Historia Salonitanorum atque Spalatinorum pontificum or the History of the Bishops of Salona and Split (Croatian: Povijest biskupa Salone i Splita), commonly known simply as the Historia Salonitana, is a chronicle by Thomas the Archdeacon from the 13th century which contains significant information about the early history of the Croats.
It was first published by Johannes Lucius. An extended version of this work, known as the Historia Salonitana maior was published in the 16th century, and critical editions of both have been republished by Nada Klaić (Belgrade: Naucno delo, 1967).
The chronicle gives an account of the arrival of the Croats:
- From the Polish territories called Lingonia seven or eight tribal clans arrived under Totilo. When they saw that the Croatian land would be suitable for habitation because in it there were few Roman colonies, they sought and obtained for their duke...The people called Croats...Many call them Goths, and likewise Slavs, according to the particular name of those who arrived from Poland and Bohemia.
The chronicle notes that by the time of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius and Pope John IV, some Croats had been converted to Christianity. Both these men died in the mid 7th century, which leaves an estimate of the actual arrival of the Croats to the Adriatic at sometime in the early part of the century.
- Matijević Sokol, Mirjana (2007). "Archdeacon Thomas of Split (1200–1268) – A source of early Croatian History". Review of Croatian History (1): 251–269. Gioanni, Stéphane (2009), The bishops of Salona (2nd-7th century) in the Historia Salonitana by Thomas the Archdeacon (13th century): history and hagiography, in Écrire l’histoire des évêques et des papes, Fr. Bougard and M. Sot (edd.), Brepols, pp. 243-263 [French text].
- John Van Antwerp Fine (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans. University of Michigan Press. pp. 142–3, 631. ISBN 0-472-08260-4.
- Florin Curta, Paul Stephenson (2006). Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-521-81539-8.