Hong Myung-bo (Korean: 홍명보, Hanja: 洪明甫; Korean pronunciation: [hoŋmjʌŋbo]; born 12 February 1969) is a South Korean former footballer and former manager of the South Korean national team. Hong is often considered one of the greatest Asian footballers of all time. Hong was a member of the South Korean national team in four World Cups, and was the first Asian player to play in four consecutive World Cup final tournaments. He was also the recipient of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball. No other Asian player has yet achieved this feat.
Hong in 2013
|Full name||Hong Myung-bo|
|Date of birth||12 February 1969|
|Place of birth||Seoul, South Korea|
|Height||1.82 m (5 ft 11 1⁄2 in)|
|1991||Sangmu FC (army)|
|2000||South Korea U23 (WC)||1||(0)|
|2009||South Korea U20|
|2009–2012||South Korea U23|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
|Revised Romanization||Hong Myeong-bo|
A former defender Hong often played as a centre-back but also played at the full-back position. He was often touted to be the best sweeper in Asia at that time. He was often cited as the "Eternal Libero" by the media due to his ability to play deep into the midfield and strike a long distance ball. He was chosen among the "FIFA 100", Pelé's selection of the 125 greatest living footballers in the world. He was the only South Korean footballer in the FIFA 100.
Hong Myung-bo played for Pohang Steelers in South Korea's K League, Bellmare Hiratsuka · Kashiwa Reysol in Japan's J1 League and LA Galaxy in United States's Major League Soccer. He retired as a player following the end of the 2004 season, having finished his career with the LA Galaxy.
Hong Myung-bo made his first appearance for the South Korea national football team on 4 February 1990, in a friendly match against Norway. Hong Myung-bo went on to participate in major competitions such as 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 1996 AFC Asian Cup, 2000 AFC Asian Cup. Hong was also selected as an over-aged player by the South Korea under-23 for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. But he was injured just before the tournament, and replaced by Kang Chul.
Hong's first appearance at a World Cup finals was at the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy. Hong played in all three group stage matches against Belgium, Spain, and Uruguay. However, South Korea was eliminated in the group stage after losing all the three games.
Hong's talent was most notable during the 1994 FIFA World Cup group stage. When South Korea had only 5 minutes to catch up Spain, who was leading the match with the score of 2-0, Hong scored the first goal and assisted the winger Seo Jung-won to score the equalizer goal shortly after, making the match a memorable draw against Spain. In the match that took place two weeks later, South Korea was losing during the first half with the score of 3-0 to Germany – the defending World Champions at the time, represented by numerous skillful players including Jürgen Klinsmann, Jürgen Kohler, Matthias Sammer, Rudi Völler and Lothar Matthäus. After assisting the striker Hwang Sun-hong to strike the first goal into the net, Hong scored the second goal himself, but that was the last goal of the match.
Hong's third World Cup appearance was at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. Hong played all three group stage matches of South Korea against Mexico, the Netherlands and Belgium. South Korea was eliminated at the first round with 1 draw (Belgium) and 2 losses (Mexico and the Netherlands).
Hong captained the South Korean national team to a historic fourth-place finish in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. He scored the winning penalty to secure a 5–3 shootout victory in the quarter final against Spain after a goalless draw. The Technical Study Group voted him as the third best player of the tournament (Bronze Ball award), the first ever Asian player to be named in the top 3 players in a World Cup. Leader of the Korean defensive trio alongside Kim Tae-young and Choi Jin-cheul, he ended his international career after a 2002 friendly match against World Cup champions Brazil as the all-time leader in appearances for the South Korea national team, with 135 caps.
On 26 September 2005, after his retirement as a player, Hong returned to the national team as assistant coach. Helping the manager Dick Advocaat, he took part in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and worked with the next manager Pim Verbeek in the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. After the resignation of Pim Verbeek, he was one of the candidates to become the next manager.
The Korea Football Association announced that it had appointed him as the South Korea under-20 team, on 19 February 2009. Under his guidance the team reached the quarter-finals of the 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup, but were eliminated due to a 2–3 defeat to Ghana, the eventual champions.
Hong also served an assistant coach for South Korea under-23 team under Park Sung-wha. In October 2009, he took over the coaching duties at under-23 football team. He led his team into third place in the 2010 Asian Games. On 10 August 2012, Hong Myung-bo coached the Men's Olympic team to a 2-0 win over Japan to secure the bronze medal at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, which set up a record by obtaining the first medal ever for South Korea in Olympic football as well as being the first Asian team in 44 years to win a medal at that event.
He was named as assistant manager to Guus Hiddink at Anzhi Makhachkala in August 2012. After Choi Kang-hee, the former head coach of South Korea national team, took the responsibility of the team's poor performance in 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification and resigned from his position, Hong Myung-bo was appointed as the new head coach of the team on 24 June 2013 to prepare the team for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. After a winless World Cup campaign, Hong resigned from his post on 10 July 2014.
Hong married Cho Soo-mi, who was five years younger than him, in 1997. He has two sons, Hong Seong-min and Hong Jeong-min. One of them is currently attending Korea International School. Hong also has two younger siblings. Hong is known for his reticence and charisma.
|Pohang Steelworks||1992||K League||29||1||—||8||0||37||1|
|Bellmare Hiratsuka||1997||J1 League||10||0||3||1||0||0||13||1|
|Kashiwa Reysol||1999||J1 League||28||5||4||2||5||2||37||9|
|Pohang Steelers||2002||K League||19||0||0||0||0||0||19||0|
|Los Angeles Galaxy||2003||MLS||25||0||2||0||—||27||0|
|South Korea U23||2000||1||0|
- Results list South Korea's goal tally first.
|1.||3 August 1990||Beijing, China||China PR||1 goal||1–1 (6–5 PSO)||1990 Dynasty Cup|
|2.||23 September 1990||Beijing, China||Singapore||1 goal||7–0||1990 Asian Games|
|3.||24 August 1992||Beijing, China||North Korea||1 goal||1–1||1992 Dynasty Cup|
|4.||13 May 1993||Beirut, Lebanon||India||1 goal||3–0||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|5.||19 October 1993||Doha, Qatar||Iraq||1 goal||2–2||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|6.||5 June 1994||Boston, United States||Ecuador||1 goal||1–2||Friendly match|
|7.||17 June 1994||Dallas, United States||Spain||1 goal||2–2||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|8.||27 June 1994||Dallas, United States||Germany||1 goal||2–3||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|9.||11 September 1994||Gangneung, South Korea||Ukraine||1 goal||1–0||Friendly match|
|10.||8 August 1996||Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam||Chinese Taipei||1 goal||4–0||1996 AFC Asian Cup qualification|
- FIFA World Cup Fourth place: 2002
- Asian Games Bronze medal: 1990
- AFC Asian Cup Third place: 2000
- Dynasty Cup: 1990
- Summer Universiade: 1991
- K League 1 Most Valuable Player: 1992
- K League 1 Best XI: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002
- FIFA XI: 1997
- AFC All Stars XI: 1997, 2000
- AFC Asian Cup Team of the Tournament: 2000
- J.League Best XI: 2000
- FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball: 2002
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 2002
- FIFA World Player of the Year Nominee: 2002 (17th place)
- FIFA 100: 2004
- Best Eleven South Korea All Time Best XI: 2010
- K League 30th Anniversary Best XI: 2013
- Asian Football Hall of Fame: 2014
South Korea U23
- 1992년 08월 22일 현재, 국가대표팀 명단 (제2회 다이너스티컵) (in Korean). JoinKFA. 22 August 1992. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- 1995년 02월 11일 현재, 국가대표팀 명단 (제3회 다이너스티컵) (in Korean). JoinKFA. 11 February 1995. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- 1998년 02월 21일 현재, 국가대표팀 명단 (다이너스티컵) (in Korean). JoinKFA. 21 February 1998. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- 체육계 쪽지 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 19 May 1991.
- "Hong Myung-Bo strongest candidate for South Korea post". Goal.com. 19 June 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
- "Awards". FIFA. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
- "The Fifa 100". The Guardian. 4 March 2004.
- Jiang, Allan (5 August 2012). "South Korea 2002 FIFA World Cup Retrospective". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "South Korea blanks Japan for men's soccer bronze – CBC Sports". CBC Sports. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- 국가대표 복귀문제로 논란 이는 한국축구 간판스타 홍명보·조수미 부부 (in Korean). W Dong-A. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- #20 홍명보 (in Korean). K League. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Myung-Bo Hong – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- 포철 홍명보 '올해의 선수'뽑혀 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 4 December 1992.
- 올 최우수선수 홍명보 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 6 December 1992.
- 「적토마」고정운 MVP영예 (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 20 November 1994.
- 신태용 올 축구 황금발 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 24 November 1995.
- 프로축구 MVP 김현석 뽑혀 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 30 November 1996.
- 2002년 K-리그 시상식 21일 개최 (in Korean). Yonhap. 20 December 2002.
- "FIFA XI´s Matches – Full Info". RSSSF. 20 October 2015.
- "Asian Player of the Year". RSSSF. 18 January 2018.
- [아시안컵] 결승골 이동국…득점왕 등극 (in Korean). Kukmin Ilbo. 30 October 2000.
- Jリーグ 歴代のMVP・ベストイレブン・得点王 (in Japanese). ULTRAZONE. 5 December 2017.
- "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan: Report and Statistics" (PDF). FIFA.
- "FIFA World player 2002 Elected by 148 managers of national teams". European Football Statistics.
- 차범근.홍명보.박지성, 역대 최고 베스트 11 (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- 한국 축구 레전드 베스트11 발표 (in Korean). YTN. 31 May 2013.
- Johnston, Patrick (21 November 2014). Peter Rutherford (ed.). "Kewell, Hong, Daei among AFC's first Hall of Fame inductees". Reuters. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- Hong Myung-bo – K League stats at kleague.com (in Korean)
- Hong Myung-bo – National Team Stats at KFA (in Korean)
- Hong Myung-bo – FIFA competition record
- Hong Myung-bo at National-Football-Teams.com
- Hong Myung-bo at J.League (in Japanese)
- International Appearances & Goals rsssf.com
- Hong`s match winning goal Jleague 2000 FCTokyo vs Reysol