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Holarchaea is a spider genus with only two described species as of September 2016,[1] although there may be undescribed species from New Zealand.[2] It was formerly placed as the only genus in the family Holarchaeidae, but is now placed in Anapidae by the World Spider Catalog.[1]

Holarchaea
Holarchaea.jpg
Holarchaea species from New Zealand, possibly Holarchaea novaeseelandiae
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Anapidae
Genus: Holarchaea
Forster, 1955[1]
Species

See text

Distribution.holarchaeidae.1.png

They are only up to 1.5 mm in size and shiny black to beige in color.[2] Together with the Uloboridae and possibly the Mesothelae, they are one of three taxa of spiders known to lack venom glands.

Distribution and habitatEdit

Holarchaea species are known only from the forests of Tasmania and New Zealand, where they live in microhabitats with consistently high humidity.[2]

SpeciesEdit

Holarchaea Forster, 1955

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Gen. Holarchaea Forster, 1955", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2018-05-13
  2. ^ a b c Rix, Michael G. Holarchaeid Spiders. Australian Arachnological Society. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  • Forster, R. R. & N. I. Platnick (1984). A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 178:1-106. Abstract - PDF (60Mb)
  • Meier J. & White J. (eds) (1995). Handbook of Clinical Toxicology of Animal Venoms and Poisons. Boca Raton: CRC Press.