Holy Land USA is an 18-acre (7.3 ha) theme park in Waterbury, Connecticut, inspired by selected passages from the Bible. It consists of a chapel, stations of the cross, and replicas of catacombs and Israelite villages constructed from cinder blocks, bathtubs, and other discarded materials.[1] The park closed to the public in 1984 and fell into disrepair. On September 14, 2014, the site reopened to the public for the first time in 30 years with an inaugural Mass. The area is now open to the general public during daylight hours.

Holy Land USA
Holy Land USA sign and cross in 1960
LocationWaterbury, Connecticut, U.S.
Coordinates41°32′49″N 73°01′48″W / 41.547°N 73.030°W / 41.547; -73.030
Opened1955 (1955)
Closed1984, reopened 2014 (1984, reopened 2014)

Creation and peak years edit

Holy Land USA was conceived by John Baptist Greco, a Waterbury-based attorney, with the purpose of creating an attraction that would replicate Bethlehem and Jerusalem of the Biblical era. Construction commenced in 1955 with the help of a volunteer organization called Companions of Christ.[2] Bob Chinn, the grounds chairman at Holy Land USA, recalled Greco's mission in a 2001 interview with The New York Times: "He was a very spiritual man. He wanted to do this for the people of the community. He felt no one, no matter the race, creed or color, should be separated. He wanted a place for all people to sit and be peaceful."[2]

Among the original attractions at the site were a recreation of the Garden of Eden, a diorama depicting Daniel in the lions' den, and various recreations of the life and ministry of Jesus. The centerpiece of the site was a 56-foot (17 m) cross and an illuminated sign that read "Holy Land USA".[3]

During its peak years in the 1960s and 1970s, Holy Land USA attracted upwards of 40,000 visitors annually.[2] Greco closed Holy Land USA in 1984 with plans to improve and expand the site, but the work was left unfinished when Greco died in 1986. The property was left to the Religious Teachers Filippini.[4]

Closure and notable events edit

The stainless steel cross erected in 2008. The floodlights that illuminate the cross at night are visible. The Stainless Steel cross was removed in 2013 to make way for a new and larger lighted cross.
View of miniature Jerusalem and/or Bethlehem, Holy Land, USA

After its closure, Holy Land USA fell into a state of advanced disrepair, and many attractions and statues were vandalized. Although it was not open to the public, the site continued to attract attention. In 2002, the Waterbury Region Convention and Visitors Bureau received more than 150 calls asking for directions to the site.[3] The website Roadside America included the park in coverage of offbeat attractions, albeit with the cautionary note that visitors should "explore with caution (and with an up-to-date tetanus shot)."[5]

There was ongoing debate about the site's future. It was suggested that the park be preserved as folk art,[1][6] and there were numerous failed attempts to restore the park, including one involving the Knights of Columbus in 2000.[6] The Religious Sisters of Filippi Greco were accused of fearing "liability and being sued" and thereby turning away volunteers and stopping restoration efforts, but they also received support from those who believed that, although accepting the park reluctantly, they had been "good stewards" over it.[6] The Sisters held weekly prayer meetings at the site, and the holy hours on Sundays were devoted to the Virgin of Revelation,[6] an apparition of the Virgin Mary witnessed in 1947 by an Italian on his way to assassinate Pope Pius XII in Rome.[7] The Sisters claimed that the statue of the Madonna in the chapel is one of three commissioned by Pope John Paul II.[7]

Despite the lack of full restoration, some renovation projects were undertaken while the park was closed. In 1997 a group of Boy Scouts repaired the illuminated "Holy Land USA" sign as part of a community service project,[5] and in 2008 the original 56-foot cross was replaced with a 50-foot (15 m) stainless steel one, which was dedicated in a ceremony led by Archbishop Henry J. Mansell.[8]

Murder of Chloe Ottman edit

On the evening of July 15, 2010, 16-year-old Chloe Ottman was raped and murdered by 19-year-old Francisco Cruz at the park, at the site of the large, lit cross.[9][10] Cruz was charged with capital felony, murder, sexual assault and strangulation. Ottman's family agreed to a plea offer and Cruz pleaded guilty on April 20, 2011. He was sentenced to 55 years in prison on June 17, 2011.[11] Cruz was incarcerated at the Cheshire Correctional Institution in Cheshire, Connecticut.[12]

Revival edit

On June 20, 2013, Mayor Neil O'Leary and car dealer Fred "Fritz" Blasius purchased Holy Land from the Filippini Sisters for $350,000, announcing a plan to clean up and revitalise the site as part of a community effort. The plan included the installation of a new and larger lighted cross on the property.[13][14]

In response to community outcry a new LED illuminated cross was installed in 2013. The new cross, funded by community donations and with work donated by local construction companies, is a steel structure that stands 65 feet (20 m) high and 26 feet (7.9 m) wide. The state of the art LED lighting system allows the cross to change color based on the Roman Catholic Liturgical colors.[15]

On December 22, 2013, the new cross was illuminated.[16] Since the revival of the cross, the once-overgrown land has been cleared of trees and underbrush. Smaller projects have been put in place to refurbish small areas of the property.[citation needed]

On September 14, 2014, the site reopened to the public for the first time in 30 years with an inaugural Mass. The area is now open to the general public during daylight hours.[citation needed]

On 11 August 2018, Archbishop Leonard Paul Blair of the Archdiocese of Hartford celebrated a Mass at the park honoring the legacy of Father Michael McGivney, who is under Vatican consideration for sainthood. McGivney was the founder of the Knights of Columbus and a native of Waterbury.[17]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Klatzker, David (2002). "The Holy Land of America". America and Zion: Essays and Papers in Memory of Moshe Davis: 250. ISBN 978-0-8143-3034-0. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Frances, Chamberlain (November 4, 2001). "The View From/Waterbury; A Hilltop Landmark Undergoes a Revival". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  3. ^ a b Paul, Zielbauer (November 12, 2001). "A Sight That Inspires Ambivalence; Ruins of a Religious Park Await Restorers or the Bulldozer". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  4. ^ Katsev, Libbie (20 October 2014). "The Miniature Holy Land". The New Journal. Yale. Retrieved 15 April 2024.
  5. ^ a b "Holy Land USA". Roadside America. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d Anne Marie, Sommer (August 28, 2005). "At Holy Land USA, A Vision Crumbles". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Former Holy Land U.S.A. theme park in Waterbury continues to crumble". New Haven Register. 26 May 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  8. ^ Jack, Sheedy (July 3, 2008). "Cross May Spark Revival of Holy Land USA". The Catholic Transcript. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  9. ^ Grossman, Andrew (22 July 2010). "A Murder Puts Focus On Holy Land U.S.A." Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Chloe Ottman Murdered at Holy Land USA". CBS News. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  11. ^ Dempsey, Christine (17 June 2011). "Waterbury Man Sentenced To 55 Years In Holy Land Murder". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Connecticut State Department of Correction Inmate Information". CT Gov. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  13. ^ Davidow, Bernard T. (28 June 2013). "Holy Land U.S.A. Purchase Would Restore Giant Lighted Cross On Waterbury Hill". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  14. ^ Davidow, Bernard T. (5 July 2013). "Raising Waterbury's Holy Land From Ruins". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  15. ^ Dempsey, Christine (June 17, 2011). "Waterbury Man Sentenced to 55 years in Holy Land Murder". Courant Community. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Holy Land cross lit up in time for Christmas". News 8 (WTNH.com). 22 December 2013. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  17. ^ "Outdoor Mass Saturday at Waterbury's Holy Land USA Hilltop".

External links edit