High Coast

The High Coast (Swedish: Höga Kusten) is a part of the coast of Sweden on the Gulf of Bothnia, in the Ångermanland province of northeast Sweden, centered in the area of the municipalities of Kramfors, Härnösand, Sollefteå and Örnsköldsvik. It is notable as an area for research on post-glacial rebound and eustacy, in which the land rises as the covering glaciers melt, a phenomenon first recognised and studied there. Since the last ice age, the land has risen 300 meters, which accounts for the region's unusually tall cliffs. The High Coast is part of the Swedish/Finnish High Coast/Kvarken Archipelago UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its exceptional geology and unique example of isostatic rebound.[1]

High Coast
UNESCO World Heritage Site
High Coast from Skuleberget - Panorama.jpg
View over the High Coast from the top of the Skule Mountain in August 2013
LocationVästernorrland County, Sweden
Part ofHigh Coast / Kvarken Archipelago
CriteriaNatural: (viii)
Reference898bis-001
Inscription2000 (24th Session)
Extensions2006
Area142,500 ha (352,000 acres)
Coordinates63°0′N 18°30′E / 63.000°N 18.500°E / 63.000; 18.500Coordinates: 63°0′N 18°30′E / 63.000°N 18.500°E / 63.000; 18.500
High Coast is located in Sweden
High Coast
Location of High Coast in Sweden

GeologyEdit

The relief of the High Coast is that of a large scale joint valley terrain that dissects uplifted remnants of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain.[2][3]

During the Ice Ages of the past 2-3 million years, the High Coast was repeatedly covered by continental ice sheet, including the Fennoscandian ice sheet until roughly 9600 years ago.[1][4] When the glaciers retreated from the High Coast, the ground, which had been compacted by the weight of the ice sheet, went through rapid uplift, a process known as isostatic rebound. This rebound cause uplift of roughly 285 meters, the high known isostatic rebound on Earth.[1] The region is still rising, on the order of 8 mm per year.[5] Remains of the former shorelines can be seen along the High Coast.[4]

Some of the fish species found in the High Coast are relict species from the most recent ice age, including the Fourhorn sculpin.[5] Other animal species resident to the high coast include brown bears, lynx, and moose.[4]

HistoryEdit

The area known today as Höga Kusten has historically been known as the Ångermanland Coast.[6][7] In 1974, the term High Coast (Swedish: Höga Kusten) was coined in connection with a report on the area.[8]

In 2000, UNESCO put the area on the World Heritage List:

"The High Coast site affords outstanding opportunities for the understanding of the important processes that formed the glaciated and land uplift areas of the Earth's surface."[1]

In 2006, the High Coast was joined with the Finnish Kvarken areas.[1] The World Heritage Site ranges from the High Coast Bridge (Swedish: Högakustenbron) in the South to Skagsudde in the North.

AttractionsEdit

The most popular places to visit in the High Coast of Sweden are Skule Mountain, Skuleskogen National Park, and the islands Ulvön and Trysunda.[citation needed]

The High Coast of Sweden is considered to be excellent for hiking and has been cited as one of the best hiking regions in Sweden.[citation needed]

Both outdoor magazines (such as Utemagasinet and Outside) and daily newspapers (such as Svenska Dagbladet) rank the High Coast Trail as one of the best of Sweden's hiking trails.[citation needed]

The High Coast Trail is a 128-kilometer long trail along the High Coast. For day hikes, Skule Mountain and Skule National park are popular. The High Coast Hike (Höga Kusten Hike) is an annual event considered suitable for both experienced and new hikers.[citation needed]

The Höga Kusten Bridge is an impressive gateway to the region, while there are a number of picturesque islands and fishing villages in the area.

 
High Coast Bridge crossing the Ångermanälven river
 
View over Ulvön bay from Lotsberget

TastesEdit

The High Coast is also famous for several different types of foods and drinks.

High Coast Whisky, have received many World Whiskies Award, and have been nominated to the best whisky in the World. Located by the stream of Ångermanälven, it uses the nature and the cold water in its processes.

Hernö Gin, have been voted as the World's best Gin every year since 2015 and the Founder and Master Distiller Jon Hillgren has been voted into the Gin Hall of Fame. Hernö Gin opened Sweden's first ever gin distillery.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "High Coast/Kvarken Archipelago". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  2. ^ Lidmar-Bergströrm, Karna (1995). "Relief and saprolites through time on the Baltic Shield". Geomorphology. Elsevier. 12: 45–61.
  3. ^ Lidmar-Bergström, Karna; Olvmo, Mats (2015). Plains, steps, hilly relief and valleys in northern Sweden – review, interpretations and implications for conclusions on Phanerozoic tectonics (PDF) (Report). Geological Survey of Sweden. p. 12. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  4. ^ a b c International Union on Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (August 2000). World Heritage Nomination - IUCN Technical Evaluation: The High Coast (Sweden) (Report). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b Government of Sweden (2 December 2000). Title (PDF) (Report). UNESCO. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  6. ^ Johan Nordlander 1853-1934 Gävlebornas fiskefärder till Ångermanlands kust 1924 (Trips to the Ångermanland coast by fishermen from Gävle)
  7. ^ Lars Silén. Några ryggradslösa havsdjur från Ångermanlands kust (utanför Ulvön); Svensk faunistisk revy; 1955(17):4, s. 110-114Marine invertebrates from the Ångermanland coast (outside Ulvön). Included in the Swedish Revue of Fauna 1955 (17):4 pp 110-114
  8. ^ Höga Kustenutredningen. Huvudrapport Höga Kusten-kommittén. Härnösand: Kommittén, 1974 (Swedish) 329 s., 5 maps (Main report from the High Coast Committee. Härnösand 1974.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bergström, Lars (1975). Höga kusten: natur, människor och tradition längs kusten från Sundsvall till Örnsköldsvik - ett av Sveriges vackraste och mest särpräglade landskap ISBN 91-0-040427-6 Stockholm : Bonniers 1975 80pp (The High Coast: the landscape, people and traditions along the coast from Sundsvall to Örnsköldsvik - one of Sweden's most beautiful and distinctive landscapes) (Swedish)

External linksEdit

  Media related to High Coast (Sweden) at Wikimedia Commons