Hlohovec

Hlohovec (German: Freistad(l) an der Waag, Hungarian Galgóc, is a town in southwestern Slovakia, with a population of 21,508.

Hlohovec
Town
Hlohovec, view from south
Hlohovec, view from south
Flag of Hlohovec
Flag
Coat of arms of Hlohovec
Coat of arms
Hlohovec is located in Trnava Region
Hlohovec
Hlohovec
Location of Hlohovec in the Trnava Region
Hlohovec is located in Slovakia
Hlohovec
Hlohovec
Hlohovec (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°26′00″N 17°48′12″E / 48.43333°N 17.80333°E / 48.43333; 17.80333Coordinates: 48°26′00″N 17°48′12″E / 48.43333°N 17.80333°E / 48.43333; 17.80333
CountrySlovakia
RegionTrnava
DistrictHlohovec
First mentioned1113
Government
 • MayorMiroslav Kolár
Area
 • Total64.125 km2 (24.759 sq mi)
Elevation
156 m (512 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31[1])
 • Total21,508
 • Density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
920 01
Area code(s)+421-33
Car plateHC
Websitewww.hlohovec.sk

NameEdit

The name comes from *Glogovec, the Old Slavic name for a place densely overgrown by hawthorn. The Hungarian form Galgóc was adopted before a phonological change g > h in Slovak language.[2]

HistoryEdit

The first written evidence of its existence is from 1113, when a town with the name Galgocz was mentioned in the so-called Second Zobor Document. In 1362 Hlohovec obtained town privileges. Ottoman troops captured city and annexed it to the sanjak of Uyvar as the Holok eyalet in 1663. Austrian troops retook it in 1685.

LandmarksEdit

 
Aerial photography of the castle

The dominant building is a Renaissance-Baroque castle built in 1720. The castle is built on the place of a pre-existing Slavic settlement and a medieval castle. In the castle area is the Empire theatre built in 1802, a riding school from the 18th century, and a Baroque garden pavilion.

In the middle of St. Michael Square stands the Gothic church of St. Michael with its highly decorated portal. Next to the church is the Chapel of Saint Anna from the 18th century. In the northern border of the central part of the town is the Franciscan church and monastery built in 1492. Part of the monastery premises nowadays occupies the Museum of National History and Geography.

The most visited and beautiful natural part of town is the castle park with its lake, French terraces, and rare wood-species, especially old sycamore trees.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 1910 census the town had 7749 inhabitants: 5645 Slovaks 1401 Hungarians and 667 Germans, 83.6% of the people were Roman Catholic, 13.7% Jewish and 2.1% Lutheran. According to the 2001 census, the town had 23,729 inhabitants. 97.85% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 0.72% Roma and 0.63% Czechs.[3] The religious make-up was 79.58% Roman Catholics, 14.85% people with no religious affiliation and 2.44% Lutherans.[3]

Famous peopleEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Hlohovec is twinned with:[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. ^ Martin Štefánik - Ján Lukačka et al. 2010, Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku, Historický ústav SAV, Bratislava, pp. 164, ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5. http://forumhistoriae.sk/-/lexikon-stredovekych-miest-na-slovensku Archived 2017-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
  4. ^ "Úvodná strana" (in Slovak). Hlohovec. Retrieved 2019-09-03.

Genealogical resourcesEdit

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bratislava, Nitra, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1660_1901 (parish A)
  • Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1792-1928 (parish B)

External linksEdit