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The Hollandse (or Hollandsche) IJssel (pronounced [ˌɦɔlɑntsə ˈʔɛisəl]; "Holland IJssel", as opposed to the 'regular' or Gelderland IJssel) is a branch of the Rhine delta that flows westward from Nieuwegein on river Lek through IJsselstein, Gouda and Capelle aan den IJssel to Krimpen aan den IJssel, where it ends in the Nieuwe Maas. Another branch called Enge IJssel ("Narrow IJssel") flows southwest from Nieuwegein. The name IJssel is thought to derive from the Germanic i sala, meaning "dark water". Originally, the Hollandse IJssel forked off from river Lek at Nieuwegein, but the connection was cut off with the Hollandse IJssel nowadays only draining the surrounding pastures.

Hollandse IJssel
HollandseIJssel.Doorslag.JPG
Location Hollandse IJssel.PNG
Location of Hollandse IJssel in dark blue.
Location
CountryNetherlands
StateSouth Holland, Utrecht
Physical characteristics
SourceMerwede Canal
 ⁃ locationNieuwegein, Utrecht
 ⁃ coordinates52°01′57″N 5°05′27″E / 52.03250°N 5.09083°E / 52.03250; 5.09083
MouthNieuwe Maas
 ⁃ location
Rotterdam, South Holland
 ⁃ coordinates
51°54′29″N 4°33′40″E / 51.90806°N 4.56111°E / 51.90806; 4.56111Coordinates: 51°54′29″N 4°33′40″E / 51.90806°N 4.56111°E / 51.90806; 4.56111
Length46 km (29 mi)

If the North Sea floods, the Hollandse IJssel allows water through the Rotterdam Waterway to flood low-lying land east of Rotterdam. The Delta Works included a steel barrier that can be lowered within minutes to block the waterway.[1] The sea protection constructions were built at the mouth of the Hollandse IJssel in 1957.

Satellite image of Utrecht metro area showing the upper stretch of the Hollandse IJssel (f).
Satellite image of the northwestern part of the Rhine-Meuse delta showing the lower stretch of river Hollandse IJssel (m).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ley, Willy (October 1961). "The Home-Made Land". For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 92–106.