Hoplodrina superstes

Hoplodrina superstes, the powdered rustic, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is common in central and southern Europe. In the north there is a population on Alderney. On the British mainland it is only present as a stray.[2] In the east, the range extends to the Ural and in the south it ranges to Morocco, Turkey, Ukraine and northern Iran.

Powdered rustic
Hoplodrina superstes.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Hoplodrina
Species:
H. superstes
Binomial name
Hoplodrina superstes
Synonyms
  • Caradrina superstes Ochsenheimer, 1816

The wingspan is 28–34 mm. The forewings are yellowish brown to light grey brown and pale rufous grey with black atoms (scales); inner and outer lines blackish, the inner obliquely waved and dentate inwards, the outer strongly dentate, the teeth forming a row of points on the veins; submarginal pale, with brown shading before it; orbicular and reniform large, brownish, with pale rings; hindwing dull whitish, the veins and terminal area brownish. Larva grey, dorsal line dark; lateral stripes pale, with oblique streaks between them.[ full-grown larvae range from yellowish grey to reddish grey].[3]

There is one generation per year in the northern part of the range, with adults on wing from June to July. In the south, there are two generations. Adults of the second generation are on wing from August to September.

The larvae feed on Taraxacum, Plantago, Galium and Rumex species. The species overwinters in the larval stage.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fauna Europaea
  2. ^ Powdered rustic on UKmoths
  3. ^ Warren. W. in Seitz, A. Ed., 1914 Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 3: Abt. 1, Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen eulenartigen Nachtfalter, 1914  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

Further readingEdit

  • Walter Forster, Theodor A. Wohlfahrt: Die Schmetterlinge Mitteleuropas – Bd. IV Eulen (Noctuidae). Franckh’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1971.
  • Günter Ebert (Hrsg.): Die Schmetterlinge Baden-Württembergs Band 6, Nachtfalter IV. 622 S., Ulmer Verlag Stuttgart 1997 (Eulen (Noctuidae) 2. Teil), ISBN 3-8001-3482-9
  • Michael Fibiger und Hermann Hacker: Noctuidae Europaeae Volume 9 Amphipyrinae, Condicinae, Eriopinae, Xyleninae (part). 410 S., Entomological Press, Sorø 2007 ISBN 87-89430-11-5
  • Manfred Koch: Wir bestimmen. Schmetterlinge – Band 3. Eulen. 2. Auflage, Neumann, Radebeul 1972.

External linksEdit