Holmwood House is the finest and most elaborate residential villa designed by the Scottish architect Alexander "Greek" Thomson. It is also rare in retaining much of its original interior decor, and being open to the public. A Category A listed building, the villa is located at 61-63 Netherlee Road, Cathcart, in the southern suburbs of Glasgow, and is owned by the National Trust for Scotland.
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Town or city||Glasgow|
|Design and construction|
|Official name||61, 63 Netherlee Road, "Holmwood"|
|Designated||17 June 1967|
Holmwood is considered to be immensely influential by several architectural historians, because the design as published in Villa and Cottage Architecture: select examples of country and suburban residence recently erected in 1868 may have influenced Frank Lloyd Wright and other proto-modernist architects.
Holmwood was constructed for James Couper, a paper manufacturer in 1857–1858. Couper and his brother Robert owned the Millholm paper mill in the valley of the White Water of Cart immediately below the villa. The principal rooms of Holmwood were orientated towards the view of Cathcart Castle (demolished in 1980). The cost of the house was £2,608:4:11d; the coach house, greenhouse & outbuildings cost a further £1,009:19:6d; and the gates an additional £75:2:0d
The polychromatic decoration was designed by Thomson and executed by Campbell Tait Bowie. The most notable survival is in the dining room which has a frieze of panels enlarged from John Flaxman's illustrations of Homer's Iliad. The sculpture on the hall chimneypiece was by George Mossman.
Holmwood was altered in the 1920s by the owner, James Gray. After World War II it was purchased by a local vet, James McElhone and his family, wife Betty and children: Rosemary, James, Helen and Paul. Holmwood was then sold to the Sisters of Our Lady of the Missions who obliterated much of the original decoration with plain paint. The gardener's cottage was demolished in the 1970s; the grounds and those of an adjacent villa were used for a Catholic primary school.
The nuns put the property on the market in the early 1990s, and there was a danger that the grounds would be developed for housing, destroying the setting of the villa. Following an appeal, Holmwood was acquired by the National Trust for Scotland in 1994 with the support of £1.5million from the National Heritage Memorial Fund. It was restored by Page\Park Architects in 1997–1998. Their work included undoing the 1920s alterations and rebuilding the connecting screen wall to the coach house. Patrick Baty carried out the paint analysis.
City of Architecture and DesignEdit
In 1999, the Clydesdale Bank issued a £20 note to mark Glasgow's celebrations as UK City of Architecture and Design which featured an illustration of the dome of Holmwood House, along with the Lighthouse building on the reverse. The obverse side carried a portrait of Thomson.
Holmwood, South AustraliaEdit
A second 'Holmwood' was constructed in 1885 for the wealthy mining magnate, benefactor and politician, William Austin Horn, at North Walkerville, Adelaide. The house was built posthumously from Thomson designs published in Villa and Cottage Architecture: select examples of country and suburban residence recently erected by Blackie & Son Publishing in 1868. This published work also included other Thomson designs, including his Romanesque Craig Ailey Villa at Cove on the Firth of Clyde. Although Holmwood was based on Thomson's designs and closely resembles Holmwood House, modifications were made to the internal design making the room layouts significantly different.
- "Villa and Cottage Architecture: select examples of country and suburban residence recently erected". Blackie & Son. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Holmwood House (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, Bulletin Photographs, 1993), The Glasgow Story
- "Banknote Design Features : Clydesdale Bank". The Committee of Scottish Clearing Bankers. Archived from the original on 30 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- "Thomson Buildings : ADELAIDE, South Australia". The Alexander Thomson Society. Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- "CraigAiley.co.uk: Villa and Cottage Architecture: Criticism and Drawings Plates reproduced from Villa and Cottage Architecture, Blackie, (1868), pp 18-21". Ken Owen / Blackie & Son. Archived from the original on 13 May 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Alexander Thomson's Holmwood House Features renderings and photographs of Holmwood House.
- Detailed history on National Trust for Scotland Education website
- Holmwood visitor details on National Trust for Scotland general website
- 'Scotland’s hidden wonders: Holmwood House, Glasgow by Sofiane Kennouche' in The Scotsman, 22 October 2015