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Hong is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname (Hóng). It was listed 184th among the Song-era Hundred Family Surnames. Today it is not among the 100 most common surnames in mainland China but it was the 15th-most-common surname on Taiwan in 2005. It is also the pinyin romanization of a number of less-common names including Hóng (), Hóng (t , s ), and Hóng (). All of those names are romanized as Hung in Wade-Giles.

"Hong" is also one spelling employed for the Cantonese pronunciation of the surname Xiong ().

The Hokkien and Teochew romanization of Hong (that uses the character 洪) is Ang, which is also used for Wang (, Wāng).

It is also the romanization used for the Korean surname Hong, which uses the character 洪 in hanja.

Contents

OriginEdit

The name literally means "flood".

The legendary origin of the family links it to descendants of the Yan Emperor who originally bore the ancestral name Jiang and the clan name "Gonggong". The Gonggongs directed irrigation works and managed flood control on the west bank of the Yellow River in the southeast corner of the Ordos Loop above the Wei.

After the Yellow Emperor conquered the Yan Emperor's territory, his relatives and descendants were persecuted and the Gonggong rebelled during the reign of the Gaoyang Emperor. The future Ku Emperor led an army against the rebellion and crushed them at the Battle of Bei Zhou Shan. Supposedly, among his soldiers were the descendants of Suiren, credited with the invention of fire, so that this is referred to in Chinese sources as a battle between fire and water. The Gonggong were reinstated in their former position only to provoke widespread flooding under the Yao Emperor when they opposed some of his orders. A second army brought a second defeat and the Yao Emperor banished the Gonggong to Jiangnan.

When the Chinese ceased to have both ancestral and clan names, many Gonggongs combined the water radical from jiang with the character gong to produce Hong.

Ancestral centersEdit

List of persons with the surnameEdit

HongEdit

HungEdit

  • Hung Shing (洪聖), Tang Dynasty official
  • Hung Hei-gun (洪熙官; 1745–1825), Chinese martial artist of the Southern Shaolin school
  • William Hung (sinologist) (洪業; 1893–1980), Chinese sinologist
  • Hung Tung (洪通; born 1920), Taiwanese painter
  • Hung I-Hsiang (洪懿祥; 1925–1993), Taiwanese martial artist
  • John Hung (洪承禧; born 1938), Hong Kong businessman
  • Hung Meng-chi (洪孟啟; born 1947), Taiwanese politician, Minister of Culture (2014–2016)
  • Hung Hsiu-chu (洪秀柱; born 1948), Taiwanese Kuomintang politician
  • Mien-Chie Hung (洪明奇; born 1950), Taiwanese-born American molecular biologist and cancer researcher
  • Hung Chi-chang (洪奇昌; born 1951), Taiwanese politician, Chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation (2007–2008)
  • Sammo Hung (洪金寶; born 1952), Hong Kong actor and martial artist
  • Stephen Hung (洪永時; born 1959), Hong Kong property investor
  • Hung Huang (洪晃; born 1961), Chinese television host
  • Chris Hung (洪榮宏; born 1963), Taiwanese enka and Hokkien pop singer
  • Hung Chung Yam (洪松蔭; born 1967), Hong Kong former cyclist
  • Hung Cee Kay (洪詩琪; born 1972), Hong Kong swimmer
  • Timmy Hung (洪天明; born 1974), Hong Kong actor, son of Sammo Hung
  • Kenneth Tin-Kin Hung (洪天健; born 1976), Hong Kong-born American new media artist
  • Kit Hung (洪榮杰; born 1977), Hong Kong filmmaker
  • Osman Hung (洪智傑; born 1979), Hong Kong actor
  • Amy Hung (洪沁慧; born 1980), Taiwanese golfer
  • Shih-Ting Hung (洪詩婷; born 1980), Taiwanese film director
  • Hung Tzu-yung (洪慈庸; born 1982), Taiwanese New Power Party politician
  • Tony Hung (洪永城; born 1983), Hong Kong TVB actor and host
  • Emily Hung (洪棠; born 1987), Taiwanese actress
  • Ken Hung (洪卓立; born 1987), Hong Kong Cantopop singer
  • Bruce Hung (洪奇翰; born 1990), Taiwanese actor
  • Hung Jui-chen (洪睿晨; born 1990), Taiwanese tennis player
  • Hung Shih-han (洪詩涵; born 1990), Taiwanese badminton player

AngEdit