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The House of Ispahbudhan or the House of Aspahbadh was one of the seven Parthian clans of the Sasanian Empire. Like the Sasanians, they claimed descent from the Achaemenids.[1] They also claimed descent from the legendary Kayanid figure Isfandiyar,[2] who was the son of the Vishtaspa, who according to Zoroastrian sources was one of Zoroaster's early followers.[3]

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  • Howard-Johnston, James (2010). "ḴOSROW II". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  • Shapur Shahbazi, Alireza (1989). "BESṬĀM O BENDŌY". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 2. London et al.: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 180–182. ISBN 1-56859-007-5.
  • Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3.
  • Shapur Shahbazi, A. (2002). "GOŠTĀSP". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XI, Fasc. 2. pp. 171–176.