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Hinduism is a major religion in Australia consisting of more than 440,300 followers, making up 1.9% of the population as of the 2016 census, up from 275,000 individuals representing 1.3% of the total Australian population according to the 2011 census[1] (up from 148,119 in the 2006 census).[2] Hinduism is one of the fastest growing religions in Australia mostly through immigration.[3] Hinduism is also one of the most youthful religions in Australia, with 34% and 66% of Hindus being under the age of 14 and 34 respectively.[4]

Australian Hindus
Total population
440,300 (2016)
1.90% of the Australian Population
Regions with significant populations
Sydney · Canberra · Melbourne · Adelaide · Perth · Brisbane
Languages
English, Indian Languages, Mauritian Creole
Year Pop. ±%
1986 21,500 —    
1991 43,580 +102.7%
1996 67,270 +54.4%
2001 95,473 +41.9%
2006 148,123 +55.1%
2011 275,534 +86.0%
2016 440,300 +59.8%

In the 19th century, the British first brought Hindus from India to Australia to work on cotton and sugar plantations. Many remained as small businessmen, working as camel drivers, merchants and hawkers, selling goods between small rural communities. These days Hindus are well educated professionals in fields such as medicine, engineering, commerce and information technology, constituting a model minority. The Hindus in Australia are mostly of Indian, Sri Lankan, Fijian, Malaysia, Singapore, Nepali, and Bangladesh origin, with some originating from other parts of the Indian subcontinent including Sindh.[citation needed]

The majority of Australian Hindus live along the Eastern Coast of Australia and are mainly located in the cities of Melbourne and Sydney. As a community Hindus live relatively peacefully and in harmony with the local populations. They have established a number of temples and other religious meeting places and celebrate most Hindu festivals.

Year Percent Increase
1986 0.14% -
1991 0.25% +0.11%
1996 0.38% +0.13%
2001 0.51% +0.13%
2006 0.75% +0.24%
2011 1.28% +0.53%
2016 1.90% +0.62%

Contents

TimelineEdit

The following dates briefly outline the arrival of Hinduism.

  • As early as 300AD – Indonesian Hindu merchants make contact with Australian Aborigines.[citation needed]
  • 1788 – Indian crews from Bay of Bengal came to Australia on trading ships.[5]
  • 1816 – Domestic servants in European households left the port of Calcutta to take up labouring work in Sydney.
  • 1844 – P. Friell who had previously lived in India, brought 25 domestic workers from India to Sydney and these included a few women and children.[6]
  • 1850s – A Hindu Sindhi merchant, Shri Pammull, built a family opal trade in Melbourne that has prosperously continued with his third-to fourth-generation descendants.[7]
  • 1857 – The census showed a mere 277 Hindus in Victoria. The gold rush years attracted many Indians to Australia and across the borders to the gold mines in Victoria.
  • 1893 – The census showed that 521 Hindus were living in New South Wales.
  • 1901 – Just about 800 Indians lived in Australia, the majority of them lived in northern NSW and Queensland.
  • 1911 – The census counted 3698 Hindus in the entire country.[8]
  • 1921 – Less than 2200 Indians lived in Australia.
  • 1971 – Swami Prabhupada arrives in Australia and founded first Hare Krishna centre in Sydney.[9]
  • 1977 – The first Hindu temple in Australia, the Sri Mandir Temple, was built. Established by three devotees; Dr Prem Shankar (from Ujhani, UP), Dr Padmanabn Shrindhar Prabhu and Dr Anand, who bought an old house in Auburn NSW and paid $12000.00 to convert it into a temple.[10][11]
  • 1981 – The census recorded 12,466 Hindus in Victoria and 12,256 in NSW from a total of 41,730 in the entire country.
  • 1985 – A Hindu society, the Saiva Manram, was formed to build a temple for Lord Murukan. Since its inception, Lord Murukan has been called 'Sydney Murukan'. The Saiva Manram has worked hard for nearly ten years to build a temple for Lord Murukan.
  • 1986 – According to the 1986 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 21,000.
  • 1991 – According to the 1991 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 43,000.
  • 1996 – Hindus with their birthplace in India made up 31 per cent of all Hindus in Australia. But the census also showed there were 67,270 Hindus living in Australia.[12]
  • 2001 – According to the 2001 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 95,000.[13]
  • 2003 – Sri Karphaga Vinayakar Temple was formed to build a temple for Lord Ganesha/Ganapathi/Vinayakar. Since its inception, Lord Ganesh has been called 'Sydney Ganesh Temple'. "www.vinayakar.org.au"
  • 2006 – According to the 2006 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 145,000.[14]
  • 2011 – According to the 2011 census, the number of Hindus in Australia surpasses 275,000.[15]
  • 2015 – Daniel Mookhey becomes the first Australian MP to be sworn into office by swearing his/her oath on the Bhagavad Gita.[16]

Hindus by State/TerritoryEdit

 
People who are affiliated with Hinduism as a percentage of the total population in Australia divided geographically by statistical local area, as of the 2011 census

Data from the 2011 Census showed that all states(and A.C.T and the Northern Territory) apart from New South Wales had their Hindu population double from the 2006 census. New South Wales has had the largest number of Hindus since at least 2001.

State/Territory Population 2011 Census Percentage 2011 Census Population 2006 Census Percentage 2006 Census 2006–2011 Growth Reference
New South Wales 119,843 1.7% 73,717 1.1% +46,126 [17]
Victoria 83,102 1.6% 42,248 0.9% +40,854 [18]
Queensland 28,609 0.7% 14,040 0.4% +14,569 [19]
Western Australia 21,048 0.9% 8,110 0.4% +12,938 [20]
South Australia 13,616 0.9% 5,114 0.3% +8,502 [21]
Australian Capital Territory 6,053 1.7% 3,289 1.0% +2,764 [22]
Northern Territory 1,642 0.8% 536 0.3% +1,106 [23]
Tasmania 1,608 0.3% 784 0.2% +824 [24]
 
Hinduism in Metropolitan Sydney by LGA as of the 2011 Census data.
 
Hinduism in Adelaide LGA's by percentage of population as of the 2011 Australian Census.

Hindu temples in AustraliaEdit

DemographicsEdit

 
People who are affiliated with Hinduism as a percentage of the total population in Sydney divided geographically by postal area, as of the 2011 census

According to the 2006 Census, 44.16% of all Australians who were born in India were Hindu, so were 47.20% of those born in Fiji, 1.84% born in Indonesia, 3.42% from Malaysia, and 18.61% from Sri Lanka.[25]


LanguagesEdit

Less than 17% of the Australian Hindus use English as their home language. The number of Australian Hindus speaking various languages as their home language are:[26]

Language Y 2011 Y 2016 Change
Total 275,534 440,300 59.80%
Hindi 81,892 119,284 45.66%
English 39,800 58,855 47.88%
Tamil 36,940 53,766 45.55%
Nepali 21,766 50,629 132.61%
Gujarati 29,250 45,884 56.87%
Telugu 16,717 30,723 83.78%
Punjabi 9,442 16,546 75.24%
Malayalam 5,938 11,687 96.82%
Marathi 8,774 11,589 32.08%
Kannada 5,383 8,783 63.16%
Bengali 5,685 8,481 49.18%
South Asian nfd 3,531 3,770 6.77%
Indonesian 1,171 1,755 49.87%
French 1,180 1,401 18.73%
Fijian Hindustani 572 1,257 119.76%
Mauritian Creole 514 883 71.79%
Konkani 609 845 38.75%
Oriya 282 694 146.10%
Indo-Aryan nfd 1,988 633 -68.16%
Malay 435 591 35.86%
Tulu 348 543 56.03%
Sindhi 277 521 88.09%
Assamese 165 302 83.03%
Vietnamese 109 225 106.42%
Fijian 129 213 65.12%
Sinhalese 232 163 -29.74%
Italian language 158 158 0.00%
Balinese 129 156 20.93%

Image GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Byrnes, J 2007,'Hinduism', Religion and Ethics <http://www.abc.net.au/religion/stories/s790133.htm> http://www.theindiansun.com.au/top-story/australias-oldest-hindu-temple-readies-janmasthami/

  1. ^ Megan Levy (13 April 2012). "http://www.theage.com.au/national/snapshot-of-a-nation-what-the-census-reveals-about-us-20120621-20po5.html". Theage.com.au. Retrieved 10 July 2013.  External link in |title= (help)
  2. ^ "2006 Census Table : Australia". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Melbourne's fastest-growing religion". Theage.com.au. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  4. ^ http://religionsforpeaceaustralia.org.au/news/349-australias-religious-profile-from-the-2011-census.html
  5. ^ http://www.racismnoway.com.au/teaching-resources/factsheets/35.html
  6. ^ http://nriol.com/indiandiaspora/australia-indians.asp
  7. ^ http://www.hinduism-guide.com/hinduism/hinduism_in_australia.htm
  8. ^ http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1179&context=jhcs
  9. ^ http://iskconnews.org/early-disciples-celebrate-forty-years-of-iskcon-in-australia,2635/
  10. ^ http://www.srimandir.org/aboutus/history
  11. ^ http://indianherald.com.au/events/australias-oldest-temple-celebrates-its-35th-birthday/1893/
  12. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/7d12b0f6763c78caca257061001cc588/6ef598989db79931ca257306000d52b4!OpenDocument
  13. ^ http://www.ncls.org.au/default.aspx?sitemapid=338
  14. ^ http://www.oktravel.com.au/statistics/religion/hinduism/
  15. ^ http://www.visareporter.com/news-article/hinduism-fastest-growing-religion-in-australia
  16. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/labor-mlc-daniel-mookhey-makes-australian-political-history-by-swearing-on-the-bhagavad-gita-20150512-ggzo9a.html
  17. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=100&EndYear=2006
  18. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=110&EndYear=2006
  19. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=120&EndYear=2006
  20. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=140&EndYear=2006
  21. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=130&EndYear=2006
  22. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=170&EndYear=2006
  23. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=160&EndYear=2006
  24. ^ http://profile.id.com.au/australia/religion?WebID=150&EndYear=2006
  25. ^ "2914.0.55.002 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package" (Excel download). Census Dictionary, 2006 (cat.no 2901.0). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2008. 
  26. ^ "Census 2011 Australia | ABS Population Income | SBS Census Explorer". Sbs.com.au. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 

External linksEdit