High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh

The High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh[2][3] is the common high court for union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. It was established as the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 26 March 1928 by the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. The seat of the court shifts between the summer capital Srinagar and winter capital Jammu. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 17, 13 of whom are permanent judges, and 4 are additional judges.[4][5] Since 4 January 2021, the chief justice of the Court is Justice Pankaj Mithal.[6]

High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh logo.jpg
Logo of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
Established26 March 1928 [1]
JurisdictionJammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
LocationSrinagar Wing (Summer) and Jammu Wing (Winter)
Composition methodPresidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and governor of respective state
Authorized byConstitution of India
Appeals toSupreme Court of India
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement at the age of 62
Number of positions17 (13 Permanent Judges and 4 Additional Judges)
Websitewww.jkhighcourt.nic.in
Chief Justice
CurrentlyPankaj Mithal
Since4 January 2021

HistoryEdit

The High Court of Jammu and Kashmir was established by Order No. 1, issued by Maharaja Hari Singh on 26 March 1928. The Maharaja appointed Lala Kanwar Sain as the first Chief Justice, and Lala Bodh Raj Sawhney and Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain as puisne judges.[7] The High Court sat at both the winter capital of Jammu, and the summer capital of Srinagar. The Maharaja conferred letters patent on the High Court on 10 September 1943.

Puisne judge Khan Sahib Aga Syed Hussain[8] was the first Muslim Judge of the High Court. He retired as Home and Judicial Minister of Jammu and Kashmir during the Maharaja Rule.[9]

In August 2018, the High Court got its first and second woman judges with Justice Sindhu Sharma, who was appointed as a judge, and Justice Gita Mittal, who was appointed as the chief justice.[citation needed]

In August 2019, a Reorganisation Bill was passed by both houses of the Indian Parliament. This bill reorganised the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories—Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh—as of 31 October 2019. After this reorganisation, the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir continued serving as the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh for both union territories.

Justice Pankaj Mithal was appointed as the most recent chief justice of the High Court on 4 January 2021.[6]

List of former chief justicesEdit

List of former chief justices
# Chief Justice Term
1 Kanwar Sain 27 April 1928–16 February 1931
2 Birjor Dalal 16 February 1931–24 November 1936
3 Abdul Qayoom 24 November 1936–20 July 1940
4 Rachpal Singh 13 August 1940–6 March 1942
5 Ganga Nath 24 June 1942–23 October 1945
6 S.K. Ghose 29 March 1946–29 March 1948
7 Janki Nath Wazir 30 March 1948–2 December 1967
8 Syed Murtaza Fazl Ali 3 December 1967–1 April 1975
9 Raja Jaswant Singh 2 April 1975–23 January 1976
10 M.R.A. Ansari 23 January 1976–8 November 1977
11 Mian Jalal-ud-Din 15 February 1978–22 February 1980
12 Mufti Baha-ud-Din 7 March 1983–23 August 1983
13 Vazhakkulangarayil Khalid 24 August 1983–24 June 1984
14 Adarsh Sein Anand 11 May 1985–23 October 1989
15 S.S. Kang 24 October 1989–14 May 1993
16 S.C. Mathur 10 October 1993–17 March 1994
17 S. Sagir Ahmed 18 March 1994–22 September 1994
18 M. Ramakrishna 10 October 1994–15 June 1997
19 Bhawani Singh 16 June 1997–21 February 2000
20 B.P. Saraf 21 February 2000–22 August 2001
21 H.K. Sema 12 September 2001–8 April 2002
22 B.C. Patel 16 May 2002–4 March 2003
23 S.N. Jha 4 February 2004–11 October 2005
24 B.A. Khan 25 January 2007–31 March 2007
25 K.S. Radhakrishnan 7 January 2008–28 August 2008
26 Manmohan Sarin 4 September 2008–19 October 2008
27 Barin Ghosh 3 January 2009–13 April 2010
28 Dr. Aftab Hussain Saikia 13 April 2010–6 April 2011
29 F. M. Ibrahim Kalifulla 24 February 2011–2 April 2012
30 M. M. Kumar 8 June 2012 – 4 January 2015
31 N. Paul Vasanthakumar 2 February 2015 – 14 March 2017
Acting Ramalingam Sudhakar 16 March 2018 – 31 March 2018
32 Badar Durrez Ahmed 1 April 2017 – 15 March 2018
Acting Ramalingam Sudhakar 16 March 2018 – 11 May 2018
Acting Alok Aradhe 11 May 2018 – 11 August 2018
33 Gita Mittal 11 August 2018 – 8 December 2020
Acting Rajesh Bindal 9 December 2020 – 3 January 2021
34 Pankaj Mithal 4 January 2021 – Incumbent

Jammu and Kashmir State Judicial AcademyEdit

In 2001, the High Court established its regular Judicial Academy via order No. 342, dated 26 July. Since then, Jammu and Kashmir State Judicial Academy functions regularly and holds training programmes.[10] Jammu and Kashmir State Judicial Academy has its own infrastructure in Jammu (in the premises of the High Court) and in Srinagar (Mominabad).

The administrative machinery of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh moves to Srinagar, its summer capital, in April and Jammu, its winter capital, in November every year. In view of this tradition, Jammu and Kashmir State Judicial Academy also functions likewise from Jammu and Srinagar. It has infrastructures both in Jammu and Srinagar.[11][12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History". Jkhighcourt.nic.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 October 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "New nomenclature for Jammu and Kashmir High Court". 17 July 2021. Archived from the original on 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021 – via www.thehindu.com.
  4. ^ "Law Department J&K". jklaw.nic.in. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  5. ^ "History". jkhighcourt.nic.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b Upadhyay, Sparsh (31 December 2020). "Justice Pankaj Mithal Appointed As CJ Of Jammu & Kashmir High Court; Justice Ravi V. Malimath Made HP High Court Judge". www.livelaw.in. Archived from the original on 31 December 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  7. ^ "History". Jkhighcourt.nic.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Kandahar's Qizilbash". Kashmir Life. 30 November 2017. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  9. ^ Altaf, Sana (1 December 2011). "Changing times." Newsinsight.net. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Welcome to Jammu & Kashmir State Judicial Academy". jkja.nic.in. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Welcome to Jammu & Kashmir State Judicial Academy". www.jkja.nic.in. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Welcome to Jammu & Kashmir State Judicial Academy". www.jkja.nic.in. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2021.

11. [1]

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  1. ^ "New nomenclature for Jammu and Kashmir High Court". The Indian EXPRESS. 17 July 2021. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.