Horizon City, Texas
Horizon City is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 16,735, reflecting an increase of 11,502 from the 5,233 counted in the 2000 Census. As of July 1, 2019, the population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 19,642. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area and is situated to the immediate east of the city of El Paso.
Horizon City, Texas
Horizon City Town Hall
Location of Horizon City, Texas
|Incorporated||October 22, 1988|
|• Mayor||Ruben Mendoza|
|• Total||8.72 sq mi (22.58 km2)|
|• Land||8.71 sq mi (22.57 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||4,022 ft (1,226 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,254.07/sq mi (870.30/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1359564|
- Annual Maximum Avg. Temperature = 78.0 °F (25.6 °F)
- Annual Minimum Avg. Temperature = 49.0 °F (9.4 °F)
- Annual Avg. Temperature = 63.2 °F (17.3 °F)
- Percent of Possible Sunshine = 83
- Mean Number of Days Rain (Out of 365 Days) = 49
- Mean Number of Days Snow (Out of 365 Days) = 2
- Avg. Annual Precipitation (Total Inches) = 9.00"
- Avg. Annual Snowfall (Total Inches) = 6.00"
Horizon City is located at (31.682315, −106.196127).
The current mayor of Horizon City is Ruben Mendoza. Horizon City is also served by seven Aldermen who are elected to two year terms. Four of the Aldermen are elected every even year and the other three and the mayor are elected every odd year in the month of May. The current Aldermen of Horizon City are Walter Miller, Juan "Jerry" Garcia, Charlie Ortega, Kathy Masters, Johnny "Doc" Duran, Breanne Wilson and Samantha S. Corral.
Economic Development CorporationEdit
Horizon City formed an economic development corporation in 2011. The corporation has the power to use sales tax funds to help eligible companies with relocations, expansions and site development. It can acquire property, finance infrastructure projects and expend funds for a variety of quality of life improvements.
The city, incorporated by referendum on October 22, 1988, takes its name from the real estate development corporation which developed it as a planned community beginning in the early 1960s, the Horizon Corporation. The Horizon Corporation bought up large tracts of land in the southwestern United States, including eastern El Paso County; platted them into subdivisions; and sold lots in them to thousands of people worldwide, often sight unseen, often without access to water or utilities and using questionable sales tactics, between 1962 and 1975. Eventually the Federal Trade Commission stepped in to stop it in 1981. Only one portion of the development was successful, the area around the intersection of Horizon Boulevard (Texas Farm Road 1281) and Kenazo Street; this became the nucleus of Horizon City.
Much of the land to the east of town consists of undeveloped subdivisions with highly fragmented ownership. The lots in these subdivisions cannot be legally sold and will be difficult to develop due to the 1994 Texas Colonia Act, a state law intended to stop the development of colonias, or neighborhoods underserved by utilities whose residents often live in substandard conditions. It forbids the sale for residential purposes of less than 10 acres of land or the sale of more than 10 acres of land without a guarantee of adequate access to water, sewer services and other utilities. Efforts are currently underway by a local homeowners' association, the Horizon Communities Improvement Association, to assemble these lots into tracts of land that can be legally developed.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,735 people, 4,733 households, and 4,081 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,923.6 people per square mile (740.5/km2). There were 5,082 housing units at an average density of 584.1/sq mi (224.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 2.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.7% some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 85.9% of the population.
There were 4,733 households, out of which 64.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were headed by married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.54, and the average family size was 3.83.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 38.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
For the period 2007–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $49,621, and the median income for a family was $54,722. Males had a median income of $41,784 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,514. About 15.2% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Horizon City is served by the Clint and Socorro Independent School Districts. The Socorro Independent School District serves the city center and adjacent neighborhoods on the west end of town; the boundary between it and the Clint Independent School District to the east is located at or near Kenazo Street.
Schools in Horizon CityEdit
Clint Independent School District campusesEdit
- Horizon High School [9th to 12th]
- Horizon Middle School [6th to 8th]
- Ricardo Estrada Middle School [6th to 8th]
- Carroll T. Welch Intermediate School [Pre-K to 5th]
- Desert Hills Elementary School [Pre-K to 5th]
- Frank Macias Elementary School [Pre-k to 5th]
Socorro Independent School District campusesEdit
- Eastlake High School [9th to 12th]
- Col. John O. Ensor Middle School [6th to 8th]
- Horizon Heights Elementary School [Pre-K to 5th]
- Dr. Sue Shook Elementary School [Pre-K to 5th]
- Pete Duarte Head Start Center (Texas Education Agency, Region 19) [Pre-K]
Government and infrastructureEdit
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Horizon City city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Horizon City city, Texas". www.census.gov.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Incumbent List". El Paso County. 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "Election Summary Report: 2010 MAY CITIES, SCHOOLS AND WATER DIST ELECTION". El Paso County. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "Home". Horizon EDC.
- Mattox, Jim (April 3, 1989). "Texas Attorney General Opinion: LO89-25". The Portal to Texas History.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2014-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Horizon Communities Improvement Association". Horizon Communities Improvement Association.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Horizon city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Horizon city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- "Parole Division Region V Archived 2010-01-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 22, 2010.