Horn, Netherlands

(Redirected from Horn (Netherlands))

Horn is a village in the Dutch province of Limburg. It is a part of the municipality of Leudal, and lies about 5 km northwest of Roermond.

Horn
Häör
Village
Horn Castle
Horn Castle
Coat of arms of Horn
Horn is located in Netherlands
Horn
Horn
Location in the Netherlands
Horn is located in Limburg, Netherlands
Horn
Horn
Location in the province of Limburg in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 51°13′N 5°57′E / 51.217°N 5.950°E / 51.217; 5.950Coordinates: 51°13′N 5°57′E / 51.217°N 5.950°E / 51.217; 5.950
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceLimburg
MunicipalityLeudal
Area
 • Total9.30 km2 (3.59 sq mi)
Elevation25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total3,730
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6085[1]
Dialing code0475
Major roadsN273, N280

HistoryEdit

The village was first mentioned in 1102 as "Engelbertus de Hurne", and means "corner".[3] Horn developed in the Early Middle Ages along the Maas. In 1102, a Heer of Horn existed. In 1450, it became the capital of the County of Horn. In 1614, Horn became part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège.[4] In 1839, it became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[5]

Horn Castle is a located on an artificially enlarged hill surrounded by a dry moat. In the 13th century an irregular square motte-and-bailey castle with four corner towers was built probably on the site of an earlier castle. In the 15th century, the castle was enlarged. Two corner towers were demolished and a new tower was built above the gate. In 1615, it was damaged by war. During the 18th century, the castle started to deteriorate and was used as a farm. In 1798, the castle was restored and extended. It was lightly damaged by war in 1945, however the living quarters suffered a fire in 1948. Between 1954 and 1957, the castle was restored by Pierre Cuypers jr. [nl].[4]

The Catholic St Martinus Church is a three aisled church with detached tower. It was built between 1936 and 1937 as a replacement of the 1838. The tower was blown up in 1944, and rebuilt shortly after.[4]

Horn was home to 797 people in 1840.[5] It was a separate municipality until 1991, when it was merged with Haelen.[6] In 2007, it became part of the municipality of Leudal.[5]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 6085AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Horn - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Sabine Broekhoven, & Ronald Stenvert (2003). Horn (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 9623 6. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Horn". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  6. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.