Hlučín

Hlučín (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦlutʃiːn]; German: Hultschin; Polish: Hulczyn) is a town in Opava District the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 14,000 inhabitants. It is the centre of the Hlučín Region.

Hlučín

Hulczyn
Hultschin
Town
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Hlučín
Flag
Coat of arms of Hlučín
Coat of arms
Hlučín is located in Czech Republic
Hlučín
Hlučín
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°53′48″N 18°11′35″E / 49.89667°N 18.19306°E / 49.89667; 18.19306Coordinates: 49°53′48″N 18°11′35″E / 49.89667°N 18.19306°E / 49.89667; 18.19306
Country Czech Republic
RegionMoravian-Silesian
DistrictOpava
First mentioned1303
Government
 • MayorPavel Paschek
Area
 • Total21.13 km2 (8.16 sq mi)
Elevation
241 m (791 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total13,931
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
748 01
Websitewww.hlucin.cz

Administrative partsEdit

The villages Bobrovníky (German: Bobrownik, since 1939: Biberswald) and Darkovičky (German: Kleindarkowitz) belong to the town of Hlučín.

HistoryEdit

Hlučín was part of the Duchy of Opava before the latter was partitioned along the Opava River between Habsburg Austria and the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 by the Treaty of Berlin after the First Silesian War. The town was administered within the Prussian Province of Silesia until 1920, when it was made part of Czechoslovakia following World War I. The transferral of the Hlučín Region sparked controversy between Germans, Czechs and Poles. By a biased interpretation of the law, the new Czechoslovak authorities banned schooling in German even though German-speakers constituted a majority in the town.[2]

After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Hlučín was annexed by Nazi Germany and again made part of Prussian Silesia, with its German name Hultschin restored to use. Hlučín was restored to Czechoslovakia in 1945 and German-speakers were expelled.

However, different from most of the area of former Sudetenland, Hlučín's German-speakers were spared an expulsion en bloc. Today, a sizable fraction of the residents are bi-nationals having also a German citizenship. [3]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Hlučín is twinned with:[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Jan Mareš (2018). "Teschen oder das vergessene Dreiländereck". In Dagmara Jajeśniak-Quast, Uwe Rada (ed.). Die vergessene Grenze (in German). be-bra Verlag.
  3. ^ Landeszeitung
  4. ^ "Setkání s partnerskými městy" (in Czech). Město Hlučín. 2019-07-13. Retrieved 2020-09-12.

External linksEdit