Hobbit Day is a name used for September 22 in reference to its being the birthday of the hobbits Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, two fictional characters in J. R. R. Tolkien's popular set of books The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. According to the fictional setting, Bilbo was born in the year of 2890 and Frodo in the year of 2968 in the Third Age (1290 and 1368 respectively in Shire-Reckoning.)
Tolkien Week is the week containing Hobbit Day.
The American Tolkien Society first proclaimed Hobbit Day and Tolkien Week in 1978, and defines them as : "Tolkien Week is observed as the calendar week containing September 22, which is always observed as Hobbit Day", but acknowledges that Hobbit Day pre-dates their designation.
Due to the discrepancies between the fictional Shire calendar and the Gregorian calendar there is some debate about when to celebrate Hobbit Day, since the actual birthday would be between September 12 and 14 in the Gregorian calendar, as explained in the appendices of The Lord of the Rings.
The Fellowship of the Ring opened with a celebration of Bilbo's birthday. It was a large party with food, fireworks, dancing and much merriment.
Some schools and libraries use this as an opportunity to pique interest in Tolkien's work by putting up displays and hosting events.
According to The Lord of the Rings appendices, "There is no record of the Shire-folk commemorating either March 25 or September 22; but in the Westfarthing, especially in the country round Hobbiton Hill, there grew a custom of making holiday and dancing in the Party Field, when weather permitted, on April 6." In Gondor, however, "in honour of Frodo Yavannie 30, which corresponded to the former September 22, his birthday, was made a festival, and the leap-year was provided for by doubling this feast, called Cormare or Ringday."
Another related day celebrated by fans is March 25. This is celebrated as the Fall of Sauron. As of 2003 that day is known as Tolkien Reading Day, an event to encourage the use of Tolkien's works in education and library reading groups.
- "Hobbit Day and Tolkien Week".
- "When was Bilbo and Frodo's Birthday?".
- "8 Academic Holidays". Neatorama.
- "Calendars of Imladris, Gondor and the Shire v1.2b".
- Tolkien, J. R. R. (1954). The Lord of the Rings. George Allen & Unwin. p. Appendix D.
- http://www.practicallyedible.com/edible.nsf/pages/hobbitday!opendocument&keytype=number&startkey=9[permanent dead link]
- The Lord of the Rings 50th Anniversary text, page 1112.
- "Tolkien Reading Day". The Tolkien Society. 30 October 2016.
- The Calendars of Imladris, Gondor and the Shire... Essay about how Tolkien's calendars correspond to the Gregorian calendar.