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Hinode (日の出町, Hinode-machi) is a town located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 17,141, and a population density of 611 persons per km². Its total area is 28.07 square kilometres (10.84 sq mi).

Hinode

日の出町
Hinode Town Hall
Hinode Town Hall
Flag of Hinode
Flag
Official seal of Hinode
Seal
Location of Hinode in Tokyo
Location of Hinode in Tokyo
Hinode is located in Japan
Hinode
Hinode
 
Coordinates: 35°44′31.6″N 139°15′16.5″E / 35.742111°N 139.254583°E / 35.742111; 139.254583Coordinates: 35°44′31.6″N 139°15′16.5″E / 35.742111°N 139.254583°E / 35.742111; 139.254583
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
DistrictNishitama
Area
 • Total28.07 km2 (10.84 sq mi)
Population
 (February 2016)
 • Total17,141
 • Density611/km2 (1,580/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeAbies firma
• FlowerWisteria floribunda, sakura
• BirdJapanese bush warbler
Phone number042-597-0511
Address2780 Hirai, Hinode-machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 190-0192
Websitewww.town.hinode.tokyo.jp
Hinde Seiundo, former Prime Minister Nakasone's retreat

GeographyEdit

Hinode is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo. The highest point is Mount Hinode at 902 m. The Hirai and Ōguno Rivers drain the town.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Hinode was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Nishitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The villages of Hirai and Ōguno were created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Nishitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. The village of Hinode was formed in 1955 by the merger of Hirai and Ōguno. Hindi was elevated to town status on June 1, 1974.

Former Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone had a cottage, Hinode Sansō in Hinode. In 1983, while he was in office, Nakasone invited US president Ronald Reagan there, and held US-Japan summit in an informal atmosphere to establish friendly personal relations. After his resignation as prime minister, Nakasone also former South Korean president, Chun Doo-hwan, former Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev and other many foreign VIPs, including several US ambassadors at the cottage. Nakasone donated the cottage to the town of Hinode in 2006, and it is now maintained as a public park.

EconomyEdit

Forestry and timber production are important industries. Cryptomeria and hinoki are economically important. Hinode produces 200,000 coffins annually, ranking first in Japan.

EducationEdit

Hinode has three public elementary schools (Hirai, Honjuku, and Ōguno) and two public middle schools (Hirai and Ōguno). The town does not have a high school. Asia University has a subsidiary campus located in the town.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  • Hinode is not served by any passenger railway lines.

HighwaysEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit