Horizon City, Texas

Horizon City is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, its population was 22,489, reflecting an increase of 5,754 from the 16,735 counted in the 2010 Census.[4]

Horizon City, Texas
Horizon City Town Hall
Horizon City Town Hall
Location of Horizon City, Texas
Location of Horizon City, Texas
ElPaso County HorizonCity.svg
Coordinates: 31°40′56″N 106°11′46″W / 31.68222°N 106.19611°W / 31.68222; -106.19611Coordinates: 31°40′56″N 106°11′46″W / 31.68222°N 106.19611°W / 31.68222; -106.19611
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyEl Paso
Founded1962
IncorporatedOctober 22, 1988
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorRuben Mendoza
Area
 • Total8.72 sq mi (22.58 km2)
 • Land8.71 sq mi (22.57 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
4,022 ft (1,226 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,489
 • Density2,254.07/sq mi (870.30/km2)
DemonymHorizonite
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
79927-79928
Area code915
FIPS code48-34832[2]
GNIS feature ID1359564[3]
Websitewww.horizoncity.org

ClimateEdit

  • Annual maximum avg. temperature = 78.0 °F (25.6 °F)
  • Annual minimum avg. temperature = 49.0 °F (9.4 °F)
  • Annual avg. Ttemperature = 63.2 °F (17.3 °F)
  • Percentage of possible sunshine = 83
  • Mean number of days rain (per year) = 49
  • Mean number of days snow (per year) = 2
  • Avg. annual precipitation = 9.00 in.
  • Avg. annual snowfall = 6.00 in.

GeographyEdit

Horizon City is located at 31°40′56″N 106°11′46″W / 31.68222°N 106.19611°W / 31.68222; -106.19611 (31.682315, −106.196127).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), all of it land.[4]

GovernmentEdit

The mayor of Horizon City is Ruben Mendoza. The legislative and governing body of the City consists of a Mayor and seven Council Members. The Mayor and council are elected to four-year terms. The next election for Mayor and Council Members for places 3, 5, and 7 will be in May 2023; the election for Council Members for places 1, 2, 4, and 6 will be in May 2025. The current city council members of Horizon City are Walter Miller, Scott Quiroz, Charlie Ortega, Andres (Andy) Renteria, Johnny "Doc" Duran, Rafael (Ralph) Padilla Jr., and Samantha S. Corral.[6]

Economic developmentEdit

Horizon City formed an economic development corporation in 2011. The corporation has the power to use sales tax funds to help eligible companies with relocations, expansions, and site development. It can acquire property, finance infrastructure projects, and spend funds for a variety of quality-of-life improvements.[7]

HistoryEdit

The city, incorporated by referendum on October 22, 1988,[8][9] takes its name from the real-estate development corporation that developed it as a planned community beginning in the early 1960s, the Horizon Corporation. The Horizon Corporation bought up large tracts of land in the southwestern United States, including eastern El Paso County, platted them into subdivisions, and sold lots in them to thousands of people worldwide, often sight unseen, often without access to water or utilities and using questionable sales tactics, between 1962 and 1975. Eventually, the Federal Trade Commission stepped in to stop it in 1981.[10][11] Only one portion of the development was successful, the area around the intersection of Horizon Boulevard (Texas Farm Road 1281) and Kenazo Street; this became the nucleus of Horizon City.

Much of the land to the east of town consists of undeveloped subdivisions with highly fragmented ownership. The lots in these subdivisions cannot be legally sold and will be difficult to develop due to the 1994 Texas Colonia Act, a state law intended to stop the development of colonias, or neighborhoods underserved by utilities whose residents often live in substandard conditions. It forbids the sale for residential purposes of less than 10 acres of land or the sale of more than 10 acres of land without a guarantee of adequate access to water, sewer services and other utilities. Efforts are currently underway by a local homeowners' association, the Horizon Communities Improvement Association, to assemble these lots into tracts of land that can be legally developed.[10][12]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19902,308
20005,233126.7%
201016,735219.8%
202022,48934.4%

2020 censusEdit

Horizon City racial composition[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,500 6.67%
Black or African American (NH) 285 1.27%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 42 0.19%
Asian (NH) 51 0.23%
Pacific Islander (NH) 18 0.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 53 0.24%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 148 0.66%
Hispanic or Latino 20,392 90.68%
Total 22,489

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 22,489 people, 5,940 households, and 5,011 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,921.6 people per square mile (740.5/km2). The 5,490 housing units had an average density of 584.1/sq mi (224.9/km2).

2010 censusEdit

According to the 2010 Census, of the 4,733 households, 64.2% had children under 18 living with them, 66.8% were headed by married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were not families. About 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age older. The average household size was 3.54, and the average family size was 3.83.[16]

In the city, the age distribution was 38.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.5% who were 65 or older. The median age was 26.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.[16]

For the year 2019, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $60,431. The per capita income for the city was $21,507. About 13.3% of the population was below the poverty line.[4]

EducationEdit

Horizon City is served by the Clint and Socorro Independent School Districts.[17]

The Socorro Independent School District serves the city center and adjacent neighborhoods on the west end of town; the boundary between it and the Clint Independent School District to the east is located at or near Kenazo Street.

Schools serving Horizon CityEdit

Clint Independent School District campusesEdit

Socorro Independent School District campusesEdit

The zoned schools are:

OtherEdit

  • Pete Duarte Head Start Center (Texas Education Agency, Region 19) [Pre-K]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the El Paso II District Parole Office in an unincorporated area east of Horizon City.[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b c d "US Census QuickFacts Horizon City Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-02-18.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Horizon City Mayor and Council". Town of Horizon City. Retrieved 2022-02-18.
  7. ^ "Home". Horizon EDC.
  8. ^ Mattox, Jim (April 3, 1989). "Texas Attorney General Opinion: LO89-25". The Portal to Texas History.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2014-07-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ a b http://www.elpasotimes.com/ci_17498314
  11. ^ http://www.elpasotimes.com/ci_18172193
  12. ^ "Horizon Communities Improvement Association". Horizon Communities Improvement Association.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  14. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Horizon city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: El Paso County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-06-29. - See block map
  18. ^ "SISD High School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-04. - Zoom on Eastlake Zone.
  19. ^ "SISD Middle School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-04. - Zoom on Ensor zone
  20. ^ "SISD Elementary School Attendance Boundaries". Socorro Independent School District. Retrieved 2022-07-04. - Zoom on Horizon Heights zone
  21. ^ "Parole Division Region V Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External linksEdit