(Redirected from House of Bourbon-Vendôme)

Bourbon-Vendôme refers to two branches of the House of Bourbon, the first of which became the senior legitimate line of the House of Bourbon in 1527.

House of Bourbon-Vendôme
Blason fr Bourbon-Vendome moderne.svg
Parent houseBourbon-La Marche
FounderLouis de Bourbon
DissolutionMerged in the Crown (1589)

The first house of Bourbon-Vendôme was descended from Louis de Bourbon, Count of Vendôme (1376–1446), a cadet of the house of Bourbon-La Marche. Though a younger son, Louis was fortunate enough to receive Vendôme through his mother. In 1514, the county of Vendôme was raised to a duchy-peerage in favour of Charles de Bourbon. By 1527, Charles had outlived the dukes of Alençon and Bourbon, and he became First Prince of the Blood. Charles' son Antoine became King of Navarre in 1555, by marriage. Antoine's son Henry outlived the House of Valois in 1589, and he succeeded to the French throne as the first of the Bourbon kings of France. At that point, his other titles merged in the Crown.

The second house of Bourbon-Vendôme descended directly from the first house. It was founded by César de Bourbon (1594–1665), the legitimized son of King Henry IV of France and his mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées.

History of the second house of Bourbon-VendômeEdit

House of Bourbon-Vendôme
(Légitimé de France)
Parent houseBourbon
FounderCésar de Bourbon

Born in 1594, César de Bourbon was legitimized and created Duke of Vendôme by his father, the king, in 1598. The title of Duke of Vendôme was chosen because it had been held by Henry IV's family prior to their accession to the French throne. After the creation of 1598, the title continued to be used by César de Bourbon's family for over a century.

In 1599, César de Bourbon also inherited the titles of Duke of Beaufort and Duke of Étampes upon the death of his mother. After César de Bourbon's death in 1665, he was succeeded as Duke of Vendôme by his first son Louis (1612–1669), while the title of Duke of Beaufort passed to his second son François (1616–1669).

After the death of the 4th Duke of Vendôme in 1727, the title reverted to the Crown. It continued to be used as a courtesy title by the Comte de Provence, the younger brother of Louis XVI.


  1. César de Bourbon, 1st Duke of Vendome, 2nd Duke of Beaufort (1594–1665). In 1608, he married Françoise de Lorraine, duchesse de Mercœur et de Penthièvre (1592–1669), daughter and heiress of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, a rival of his father Henry IV's. They had three children.
    1. Louis II de Bourbon-Vendôme, 2nd Duke of Vendôme (1612–1669). He married Laura Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and had three children.
      1. Louis Joseph de Bourbon-Vendôme, 3rd Duke of Vendôme (1654–1712). He was appointed Marshal of France. He married Marie Anne de Condé (1678–1718), a daughter of Henry III Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé and granddaughter of Le Grand Condé. They had no children. After his death, the titles passed to his younger brother, Philippe.
      2. Philippe de Bourbon-Vendôme, 4th Duke of Vendôme (1655–1727), called le prieur de Vendôme. A Grand Prior for France in the Order of Malta, he was also a French army commander. He held the title until his death in 1727.
      3. Jules César (1657–1660)
    2. Elisabeth, Mlle de Vendôme (1614–1664), who married Charles Amadeus of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours.
    3. François de Bourbon-Vendôme, 1st Duke of Beaufort (1616–1669), who never married and had no children.



8. Charles de Bourbon
4. Antoine of Navarre
9. Françoise of Alençon
2. Henry IV of France
10. Henry II of Navarre
5. Jeanne III of Navarre
11. Marguerite of Angoulême
1. House of Bourbon-Vendôme
12. Jean d'Estrees
6. Antoine d'Estrées, marquis de Cœuvres
13. Catherine de Bourbon-Vendôme-Ligny
3. Gabrielle d'Estrées
14. Jean Babou
7. Françoise Babou
15. Françoise Robertet

Other illegitimate housesEdit

See alsoEdit

  • [1] - French site with further information on the family