The Horniman Museum and Gardens is a museum in Forest Hill, London, England. Commissioned in 1898, it opened in 1901 and was designed by Charles Harrison Townsend in the Arts and Crafts style. It has displays of anthropology, natural history and musical instruments, and is known for its large collection of taxidermied animals.
|Public transit access||Forest Hill|
The cash from the business allowed Horniman to indulge his lifelong passion for collecting, and which after travelling extensively had some 30,000 items in his various collections, covering natural history, cultural artefacts and musical instruments.
In 1911, an additional building to the west of the main building, originally containing a lecture hall and library, was donated by Frederick Horniman's son Emslie Horniman. This was also designed by Townsend. A new extension, opened in 2002, was designed by Allies and Morrison.
The Horniman specialises in anthropology, natural history and musical instruments and has a collection of 350,000 objects. The ethnography and music collections have Designated status. One of its most famous exhibits is the large collection of stuffed animals. It also has an aquarium noted for its [clarify].
|1st Floor||Ground Floor||Lower Ground Floor||Basement Floor|
Access by stairs and lift
|Under 5s Book Zone
Natural History Balcony
Horniman Highlight Objects
3 Apostle Clock, England
Hands On Base
Natural History Gallery
Horniman Highlight Objects
1 Sand Painting, America
2 Walrus, Canada
Temporary Exhibition Gallery
|Service||Station/Stop||Lines/Routes served||Distance from|
|London Buses||Horniman Museum||176, 185, 197, 356, P4|
|Horniman Park||363||260 m (850 ft) walk|
|London Overground||Forest Hill||East London line||650 m (2,130 ft) walk|
The museum is set in 16 acres (65,000 m2) of gardens, which include the following features:
- A Grade II listed conservatory from 1894 which was moved from Hornimans' family house in Croydon to the present site in the 1980s.
- A bandstand from 1912
- An enclosure for small animals
- A Butterfly House
- A nature trail
- An ornamental garden
- Plants for materials, medicines, and foods and dyes
- A sound garden with large musical instruments for playing
- A new building, the Pavilion, for working on materials that are outside of the collections, such as from the gardens.
The gardens are also Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England.
On the London Road wall of the main building is a neoclassical mosaic mural entitled Humanity in the House of Circumstance, designed by Robert Anning Bell and assembled by a group of young women over the course of 210 days. Composed of more than 117,000 individual tesserae, it measures 10 ft × 32 ft (3.0 m × 9.8 m) and symbolises personal aspirations and limitations.
The three figures on the far left represent Art, Poetry and Music, standing by a doorway symbolising birth, while the armed figure represents Endurance. The two kneeling figures represent Love and Hope, while the central figure symbolises Humanity. Charity stands to the right bearing figs and wine, followed by white-haired Wisdom holding a staff, and a seated figure representing Meditation. Finally, a figure symbolising Resignation stands by the right-hand doorway, which represents death.
A 20 ft (6.1 m) totem pole, carved from red cedar, stands outside the museum's main entrance. It was carved in 1985 as part of the American Arts Festival by Nathan Jackson, a Tlingit native Alaskan. The carvings on the pole depict figures from Alaskan legend of a girl who married a bear, with an eagle (Jackson's clan crest) at the top. The pole is one of only a handful of totem poles in the United Kingdom, others being on display at the British Museum, the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, Windsor Great Park, Bushy Park, the Yorkshire Sculpture Park, the Pitt Rivers Museum at Oxford, and at Alsford's Wharf in Berkhamsted. There is also a totem pole in the Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter. It is displayed in their World Cultures galleries.
The Horniman Museum contains the CUE (Centre for Understanding the Environment) building. This opened in 1996 and was designed by local architects Archetype using methods developed by Walter Segal. The building has a grass roof and was constructed from sustainable materials. It also incorporates passive ventilation.
- "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions". www.alva.org.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- Horniman Museum and Gardens accessed 02/01/08
- Charity Commission. Horniman Public Museum and Public Park Trust, registered charity no. 802725.
- "Horniman Public Museum and Public Park Trust - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
- "Horniman Museum". Time Out London.
- "Walking directions to '''Horniman Museum''' from '''Horniman Park''' bus stop". Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "Walking directions to '''Horniman Museum''' from '''Forest Hill''' railway station". Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- Historic England, "Horniman Gardens (1000813)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 May 2017
- "FAQs – Horniman Museum". Saatchi Gallery. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Jacqueline Banerjee. "The Horniman Museum by Charles Harrison Townsend". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "Main entrance". Horniman Museum. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Tearle, John (1998). The Berkhamsted Totem Pole. Lillydown House. ISBN 978-0-9528131-1-8. p.3