Vandžiogala

  (Redirected from Holy Trinity Church, Vandžiogala)

Vandžiogala is a small town in Kaunas County, Kaunas district municipality in central Lithuania. It is located 29 km (18 mi) north of Kaunas next to Urka brook. A Holy Trinity church was built in Vandžiogala in 1830.

Vandžiogala
Town
Vandziogalos baznycia.JPG
Coat of arms of Vandžiogala
Vandžiogala is located in Lithuania
Vandžiogala
Vandžiogala
Location in Lithuania
Coordinates: 55°07′10″N 23°57′40″E / 55.11944°N 23.96111°E / 55.11944; 23.96111Coordinates: 55°07′10″N 23°57′40″E / 55.11944°N 23.96111°E / 55.11944; 23.96111
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
Population
 (2011)
 • Total861
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

A town also has a post office (LT-54073), a community centre building, a school, a library, two cemeteries. A wayside shrine was erected during the 135th commemoration of January Uprising.

As of 2011 it had a population of 861.[1]

HistoryEdit

Vandžiogala was first mentioned in written sources 1384 when a battle with Teutonic crusaders happened. In the chronicles it is written that Vice Komtur of Ragainė Markvard Schulbach was sent to Lithuania to support Vytautas against Skirgaila. The battle was won by Germans: 120 Lithuanians died instantly and the rest either ran away or were taken as prisoners. Komtur took 300 out of those captured and Vytautas took 200.

On July 9, 1941, the first large scale mass murder of the Jews in Kaunas district took place. Rollkommando Hamann massacred 38 people.[2]

Before World War II, Vandžiogala was inhabited almost by Poles themselves, who constituted over 90% of the inhabitants. The persecution of the Polish population was started by the government of Kaunas Lithuania in the interwar period,[citation needed] when Vilnius and the Vilnius Region belonged to the Polish state. Strong Lithuanization was started, and at the same time the depolonization of the region, in addition, the Polish population was attacked and often witnessed the hostile behavior of the Kaunas government and Lithuanians, there was also violence against innocent Poles.[citation needed] Local Poles were also displaced, and after the war the Polish school even ceased to function. However, today Poles still constitute a large percentage of the Vandžiogala (about 40-50%),[citation needed] which contributes to the development of Polishness, and masses are celebrated in the local church in Polish, however, as a result of the actions of the Lithuanian authorities and often Lithuanians, it is a much smaller percentage of Poles than before the war.[3] The Association of Poles in Lithuania operates in the town.

EtymologyEdit

 
Monument for the commemoration of Lithuania's independence

The name is derived from words Vandys (a personal name) and galas meaning "the land belonging to Vandžiai". In the chronicles of crusaders the name is spelled Wandyagel while in the documents from the 16th century written in Old Church Slavonic it is spelled Vondziakgola.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2011 census". Statistikos Departamentas (Lithuania). Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  2. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania".
  3. ^ {{cite web|url=https://kurierwilenski.lt/2015/10/02/wedziagola-ostoja-polskosci-na-laudzie-gdzie-malo-juz-kto-mowi-po-polsku/}
  • This article was initially translated from the Lithuanian Wikipedia.

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