Hinode (日の出町 Hinode-machi) is a town located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 17,141, and a population density of 611 persons per km². Its total area is 28.07 square kilometres (10.84 sq mi).
Hinode Town Hall
Location of Hinode in Tokyo
|• Total||28.07 km2 (10.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||611/km2 (1,580/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Abies firma|
|• Flower||Wisteria floribunda, sakura|
|• Bird||Japanese bush warbler|
|Address||2780 Hirai, Hinode-machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 190-0192|
Hinode is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo. The highest point is Mount Hinode at 902 m. The Hirai and Ōguno Rivers drain the town.
The area of present-day Hinode was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Nishitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The villages of Hirai and Ōguno were created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Nishitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. The village of Hinode was formed in 1955 by the merger of Hirai and Ōguno. Hindi was elevated to town status on June 1, 1974.
Former Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone had a cottage, Hinode Sansō in Hinode. In 1983, while he was in office, Nakasone invited US president Ronald Reagan there, and held US-Japan summit in an informal atmosphere to establish friendly personal relations. After his resignation as prime minister, Nakasone also former South Korean president, Chun Doo-hwan, former Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev and other many foreign VIPs, including several US ambassadors at the cottage. Nakasone donated the cottage to the town of Hinode in 2006, and it is now maintained as a public park.
Hinode has three public elementary schools (Hirai, Honjuku, and Ōguno) and two public middle schools (Hirai and Ōguno). The town does not have a high school. Asia University has a subsidiary campus located in the town.
- Hinode is not served by any passenger railway lines.
- Ken-O Expressway - Hinode IC.