History of the Russians in Baltimore
The history of the Russians in Baltimore dates back to the mid-19th century. The Russian community is a growing population and constitutes a major source of new immigrants to the city. Historically the Russian community was centered in East Baltimore, but most Russians now live in Northwest Baltimore's Arlington neighborhood and in Baltimore's suburb of Pikesville.
In 1920, 4,632 foreign-born White people in Baltimore spoke the Russian language, many of them being Russian-speaking Jews. Russian was the second most widely spoken Slavic or Eastern European language in the city after the Polish language.
In the 1930 United States Census, Russian-Americans were the largest foreign-born group in Baltimore. In that year 17,500 Russian-born immigrants lived in the city and more than 24,000 Baltimoreans were of Russian parentage.
The Russian community in the Baltimore metropolitan area numbered 35,763 as of 2000, making up 1.4% of the area's population. In the same year Baltimore city's Russian population was 5,526, 0.8% of the city's population. 19,430 Russians live in adjacent Baltimore County and in total 7.2% of the Baltimore metropolitan area's foreign-born population is Russian-American.
As of 2005, the Baltimore region had the 15th-largest Russian-speaking population in the United States.
In 2013, an estimated 5,647 Russian-Americans resided in Baltimore city, 0.9% of the population.
Most Russian immigrants to Baltimore have been Russian Jews. In the 1930 United States Census there were 17,000 Russians living in the city, most of whom were Jewish. In comparison to Baltimore's wealthy and assimilated German Jews, the Russian Jews were largely poor and lived in slums with other Russians. The German-Russian divide among Baltimore's Jewry lead many Jews from Russia to associate more with the Russian community than the wider Jewish community. Baltimore's Russian community, including the Russian Jews, was originally centered in Southeast Baltimore. The largest wave of Russian-Jewish immigrants to Baltimore occurred during the 1880s. A second wave of Russian-Jewish immigrants came during the 1990s, following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
While most people of Russian descent in Baltimore are Jewish, a significant minority are Christians, mostly from the Russian Orthodox Church. Ethnic Russians from Belarus established the Transfiguration of our Lord Russian Orthodox Church in 1963 in order to serve the needs of the Russian Orthodox community. Russian Orthodox Christians also established the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church.
To facilitate the integration of Russian immigrants into American society, the Baltimore branch of the HIAS established a bilingual Russian-English newspaper titled The News Exchange in May, 1978.
In the 1990 United States Census over 30,000 people of Russian descent lived in Baltimore and Baltimore County. At the time, over 400 Russian-speaking people settled in the Baltimore area each year.
Ze Mean Bean Café in Fell's Point opened in 1995. It is a restaurant which offers Russian cuisine, as well as other Slavic and Eastern European fare.
An annual Russian Festival is held at the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church in October. The festival celebrates Russian heritage, history, and cuisine.
Notable Russian-Americans from BaltimoreEdit
- Bernard Ades, a Communist lawyer who is most known for his defense of Euel Lee, an African American.
- Ben Cardin, a Democratic politician who serves as the junior United States Senator from Maryland in office since 2007.
- Meyer Cardin, a jurist who served as an associate judge on the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City.
- Mary Dobkin, a Russian-born amateur sports coach and advocate for children.
- Cass Elliot (Mama Cass), a singer and member of The Mamas & the Papas.
- Daniel Ellison, a U.S. Representative from Maryland.
- Samuel Friedel, a Democratic Congressman who represented the 7th congressional district of Maryland from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1971.
- Nick Kisner, Professional Boxer, who has Chechen roots on his mother’s side.
- Barry Levinson, a screenwriter, Academy Award winning film director, actor, and producer of film and television.
- Jessica Long, a United States Paralympic swimmer who is the current world record holder in 10 Paralympic events.
- David Macht, a Pharmacologist and Doctor of Hebrew Literature responsible for many contributions to pharmacology during the first half of the 20th century.
- Tatyana McFadden, a United States Paralympian athlete competing in the category T54.
- Paul Israel Pickman, a film director, screenwriter, producer, newspaper publisher and columnist.
- Steven Posner, a corporate raider who worked together on a number of major hostile takeovers along with his father Victor Posner.
- Victor Posner, a businessman known as one of the highest paid business executives of his generation.
- Carroll Rosenbloom, a businessman who was owner of the Baltimore Colts and the Los Angeles Rams.
- Max Scherr, an underground newspaper editor and publisher known for his iconoclastic 1960s weekly the Berkeley Barb.
- Alan Shulman, a composer and cellist.
- Simon Sobeloff, an attorney and jurist.
- Leon Uris, a novelist known for his historical fiction.
- Morris Zimmerman, a notable craftsman, merchant and businessman.
- "Foreign Immigration". Maryland Department of Planning. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Carpenter, Niles (1927). Immigrants and their children, 1920. A study based on census statistics relative to the foreign born and the native white of foreign or mixed parentage. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. p. 380. Retrieved 2014-11-25.
- "Moscow Nights: Getting Down With Baltimore's Burgeoning Eastern Bloc". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved 2014-11-03.
- Durr, Kenneth D. (1998). "Why we are troubled": white working-class politics in Baltimore, 1940-1980. Washington, D.C.: American University. p. 23. Retrieved 2015-05-31.
- "Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "Social Statistics Baltimore, Maryland". Infoplease. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "`I feel myself at home here': The region's thousands of Russian immigrants are thriving". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "Immigration and the 2010 Census Governor's 2010 CensusOutreach Initiatives" (PDF). Maryland State Data Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- "`I feel myself at home here'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". American FactFinder. Retrieved 2015-03-17.
- "The Role of Immigrants in Growing Baltimore: Recommendations to Retain and Attract New Americans" (PDF). WBAL-TV. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-10-31.
- American Guide Series (1940). Maryland: A Guide to the Old Line State. United States: Federal Writers' Project. OCLC 814094.
- Hill, Jayme Rae (2008). From the Brothel to the Block: Politics and Prostitution in Baltimore During the Progressive Era. Baltimore, Maryland: University of Maryland, Baltimore County. pp. 33–4. ISBN 9780549684848. OCLC 434829400. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "DiverCity: From Russian With Love". Baltimore Magazine. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22.
- Durr, Kenneth D. (2003). Behind the Backlash: White Working-Class Politics in Baltimore, 1940-1980. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. p. 225. ISBN 0-8078-2764-9. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- Fred Shoken. "A History of the B'nai Israel Congregation of Baltimore City". Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". Shaarei Tfiloh Synagogue, Baltimore City. Maryland Historical Trust. 2014-02-13.
- Waxman, Chaim Isaac (1983). America's Jews in Transition. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-877-22321-1. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- "A Way To 'Defend Our Culture'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "Baltimore's Favorite Old World Restaurant Debuts Hot New Look Inspired by Three Generations of Family-Owned Ze Mean Bean Café". Marketwired. Retrieved 2014-08-12.
- "Best Russian Foods In Baltimore". CBS Baltimore. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Pamela Wood (June 16, 2013). "Slavic heritage celebrated at museum dedication". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-10-31.