Horace Boies (December 7, 1827 – April 4, 1923) served as the 14th Governor of Iowa from 1890 to 1894 as a member of the United States Democratic Party. Boies was the only Democrat to serve in that position from 1855 to 1933, a period of 78 years.
|14th Governor of Iowa|
February 27, 1890 – January 11, 1894
|Lieutenant||Alfred N. Poyneer|
Samuel L. Bestow
|Preceded by||William Larrabee|
|Succeeded by||Frank D. Jackson|
|Member of the New York State Assembly|
from the 3rd Erie district
January 1, 1857 – December 31, 1857
|Preceded by||John Clark|
|Succeeded by||John T. Wheelock|
|Born||December 7, 1827|
Aurora, New York
|Died||April 4, 1923 (aged 95)|
Long Beach, California
|Political party||Republican (before 1880)|
Democratic (after 1880)
|Spouse(s)||Adella King (died 1855)|
Versalia M. Barber (died 1877)
Life before IowaEdit
Horace was born in Aurora, New York and started his education in the public school system. In his late teens, he worked for four years as a farm laborer in the Wisconsin Territory. Moving back to New York, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1849, setting up practice in Hamburg, near Buffalo. He was elected to the New York State Assembly (Erie Co., 3rd D.) as a Republican in 1857.
Life in IowaEdit
Boies left the Republican Party in 1880 due to their support of prohibition. He was elected governor of Iowa as a Democrat in 1889, breaking longtime Republican dominance of state politics. Reelected in 1891, he was defeated in 1893, by Frank D. Jackson, a Republican. He was a prominent populist and advocate of bimetallism, and during his term as governor proclaimed Iowa's first Labor Day holiday.
As governor, Boies gained sufficient prominence to become involved in national Democratic Party politics, though his campaigns for the presidential nomination at the 1892 and 1896 Democratic National Conventions were unsuccessful. His last political campaign, in 1902, was an unsuccessful attempt at the Democratic nomination for a Congressional seat from Iowa.
Following his retirement, Boies moved to Long Beach, California. This was a popular destination for Iowans at the time, and Boies was active in social events of his fellow Iowan transplants, participating in the Long Beach Iowa Reunion and serving as president of the Long Beach Iowa Association.
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