counted as a member of the Leonid dynasty due to being related to one of their emperors.

Family treeEdit

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.(wife)
 
Marcian
emperor of the East
450-457
 
2.Pulcheria
THEODOSIAN DYNASTY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basiliscus
emperor of the East
475-476
Zenonis
 
Verina
 
Leo I the Thracian
emperor of the East
457-474
 
(1) Marcia Euphemia
 
Anthemius
emperor of the West
467-472
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vigilantia
 
Justin I
emperor of the Romans
518-527
 
(sibling)
 
(sibling)
 
2.Anastasius I Dicorus
emperor of the Romans
491-518
 
Ariadne
 
1.Zeno
emperor of the East
474-475;
emperor of the Romans
476-491
 
Leontia
 
Marcian
usurper
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Justinian I
emperor of the Romans
527-565
JUSTINIAN DYNASTY
 
Theodora
 
(daughter)
 
Irene
Olybrius
consul 491
Theodosian dynasty
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leo II
emperor of the East
474
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(illeg.)
Theodora
 
Anastasius
consul 517
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Lars Ulwencreutz (November 2013). Ulwencreutz's The Royal Families in Europe V. Ulwencreutz Media. pp. 257–258. ISBN 978-1-304-58135-8.
  2. ^ Lars Brownworth (15 September 2009). Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization. Crown/Archetype. pp. 309–310. ISBN 978-0-307-46241-1.