Hito Çako (2 March 1923 – 5 November 1975) was an Albanian politician and lieutenant general of the People's Army of Albania. He also was among the 154 persons to whom the title "Hero of the People" ( Hero i Popullit ) was awarded.[1]

Hito Çako
Born(1923-03-02)2 March 1923
Died5 November 1975(1975-11-05) (aged 52)
Tirana, Albania
Cause of deathExecution by firing squad
Criminal charge(s)High treason
Criminal penaltydeath penalty
Family
Commander of the Naval Combat Fleet in Pashaliman
AllegianceAlbania
Service/branchNaval Force
Years of service1961–1974
RankLieutenant General

LifeEdit

Born in Progonat in 2 March 1923, he joined LANÇ and the Albanian Communist Party in 1942. He was interned in Italy in 1942–3 until the country's capitulation to the allied forces. Upon returning to Albania, he joined the 5th Attacking Brigade and was promoted to the rank of political commissar. In 1944 he was promoted to the rank of vice-commander of the 2nd Attacking Corps. Of his relatives Rakip (1923–1943) died in Shëntriadhë fighting the Italian army, while Remzi and Shefqet (1924–1944) died fighting the German army in Cepo and Qesarat respectively.[2]

After Teme Sejko's purge he acted as political vice-admiral of the fleet until Sejko's replacement by Abdi Mati. Çako was a long-standing member of the party's Central Committee and a deputy of Vlorë County in the Albanian parliament until 1974, when in the first phases of the Sino-Albanian split he was accused of being a member of a pro-PRC coup d'état headed by party leader Beqir Balluku. He was executed by firing squad in 1975.[3]

On 18 July 2000, his body was exhumed at the request of his family and interred together with Balluku's body in a secret grave in Hore-Vranisht in Vlorë District.

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Fjalor enciklopedik i viktimave të terrorit komunist (A-Ç) (PDF). Tirana: Instituti i Studimit të Krimeve dhe Pasojave të Komunizmit (ISKK). 2012. p. 238. ISBN 978-9928-168-01-6.
  2. ^ Meçaj, Nasip; Çelaj, Xhemil; Toçi, Fatmir (2009). Enciklopedi e Kurveleshit. TOENA. p. 61. ISBN 978-99943-1-496-6.
  3. ^ Hodos, George H. (1987). Show Trials: Stalinist Purges in Eastern Europe, 1948-1954. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 167. ISBN 9780275927837. Retrieved 16 December 2012.