Hirsau (formerly Hirschau) is a district of the town of Calw in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, located in the south-west portion of the country, about two miles north of Calw and about twenty-four miles west of Stuttgart.
Stadtteil of Calw
|Elevation||341 m (1,119 ft)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Hirsau's economy includes small retail establishments, tourism, and light industry. There is a saw mill on the Ernstmuhlerweg, the road that runs along the railroad in the post card pasted above. The saw mill is a long building at the upper edge (in the picture) of town.
The town grew round the Benedictine monastery that is its main historical significance and was once among the most famous in Europe. It was founded in about 830 by Count Erlafried of Calw and re-founded, after a period of collapse, in 1059. William of Hirsau, abbot from 1069 to 1091, brought it to international prominence as the origin of the Hirsau Reforms. It was secularised in 1558, and the buildings destroyed by the French in 1692.
- Baer, 1897. Die Hirsauer Bauschule. Freiburg.
- Giseke, 1883. Die Hirschauer während des Investiturstreits. Gotha.
- Helmsdorfer, 1874. Forschungen zur Geschichte des Abts Wilhelm von Hirschau. Göttingen
- Klaiber, C.H., 1886. Das Kloster Hirschau. Tübingen.
- Steck, 1844. Das Kloster Hirschau
- Süssmann, 1903. Forschungen zur Geschichte des Klosters Hirschau. Halle.
- Weizsäcker, 1898. Führer durch die Geschichte des Klosters Hirschau. Stuttgart
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- (in German) Hirsau im Nagoldtal
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