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The Babonić (Hungarian: Babonics or Vodicsai) was a Croatian noble family from medieval Slavonia whose most notable members were Bans (viceroys) of Slavonia and Croatia. Their rise began at the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries when they received enormous estates from the Kings of Hungary.[3][4][5] They were related to the Counts of Gorizia, the Venetian Morosini family and the Bosnian Kotromanić through intermarriages.[3] The Blagaj (or Blagay) cadet branch resettled to neighboring Carniola in the late 16th century after the loss of their possessions in the Una Valley to the Ottomans, and had a prominent role in the Slovenian national revival in the 19th century. They died out in 1898.[6]

Babonić
CountryKingdom of Croatia
Kingdom of Hungary
Duchy of Carniola
Founded13th century[1]
FounderStjepan I (nicknamed Babon)[2]
Current headExtinct
Final rulerIvan I, Ban of Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia[2]
TitlesCounts of Gorica and Vodica[2] (Croatian: knezovi Gorički i Vodički), Ban of Primorje, Ban of Slavonia, Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
Dissolution14th century (the Blagaj branch in 1898)[1]
Cadet branchesCounts of Blagaj[2] (Croatian: knezovi Blagajski)

Family treeEdit

Below is the complete family tree based on Hungarian historian Pál Engel's Medieval Hungarian Genealogy (2001)[7] and Attila Zsoldos' archontology (2011):

  • Stephen I
  • Babonega I
    • Stephen II (fl. 1243–1256), Ban of Primorje (banus maritimus) (1243–1249)
    • Babonega II (fl. 1249–1256)
      • Nicholas I (fl. 1278–1292)
      • Stephen IV (fl. 1278–1316), Ban of Slavonia (1299; 1310–1316), Krupa branch
        • George (fl. 1321–1336)
        • John II (fl. 1321–1328)
        • Denis (fl. 1321–1370)
        • Paul (fl. 1321–1381), died without heirs
      • John I (fl. 1284–1334), Ban of Slavonia (1317–1322), Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia (1322)
      • Otto (fl. 1284–1300)
      • Radoslav II (fl. 1284–1314)
        • Nicholas II (fl. 1321–1330)
        • Dujam (fl. 1321–1369), ancestor of the Blagay family

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Babonići (Babonegi, Babonezi, Babonezići, Babonezovići, Babonežići)". Croatian Biographical Lexicon by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  2. ^ a b c d "Babonići (Babonegi, Babonezi, Babonežići)". Croatian Encyclopedia by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  3. ^ a b Koszta 1994, p. 73.
  4. ^ Curta 2006, p. 399.
  5. ^ Fine 1994, p. 149.
  6. ^ Rodbina Ursini-Blagay, Slovenski biografski leksikon https://www.slovenska-biografija.si/rodbina/sbi750045/
  7. ^ Engel: Genealógia (Genus Babonić)

SourcesEdit

  • Curta, Florin (2006). Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500–1250. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-89452-4.
  • Fine, John V. A (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08260-4.
  • Koszta, László (1994). "Babonić". In Kristó, Gyula; Engel, Pál; Makk, Ferenc (eds.). Korai magyar történeti lexikon (9–14. század) [Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History (9th–14th centuries)] (in Hungarian). Akadémiai Kiadó. p. 73. ISBN 963-05-6722-9.