Hicksville, New York

Hicksville is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) within the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, on Long Island, in New York, United States. The population of the CDP was 41,547 at the 2010 census.

Hicksville, New York
Buildings along Broadway, which is one of the hamlet's main thoroughfares.
Buildings along Broadway, which is one of the hamlet's main thoroughfares.
Motto(s): 
"The community with time for you"
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Hicksville, New York is located in New York
Hicksville, New York
Hicksville, New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°45′48″N 73°31′24″W / 40.76333°N 73.52333°W / 40.76333; -73.52333Coordinates: 40°45′48″N 73°31′24″W / 40.76333°N 73.52333°W / 40.76333; -73.52333
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau County, New York
TownOyster Bay
Named forValentine Hicks
Area
 • Total6.8 sq mi (17.7 km2)
 • Land6.8 sq mi (17.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
148 ft (45 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total41,547
 • Density6,114/sq mi (2,360.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
11801
Area code(s)516
FIPS code36-34374
GNIS feature ID0952707
Websitewww.hicksvillechamber.com

HistoryEdit

Valentine Hicks, son-in-law of abolitionist and Quaker preacher Elias Hicks, and eventual president of the Long Island Rail Road, bought land in the village in 1834 and turned it into a station stop on the LIRR in 1837.[1] The station became a depot for produce, particularly cucumbers for a Heinz Company plant. After a blight destroyed the cucumber crops, the farmers grew potatoes. It turned into a bustling New York City suburb in the building boom following World War II.[2][3]

The hamlet is named for Valentine Hicks.[1]

Failed incorporation attemptEdit

In 1953, Hicksville attempted to incorporate itself as the Incorporated Village of Hicksville.[4] Many residents felt that by incorporating as a village, the community would be run more effectively than by the Town of Oyster Bay. A petition had been signed with 6,242 signatures from residents in favor of the plan.[4][5][6]

However, these plans were unsuccessful, and Hicksville remains an unincorporated area of the Town of Oyster Bay to this day.[7][8]

GeographyEdit

 
U.S. Census map of Hicksville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles (18 km2), of which 6.8 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.15% is water.[9]

ClimateEdit

The climate is borderline between hot-summer humid continental (Dfa) and humid subtropical (Cfa) and the local hardiness zone is 7a.[10] Average monthly temperatures in the village centre range from 31.9° F in January to 74.7° F in July.[11]

EconomyEdit

Metalab Equipment Company, a division of Norbute Corp, made laboratory furniture and cabinetry.[12] Alsy Manufacturing manufactured electric lamps and lampshades from 1975 through 1991.[12]

The Rubber Company of America (RUCO) built a manufacturing site in 1945. RUCO Polymer Corp. (Hooker Chemical Company) manufactured plastics, latex, and esters. Occidental Chemical Corporation (OCC) owned and operated this site from 1966 to 1982. The site was purchased by Sybron Corporation, then in 2000, the Bayer Corporation (Bayer MaterialScience) purchased the Hooker Ruco facility and in 2002 decided to close the facility. The facility was a freight customer of the Long Island Rail Road and New York and Atlantic Railway, served by a spur track off the Main Line next to the grade crossing at New South Road.[13] The site was used for the production of polyester from 1982 until 2002. The LIRR removed the switch during track work sometime after the closure and demolition of the buildings on the property. The property remains fenced-off and vacant currently.[14]

The presence of a major LIRR hub means that Hicksville developed as a major bedroom community of New York City. The LIRR has a team yard on West John Street, just east of Charlotte Avenue, served by the New York and Atlantic Railway, for off-line freight customers receiving or shipping cargo by rail to anywhere in the North American rail network.

Hicksville's North Broadway, positioned in the center of Nassau County, developed into a significant retail center. North Broadway was home to the Mid-Island Shopping Plaza (now known as Broadway Mall), a 156,000-square-foot Sears department store and auto center (which closed in 2018)[15] and various other restaurants and retail stores.[16]

 
Broadway Mall in 2016.

Hicksville is also home to a number of Indian restaurants on Long Island due to its large proportion of immigrants from Bangladesh, India and Pakistan.[17]

Businesses with headquarters in HicksvilleEdit

Major businesses headquartered within Hicksville include:

DemographicsEdit

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 41,547 people, 13,412 households, and 10,588 families living in the CDP. The population density was 6,109.9 per square mile (2,360.6/km2). There were 13,761 housing units at an average density of 2,023.7/sq mi (781.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 69.3% White, 61.6% Non Hispanic White, 2.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 20.7% Asian, 4.8% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.5% of the population.

There were 13,412 households, of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 63.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $89,231, and the median income for a family was $99,980.[19] Males had a median income of $52,112 versus $46,278 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $50,283. About 2.4% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

A Little India has developed in Hicksville, centered around Route 107 and Broadway.[20][21] Starting around 1990, the area began attracting Indian immigrants who have established an extensive community including Indian restaurants, shops, and other businesses,[22] as well as Hindu temples and cultural events such as parades and Diwali festivals.[20] The Indian population was estimated to be around 5,000 in 2013.[20]

2000 censusEdit

Per the census[23] of 2000, there were 41,261 people, 13,710 households, and 10,844 families living in the CDP. The population density was 6,057.2 per square mile (2,339.3/km2). There were 13,912 housing units at an average density of 2,042.4/sq mi (788.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.56% White, 1.36% African American, 0.11% Native American, 9.04% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.05% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.26% of the population.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $82,231, and the median income for a family was $94,910.[19] Males had a median income of $52,112 versus $46,278 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $50,283. About 2.4% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

School districtsEdit

 
Hicksville High School in 2019.

Hicksville is primarily located within the boundaries of (and is thus served by) the Hicksville Union Free School District.[8][24] However, a small part of the hamlet's southeastern corner is located within the boundaries of the Bethpage Union Free School District while a small portion of the hamlet's northeastern corner is located within the boundaries of the Syosset Central School District.[8][24] As such, children who reside within Hicksville and attend public schools go to school in one of these three districts depending on where they live within the hamlet.[8][24]

Library districtsEdit

Hicksville is located within the boundaries of (and is thus served by) the Hicksville Library District, the Bethpage Library District, and the Syosset Library District.[8] The boundaries of these three districts within the hamlet roughly correspond to those of the three school districts.[8]

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

Four state-owned roads pass through the hamlet: New York State Route 106, New York State Route 107, the Northern State Parkway, and the Wantagh State Parkway.[8]

Additionally, the Northern State Parkway forms portions of the hamlet's northern border.[8]

Other major roads within the hamlet include Jerusalem Avenue, Old Country Road, Plainview Road, and South Oyster Bay Road.[8]

RailEdit

 
The Hicksville LIRR station, looking down the middle track.

Hicksville is a major hub on the Long Island Rail Road, where the Ronkonkoma Branch meets with the Port Jefferson Branch to form the Main Line.[8]

BusEdit

The area is also a hub for the following routes operated by Nassau Inter-County Express:[25]

  • n20H: Great Neck – Hicksville via Northern Blvd
  • n22/n22X: Hicksville – Jamaica via Prospect Avenue/Hillside Avenue
  • n24: Hicksville – Jamaica via Old Country Road/Jericho Turnpike
  • n48: Hicksville – Jericho Quad via North Broadway/Jericho Turnpike
  • n48: Hicksville – Hempstead via Carman Road
  • n49: Hicksville – Hempstead via Newbridge Road
  • n78: Hicksville – Plainview via Old Country Road
  • n79: Hicksville – Huntington, New York Walt Whitman Mall and Shops via Old Country Road
  • n80: Hicksville – Sunrise Mall via Hicksville Road

Public safetyEdit

 
The Hicksville Fire Department's headquarters in 2019.

Hicksville's fire protection is provided by the Hicksville Fire Department.[8] Its police protection comes from the Nassau County Police Department's 2nd and 8th precincts, as well as the MTA Police and Nassau County Auxiliary Police.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Winsche, Richard (October 1, 1999). The History of Nassau County Community Place-Names. Interlaken, New York: Empire State Books. ISBN 978-1557871541.
  2. ^ Hicksville: Bound Together by Railroad Ties – Newsday – Retrieved November 14, 2007
  3. ^ Ron Ziel and George H. Foster, Steel Rails to the Sunrise, ©1965
  4. ^ a b "Set Hearing On Hicksville Village Plea". Newsday. August 19, 1953 – via ProQuest.
  5. ^ TIMES, Special to THE NEW YORK (1953-09-20). "HICKSVILLE IS SPLIT IN HOME-RULE MOVE; 6,240 Taxpayers Petition for Referendum on Incorporation to Sever Township Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-06-12.
  6. ^ "Hicksville Pushes Home Rule". Newsday. June 27, 1951 – via ProQuest.
  7. ^ "Court Backs Nix by Board On Annex Vote". Newsday. December 19, 1953 – via ProQuest.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". Long Island Index Maps. Long Island Index.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/InteractiveMap.aspx
  11. ^ https://prism.oregonstate.edu/explorer/
  12. ^ a b "Record of Decision – DEC" (PDF). Mar 2005. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014.
  13. ^ "Hooker Chemical/Ruco Polymer EPA REGION 2" (PDF). Jun 1986. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014.
  14. ^ "Record of Decision RUCO Polymer Corp. (Hooker Chemical)" (PDF). Dec 2012. Retrieved 9 Apr 2014.
  15. ^ Winzelberg, David (5 June 2018). "Theater signs lease at Hicksville Sears project". LIBN. Long Island Business News. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Long Island malls at the crossroads: Some will adapt — and some will not survive". Newsday. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  17. ^ Gianotti, Peter (10 July 2019). "The best Indian restaurants on Long Island". Newsday. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  18. ^ "2010 Demographic Profile Data". American FactFinder. Archived from the original on 2019-05-21. Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  19. ^ a b Hicksville CDP, New York from American FactFinder
  20. ^ a b c Medley, James (9 December 2013). "Little India Long Island, Hicksville, NY". Vimeo. Stony Brook University. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  21. ^ Alan Krawitz. "Hicksville: LI's LITTLE INDIA". Newsday. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
  22. ^ Fung, Kevin (6 September 2013). "Before Little India Was Little India". Long Island Wins. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  23. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  24. ^ a b c "Composite School District Boundaries Shapefiles". NCES. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  25. ^ "Nassau Inter-County Express - Maps and Schedules". nicebus.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.

External linksEdit