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The Hmar language belongs to the Kukish branch of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. The speakers of the language are also known as Hmar. According to the official 2011 Census of India, there are 30,000 Hmar speakers in Assam, 48,000 in Manipur,1,000 in Meghalaya, 29,000 in Mizoram although Majority of the Hmars in Mizoram speak Duhlian.

Hmar
Pronunciation [m̥a]
Native to India
Region Mizoram, Manipur, Assam, Tripura, and Meghalaya
Ethnicity Hmar
Native speakers
110,000 (2011 census)[1]
Dialects
  • Khawsak
  • Zote†

Lungṭau† Ṭhiek

  • Darngawn†

Khawbung† Lawitlang† Ngurte† Hrangkhol

  • Anal

Lamkang Moyon Monsang Maring

  • Rongmei

Liangmai Zeme Inpui Puimei

  • Lusei

Ralte† Hualngo

  • Vaiphei

Simte Gangte Thado Paite Zou

  • Faihriem

Khuolhring† Vangsie† Ngente† Changsan† Leiri†

  • Darlong

Kaipeng Bawng Bawngcher Ranglong Chorai

  • Kom

Aimol Chiru Koireng Kharam Chothe Purum Tarao

  • Bawm

Ngawn

Pang
Latin
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hmr
Glottolog hmar1241[2]

Hmar is a recognised language in the School curriculum of Assam, Manipur and Mizoram, and also recently recognised as one of the Modern Indian Languages (MIL) at Manipur University. Board of Secondary Education, Assam has also included Hmar as an MIL in its matriculation syllabus from 2005. Both Manipur University and Assam University, Silchar has also permitted HMAR LANGUAGE to be studied as Modern Indian Language in the Graduation level.

Geographical distributionEdit

Hmar is spoken in the following locations


Since Hmar speakers are scattered over a vast area in Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Chittagong Hill tracts, NC Hills and Cachar districts of Assam state and Myanmar, there appears to be slight dialectal distinction. There is no homogeneous settlement of Hmar speakers alone.[citation needed] In Manipur, Hmar exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Paite, Vaiphei, Simte, Kom and Gangte languages.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Distribution of the 100 non-scheduled languages[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hmar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Singh, Chungkham Yashawanta (1995). "The linguistic situation in Manipur" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area. 18 (1): 129–134. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 

External linksEdit