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The horticulture industry embraces the production, processing and shipping of and the market for fruits and vegetables. As such it is a sector of agribusiness and industrialized agriculture. Industrialized horticulture sometimes also includes the floriculture industry.

Among the most important fruits are:

Important vegetables include:

In 2013, the global fruit production was estimated at 676.9 million tonnes (666,200,000 long tons; 746,200,000 short tons). Global vegetable production (including melons) was estimated at 879.2 million tonnes (865,300,000 long tons; 969,200,000 short tons) with China and India being the two top producing countries.[2][3]


Value chainEdit

The horticultural value chain includes:[4]

  • Inputs: elements needed for production; seeds, fertilizers, agrochemicals, farm equipment, irrigation equipment
  • Production for export: includes fruit and vegetables production and all processes related to growth and harvesting; planting, weeding, spraying, picking
  • Packing and cold storage: grading, washing, trimming, chopping, mixing, packing, labeling, blast chilling
  • Processed fruit and vegetables: dried, frozen, preserved, juices, pulps; mostly for increasing shelf life
  • Distribution and marketing: supermarkets, small scale retailers, wholesalers, food service



  1. ^
  2. ^ "Fruit Processing Industry in India: A Short Review". Cold Chain Logistics in Horticulture & Agriculture. Winsar Publishing Company. 2016. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.2155.3047/1.
  3. ^ "Global Horticulture (2014 -2018) - Pink and Healthy". PRNewswire. Aug 19, 2014.
  4. ^ Karina Fernandez-Stark; Penny Bamber; Gary Gereffi (2011). "The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain - ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT" (PDF). CGGC, Duke University.

External linksEdit