Horns of Hattin

The Horns of Hattin ( Hebrew: קרני חיטין‎, romanizedKarnei Hittin Arabic: قرون حطين‎, romanizedQurûn Hattîn) is an extinct volcano with twin peaks overlooking the plains of Hattin in the Lower Galilee, Israel.

Horns of Hattin
קרני חיטין.jpg
View of the Horns of Hattin from the west. Sea of Galilee is in the background.
Highest point
Elevation326 m (1,070 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates32°48′00″N 35°27′34″E / 32.80000°N 35.45944°E / 32.80000; 35.45944
Etymologyfrom Hebrew חִטִּ֨ים (ḥiṭṭîm) 'wheat'
Native name
LocationLower Galilee, Israel

Kurûn Hattîn is believed to be the site of the Battle of Hattin, Saladin's victory over the Crusaders in 1187. The Battle of Hattin was fought in summer when the grass was tinder-dry. Saladin's troops set fire to the grass, after cutting off the Crusaders' access to water in the Sea of Galilee.[1] Saladin built a "victory dome," Qubbat al-Nasr, on the hill.[citation needed] Thietmar, a German pilgrim who visited the site in 1217, wrote that the "temple Saladin had erected to his gods after the victory is now desolate." In the early 17th century, ruins were found on the summit that appeared to be those of a church. Prior to 1948, an Arab village, Hittin, lay at the foot of the hill.[2] Excavations were carried out on the hill in 1976 and 1981.[3]

Some scholars have identified the hill with the Mount of Beatitudes, where Jesus delivered his Sermon on the Mount.[4][5] Writing in 1864, Fergus Ferguson describes it as the "supposed" site, because although "its position corresponds with the particulars of the narrative", no one can declare with any certainty that He gave a sermon at that exact spot."[2]


  1. ^ Region lived through centuries of warfare[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b Ferguson, 1864, p. 297
  3. ^ The Battle of Hattin Revisited, Benjamin Kedar Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Livingston, p. 340.
  5. ^ Tischendorf and Shuckard, 1847, p. 240.


  • Ferguson, Fergus (1864), Sacred Scenes, Or, Notes of Travel in Egypt and the Holy Land: Or, Notes of Travel in Egypt and the Holy Land, Thomas Adamson; Jackson, Walford, and Hodder; W.P. Nimmo
  • Wilson, Edward Livingston, In Scripture Lands: New Views of Sacred Places, Adamant Media Corporation, ISBN 978-1-4021-5515-4, ISBN 1-4021-5515-8
  • Tischendorf, Lobegott Friedrich Constantin; Shuckard, W.E. (1847), Travels in the East, tr. from [Reise in den Orient], Oxford University