High Barbaree (film)

High Barbaree (aka Enchanted Island) is a 1947 American drama war film directed by Jack Conway. It stars Van Johnson and June Allyson, in the third of their six screen pairings. The screenplay based on the novel High Barbaree (1945) by authors Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall. The real-life drama of the Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft in the Pacific theater was merged into a search for a mystical "High Barbaree".[2]

High Barbaree
High Barbaree FilmPoster.jpeg
Directed byJack Conway
Written byAnne Morrison Chapin
Whitfield Cook
Cyril Hume
Based onHigh Barbaree
1945 novel
by Charles Nordhoff
James Norman Hall
StarringVan Johnson
June Allyson
Music byHerbert Stothart
CinematographySidney Wagner
Edited byConrad A. Nervig
Production
company
Distributed byMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
  • May 1947 (1947-05)
Running time
91 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$2,173,000[1]
Box office$3,083,000[1]

PlotEdit

In Hawaii, during World War II, U.S. Navy pilot Alec Brooke (Van Johnson) commands a flying boat, named the "High Barbaree". During a bombing mission against a Japanese submarine, his PBY Catalina is shot down with all but one of his crew killed, but still able to stay afloat, adrift far from Allied territory. While the crippled aircraft is slowly floating, the two survivors hear the voice of "Tokyo Rose" (Audrey Totter) invoking memories of their past. Alec shares a series of recollections with fellow survivor, Lt. Joe Moore (Cameron Mitchell). His memories concern his boyhood sweetheart in a small Iowa town, Nancy Fraser (June Allyson), now a Navy nurse serving on a ship in the Pacific theater, commanded by his uncle, Capt. Thad Vail (Thomas Mitchell).

Alec and Moore now convert the flying boat into a sailboat by lashing up parachutes as a sail, and head for High Barbaree, a mythical island that his uncle claimed to have once seen in fact. As water supplies dwindle and both men begin to succumb to the conditions, Alec continues his story of a childhood where he had dreamed of becoming a doctor like his father (Henry Hull). After completing the first two years of medical training, he had chosen to become a pilot and rose to the ranks of vice-president of the Case Aviation company, even winning the hand of the boss's daughter (Marilyn Maxwell). When Nancy comes back for a visit, a terrible tornado destroys the company and town, and because his father suffers a broken arm, Alec takes over the emergency medical care of the victims that are in the town auditorium. Nancy, dismayed at his engagement to another woman and his choice of career, leaves as soon as the airport reopens; they lose contact and Alec cannot tell her that he has rethought both decisions.

The coming of war precludes Alec continuing his medical career, and as a pilot in the highly specialized PBY flying boats that harass the Japanese fleets, he is particularly successful until his last mission. After Joe dies, and Alec goes into a coma, High Barbaree seems only a dream when rescue comes at the last moment, as his uncle steers to the location he had once charted and finds Alec. On board, Nancy and the recovering Alec are finally reunited.

CastEdit

 
The judicious use of combat footage enhanced the production values of High Barbaree.

ProductionEdit

After a period of inactivity for Van Johnson where he had brooded about his decision not to enlist in World War II, the studio cast him with one of his favorite co-stars, June Allyson, who had been a close friend ever since the pair had performed on Broadway and had been budding stars in Hollywood. Other principal roles such as the father, mother and uncle were ably cast by Hollywood veterans while the significant role of the young Alec was handled by Claude Jarman Jr., the star of The Yearling (1946).[3]

The studio followed the plotline of the original novel which had a "Romeo and Juliet" ending with Allyson's character dying, Johnson hearing that her ship had been sunk, and subsequently dying before he is rescued. When previewed in Los Angeles with this ending, 40% of the audience cards wanted a happy ending with Johnson not dying. A costly $50,000 remake had both of the screen lovers surviving.[4]

The saga of the Consolidated PBY Catalinas flown in the Pacific theater featured predominantly in the film, and were often shown in interiors as well as through the inter-cutting of PBYs in flight from combat footage. These flying boats, first used for reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare, were also specially modified to operate as night raiders. While location shooting took place at Location filming took place at King City, Arcadia, California, aerial sequences took place at the U.S. Navy's North Island, San Diego, and in the coastal waters off Coronado Island, California with principal photography wrapped on August 14, 1946.[5]

The use of the Ryan Aircraft plant in San Diego as the site for the lead actor's test flying adventures included a lively wringing out of the Stinson L-1 Vigilant[N 1] and Ryan ST trainer, flown by Paul Mantz.[6]

Tornado footage from The Wizard of Oz was reused in this film.[3][7]

ReceptionEdit

Released at a time when war films had ebbed, the studio marketed High Barbaree as a romantic comedy with the pairing of America's sweethearts. The film was not universally well received as the packaging seemed contrived and the storyline was laboriously drawn out with numerous flashbacks that detracted from the action of the South Pacific air war, where the aerial sequences stood out.[8] Bosley Crowther of The New York Times saw the film as dull and "uninspiring", with a "screenplay from a novel by Nordoff and Hall did not do much more than a blueprint of romantic and sentimental clichés."[9] British film magazine Picturegoer thought 'clichés abound' and that the story was told 'at rather long length and wordily', but praised the performance of Thomas Mitchell as an old seafaring uncle.[10]

Box OfficeEdit

The film was a hit, earning $2,231,000 in the US and Canada and $852,000 elsewhere, but because of its high cost recorded a loss to MGM of $149,000.[1][11]

AdaptationsEdit

On January 24, 1949, "Lux Radio Theater" broadcast a 60-minute radio adaptation of the movie with Van Johnson reprising his film role.[12]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In High Barbaree, the Stinson L-1 Vigilant appears to be hovering and while the Stinson folks bragged that their Stinson L-1 Vigilant could actually accomplish this feat, in a strong headwind, the L-1 could be seen slowly flying backward.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
  2. ^ ""High Barbaree". Allmovie. Retrieved: September 16, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Quin, Elanor. "Articles: High Barabee." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: September 16, 2012.
  4. ^ "Notes: High Barabee." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: September 17, 2012.
  5. ^ Davis 2001, p. 106.
  6. ^ Adcock 2005, p. 7.
  7. ^ Marshall, Tim. "The OZ Tornado." Storm Track. Retrieved: September 17, 2012.
  8. ^ Hardwick and Schnepf 1989, p. 57.
  9. ^ Crowther, Bosley. "The High Barbaree (1947)." The New York Times, June 6, 1947.
  10. ^ Picturegoer, p.12, 21 June 1947
  11. ^ See also "Top Grossers of 1947", Variety, 7 January 1948 p 63
  12. ^ "Did you know?" IMDb. Retrieved: 17 September 2012.

BibliographyEdit

  • Adcock, Al. US Liaison Aircraft in action (Aircraft in Action: No. 195). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 2005. ISBN 978-0897474870.
  • Davis, Ronald. Van Johnson: MGM's Golden Boy. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2001. ISBN 978-1-57806-377-2.
  • Hardwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies." The Making of the Great Aviation Films. General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.

External linksEdit