Homer Dodge Martin
Homer Dodge Martin
Homer Dodge Martin
|Died||February 12, 1897 (aged 60)|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Gilbert Davis Martin|
|Elected||National Academy of Design|
Martin was born in Albany, New York on October 28, 1836, the fourth and youngest son of Homer Martin and Sarah Dodge. A pupil for a short time of William Hart, his earlier work was closely aligned with the Hudson River School. Other Albany painters of his acquaintance included George Boughton, and Edward Gay.
During the 1860s he spent the summers in the Adirondacks, Catskills and White Mountains, and painted landscapes from the sketches he made there at his studio in New York City's Tenth Street Studio Building.
On June 25, 1861 he married Elizabeth Gilbert Davis, also of Albany.
Martin was elected as associate of the National Academy of Design, New York, in 1868, and a full academician in 1874. During a trip to Europe in 1876, he was captivated by the Barbizon school and the Impressionists, and thereafter his painting style gradually became darker, moodier, and more loosely brushed.
From 1882 to 1886, he lived in France, spending much of the time in Normandy, including stays at the Etaples art colony. His work there included a topographical view of the harbor in which a wooden hulled ship is being built in the distance and a steam ship is seen moored on the quays. The rather more atmospheric Cottage in the Forest captures the effect of the parting sun on the dune landscape. At Villerville on the Seine, he painted his celebrated Harp of the Winds, now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
By 1887 Martin had returned to New York City. In 1893, poverty and poor health induced him to relocate to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he had relatives. There, nearly blind, he painted one of his best-known works, Adirondack Scenery (1895) from memory. He died on February 12, 1897, in St. Paul. Although never successful within his lifetime, within two years of his death Adirondack Scenery sold for $5500 and Harp of the Winds (1895) was acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
As well as being represented in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Martin's paintings can be found in the collections of other important American museums including the Addison Gallery of American Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Albany Institute of History and Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Portland Art Museum, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
The harbour at Étaples (1884)
- "Homer Dodge Martin". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. 2000. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Eleanor Jones Harvey (3 December 2012). The Civil War and American Art. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-18733-5. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- George Derby, James Terry White (1899). The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time. J. T. White.
- Martin, Elizabeth Gilbert (Davis) (1904). Homer Martin: A Reminiscence. New York: William Macbeth. pp. 3, 9, 12.
- "A Finding Aid to the James Stillman letters relating to Homer Dodge Martin, 1882–1898". Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), Feld, S. P., Gardner, A. T. E., Spassky, N., & Luhrs, K. (1965). American Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Volumes 1-2. New York. p. 421. ISBN 0870994395.
- E. G. Martin, Homer Martin, a Remininiscence (New York, 1904)
- Samuel Isham, History of American Painting (New York, 1905)
- F. J. Mather, Homer Martin, Poet in Landscape (New York, 1912)
- F. F. Sherman, "Landscape of Homer Dodge Martin," in Art in America, volume iii (New York, 1915)
- D. H. Carroll, Fifty-Eight Paintings by Homer Martin (New York, 1913), reproductions